From words to dates: Water into wine, mathemagic or phylogenetic inference?
Atkinson, Q., Nicholls, G., Welch, D., Gray, R.D. (2005) FROM WORDS TO DATES: WATER INTO WINE, MATHEMAGIC OR PHYLOGENETIC INFERENCE? Transactions of the Philological Society Volume 103:2 (2005) 193–219
Gray & Atkinson’s (2003) application of quantitative phylo- genetic methods to Dyen, Kruskal & Black’s (1992) Indo- European database produced controversial divergence time estimates. Here we test the robustness of these results using an alternative data set of ancient Indo-European languages. We employ two very different stochastic models of lexical evolution – Gray & Atkinson’s (2003) finite-sites model and a stochastic-Dollo model of word evolution introduced by Nicholls & Gray (in press). Results of this analysis support the findings of Gray & Atkinson (2003). We also tested the ability of both methods to reconstruct phylogeny and divergence times accurately from synthetic data. The methods performed well under a range of scenarios, including widespread and localized borrowing.
- How old is the Indo-European language family?
- Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin
- From words to dates: Water into wine, mathemagic or phylogenetic inference?
- Untangling Our Past: Languages, Trees, Splits and Networks
- Quantifying uncertainty in a stochastic dollo model of vocabulary evolution.
- Curious Parallels and Curious Connections—Phylogenetic Thinking in Biology and historical linguistics
- The shape and tempo of language evolution
- Austronesian language phylogenies: myths and misconceptions about Bayesian computational methods
- Pushing the time barrier in the quest for language roots
- Matrilocal residence is ancestral in Austronesian societies