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Language: Dongxiang 东乡语

Source/Author:  刘照雄 Liu Zhaoxiong 
Notes:  刘照雄 (1981) 东乡语简志。 北京:民族出版社。
Liu Zhaoxiong (1981) A sketch of the Dongxiang language. Beijing: Institute of minorities. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Kozhevina Varvara  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 178
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 9
 
Classification:  Mongolic:Eastern:Mongour 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 22 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin      
14 belly      
24 head      
47 to yawn      
50 to dream      
52 to stand      
57 husband      
58 wife      
62 thatch/roof      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
78 to cut, hack word info      
81 sharp      
83 to work word info      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
97 bird      
100 wing      
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
120 stone      
121 sand      
126 lake      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
158 narrow      
162 old word info      
173 at      
184 he/she      
190 other      
191 all      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
196 to count      
1 hand qa      
2 left soɣəi      
3 right borun      
4 leg/foot kon foot    
5 to walk jawu-      
6 road/path mo road, path    
7 to come irə-      
9 to swim unba-      
13 back word info quina      
15 bone iasun      
16 intestines kidʐəsun      
18 breast ətʂən breast    
19 shoulder dalɯ      
20 to know, be knowledgeable məiʥiə-      
21 to think sɯmula-      
22 to fear aji-      
23 blood tʂusun      
25 neck ɢudʐun      
26 hair word info usun      
27 nose qawa      
28 to breathe hamura-      
29 to sniff, smell funiʨiə- to sniff, smell    
30 mouth aman      
31 tooth ʂɯdun      
32 tongue kiəliən      
33 to laugh ɕiniə-      
34 to cry uila-      
35 to vomit bəndʐə-      
36 to spit nuɣu-      
37 to eat iʥiə-      
38 to chew word info dʐadʐulu- general term    
39 to cook word info tʂɯna- general term    
40 to drink otʂɯ-      
41 to bite dʐao-      
42 to suck gogoɣa-      
43 ear tᶳɯɢɯn      
44 to hear tʂənliə-      
45 eye udun      
46 to see udʐə-      
48 to sleep huntura-      
49 to lie down word info kiʥiə-      
51 to sit sao-      
53 person/human being kun person, human being    
54 man/male ərə man    
55 woman/female əmə woman    
56 child kəwosɯ      
59 mother ana      
60 father awi      
61 house giə      
63 name niərə      
64 to say kiəliə-      
65 rope ʥiəsun      
66 to tie up, fasten fəija-      
66 to tie up, fasten banla-      
67 to sew word info ɕiʥiə-      
68 needle dʐun      
73 to steal ɢula-      
74 to kill ala-      
75 to die, be dead fugu- to die    
76 to live, be alive amitu be alive    
77 to scratch word info uadʐɯ-      
79 stick/wood təija      
80 to split word info ɢaɣalu-      
82 dull, blunt muɣutu      
84 to plant tari-      
85 to choose sunɢu-      
86 to grow word info osɯ-      
87 to swell word info kaitu-      
88 to squeeze word info daru-      
89 to hold word info bari-      
90 to dig uaji-      
91 to buy bari-      
92 to open, uncover niə- to open    
95 to fall word info baoɣa-      
95 to fall word info bao-      
96 dog noɣəi      
98 egg əndəɣəi      
99 feather xodun      
101 to fly musɯ-      
102 rat sɯdʐɯɣan      
103 meat/flesh miɣa meat    
104 fat/grease tosun fat, grease    
105 tail ɕiən      
106 snake moɣəi      
107 worm (earthworm) ɢuɣəi      
108 louse word info bosun general term    
111 fish dʐaɣasun      
113 branch word info sala      
114 leaf latʂɯn      
116 flower tʂɯdʐə      
117 fruit alima      
118 grass osun      
119 earth/soil oron earth, soil    
119 earth/soil ɢadʐa earth, soil    
119 earth/soil tura earth, soil    
122 water word info usu      
123 to flow urusu-      
125 salt dansun      
127 woods/forest linko woods, forest    
128 sky asɯman      
129 moon sara      
130 star xodun      
131 cloud word info oliən      
132 fog tuman      
133 rain ɢura      
136 wind kəi      
137 to blow word info fəiliə- with the mouth    
138 warm word info qalun      
139 cold word info kuiʨiən      
140 dry word info qosun general term    
141 wet nəiʨiən      
142 heavy gundu      
143 fire qan      
144 to burn word info tuliə-      
145 smoke word info funi      
146 ash funiəsun      
147 black qara      
148 white tʂɯɢan      
149 red xulan      
150 yellow ʂɯra      
151 green noɣon      
152 small məila      
153 big fugiə      
154 short word info oqo short    
155 long word info fudu      
156 thin word info ninkiən      
157 thick word info dʐudʐan      
159 wide aɣui      
160 painful, sick otu- v.    
161 shy, ashamed ʂɯdʐə- v.    
163 new ʂɯni      
165 bad, evil mao      
166 correct, true ənbainə      
167 night ɕiəni      
168 day udu      
169 year xon      
170 when? word info giədʐə      
171 to hide word info inmangiə-      
172 to climb word info papala- mountain    
174 in, inside tudoro      
175 above ʥiərə      
176 below dəura      
177 this ənə singular    
177 this ənəla plural    
178 that tərə singular    
178 that həʣɯɣən plural    
179 near uira      
180 far ɢolo      
181 where? word info qala      
182 I bi      
183 thou tʂɯ      
185 we word info biʥiən      
186 you ta      
187 they həla      
187 they həsɯla      
188 what? word info ian      
189 who? word info kiən      
192 and pusə      
197 One word info niə      
198 Two word info ɢua      
199 Three word info ɢuran      
200 Four word info ʥiəran      
201 Five word info tawun      
202 Six word info dʐɯɣon      
203 Seven word info dolon      
204 Eight word info naiman      
205 Nine word info iəsun      
206 Ten word info haron      
207 Twenty word info qoron      
17 liver ganʣɯ < chinese   L
115 root gənʣɯ < chinese   L
124 sea xai < chinese   L
145 smoke word info jən < chinese   L
208 Fifty word info uʂɯ < chinese   L
209 One Hundred word info < chinese   L
210 One Thousand word info ʨiən < chinese   L
164 good gao < chinese ?   L?
195 no, not puʂɯ < chinese ? not to be   L?

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