https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Merina (Malagasy)

Source/Author:  Blust / Adelaar from Abinal & Malzac (1921), Richardson (1885) 
Notes:  Abinal, A. & Malzac, V. (1921) Dictionnaire Malgache-Français. Tananarive: Imprimerie de la mission Catholique.

Richardson, J. (1885) A new Malagasy-English dictionary. Antananarivo: London Missionary Society. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill + Sander Adelaar 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Greater Barito:East:Malagasy 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 117 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ambóny   2, 27  
191 all rehétra      
192 and sy   66  
192 and ary   67  
192 and ka   1  
146 ash lavénona   95  
173 at aN-   22  
13 back word info lamósina lǝmbusir, lǝmusir ( Malay ) 47 L
165 bad, evil rátsy   116  
14 belly kíbo      
176 below ambány   1  
153 big lehibé root = be 46  
97 bird vórona < Malay buruŋ 17 L
147 black má-inty   1  
23 blood   1  
15 bone táolana   1  
113 branch word info rántsana < Malay rancang 63 L
18 breast nóno   3  
56 child ánaka   1  
131 cloud word info ráhona   1  
139 cold word info mangatsíaka < South Sulawesi, maN- + ha-tsiaka 130 L
139 cold word info hatsìaka x   L
139 cold word info nàra      
166 correct, true márina   20  
166 correct, true   6  
168 day ándro   1  
10 dirty ma-lóto < S. Sulawesi (Adelaar 1995) 108 L
96 dog alíka < bantu   L
96 dog ambóa < Bantu mbwa 104 L
140 dry word info máina   113  
82 dull, blunt dómbo   3, 29  
11 dust vóvoka   56  
43 ear tadíny   1  
119 earth/soil tány   1  
98 egg atódy   1  
204 Eight word info valo   3  
45 eye máso < Bantu 36 L
180 far lávitra   100  
104 fat/grease ma-távy   23  
60 father ráy   22, 50  
99 feather vólo   1  
208 Fifty word info dimampolo   1, 2  
143 fire áfo   1  
111 fish haza-n-dráno      
111 fish trondro (not Austronesian)    
111 fish laoka X = any side-dish    
201 Five word info dimy   1  
116 flower vóny   1  
132 fog závona   27  
200 Four word info éfatra   1  
117 fruit vóa   1  
164 good tsára acara (Malay) < ācāra- (Sanskrit)   L
118 grass áhitra   34  
151 green ma-itso   25 L
26 hair word info vólo   31  
1 hand tánana   18  
184 he/she ízy   1  
24 head lóha   84  
142 heavy ma-vésatra < Malay 1 L
61 house tráno < Borneo Malay daŋau 18 L
194 how? word info ahóana   70  
57 husband vády < S. Sulawesi 88 L
182 I iz[áho]   1  
193 if ráha   88  
174 in, inside anáty   74  
16 intestines tsináy   1  
126 lake faríhy perigi (Malay)   L
114 leaf rávina   1  
2 left havía   1, 42  
4 leg/foot ránjo   79 L
4 leg/foot tongotra      
135 lightning hélatra   1  
135 lightning tselatra   1  
17 liver áty   1  
155 long word info láva   27, 101  
108 louse word info háo < Bantu 33 L
54 man/male láhy   2  
103 meat/flesh héna related to Ma'anyan kenah 'fish' 111 55  
129 moon vólana   1  
109 mosquito móka   1, 111  
59 mother rény   1, 93  
30 mouth váva   1  
63 name anárana   1  
158 narrow éty   88  
179 near akéky   117  
25 neck vózona   131  
68 needle fan-jáitra   45  
163 new váo   1  
167 night álina < *alem 20  
205 Nine word info sivy   5  
195 no, not tsy < (Old) Malay *tey, *ti 68 L
195 no, not tsia < (Old) Malay *tey, *ti 68 L
27 nose órona   1  
162 old word info ántitra   72  
197 One word info ísa   1  
209 One Hundred word info jato   4, 15  
209 One Hundred word info zato   4, 15  
210 One Thousand word info arivo ribu (Malay) 5, 4 L
190 other háfa   70  
160 painful, sick ma-ráry   118  
53 person/human being ólona   17  
133 rain orana   1  
102 rat voalávo   1  
149 red ména regular tendency: *NVyVC > *NVNVC 1, 39  
3 right havánana   1, 62  
6 road/path lálana   1  
115 root fáka      
65 rope tády   1  
112 rotten word info dródroka      
125 salt síra (garam) sira (Malay) 1 L
121 sand fásika pasir (Malay) 18 L
124 sea ranomásina      
203 Seven word info fito   1  
81 sharp ma-rànitra   43, 35  
154 short word info fóhy < Bantu 47 L
19 shoulder sóroka   50 L
161 shy, ashamed hénatra   80  
202 Six word info enina   1  
12 skin hóditra   1  
128 sky lánitra   1  
152 small kély   126  
145 smoke word info sétroka   90  
106 snake bibiláva lit. 'long animal'; bibi < Bantu 70 L
110 spider hála kala ( Malay ) < kala ( Sanskrit )   L
130 star kíntana      
79 stick/wood házo < Malay kayu 1 L
120 stone váto   1  
105 tail rámbo      
206 Ten word info folo   5  
178 that áo   61  
178 that ány      
62 thatch/roof táfo bózaka   15, 76  
187 they ízy < *iye < *hi + *ie 1  
157 thick word info ma-tévina   26  
156 thin word info ma-nífy   1  
177 this ity   10  
183 thou hianáo < *iha + nao 36, 37  
199 Three word info télo   1  
134 thunder kótroka   2  
41 to bite man-aikitra irregular sound correspondences 20  
137 to blow word info mi-tsóka tiup (Malay) 1, 19 L
28 to breathe mi-fóka      
28 to breathe mi-àina   23  
144 to burn word info man-dóro   98  
91 to buy mi-vídy   1  
38 to chew word info mi-hóta   69  
85 to choose mi-fídy   1  
172 to climb word info mi-ákatra   33  
7 to come ávy   70  
7 to come tónga      
39 to cook word info ma-hándro   102  
196 to count man-ísa   87  
34 to cry mi-t-om-ány   1  
78 to cut, hack word info ma-nápaka   25  
75 to die, be dead máty   1  
90 to dig mi-hády   1  
50 to dream ma-nófy   1  
40 to drink mi-sótro   70  
37 to eat h-óm-ana   1  
95 to fall word info lávo   1  
22 to fear táhotra   1  
123 to flow mi-válana      
101 to fly manídina root is tsìdina 97  
86 to grow word info mi-tómbo   1  
44 to hear man-dré[ni]   1  
171 to hide word info ma-nítrika X    
171 to hide word info mi-èry intrans.    
171 to hide word info mi-àfina intrans. 3  
72 to hit word info ma-mély      
89 to hold word info mi-tána   55  
89 to hold word info mi-házona   115  
69 to hunt word info mi-háza probably < (Old) Malay 87 L
74 to kill ma-móno   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maha-lála   18  
33 to laugh héhy   107  
49 to lie down word info m-ándry   110  
76 to live, be alive mi-áina breathe, be alive 83  
76 to live, be alive mi-vèlona live, be alive 11  
92 to open, uncover ma-móha final -a suspect: borrowed from Malay? 1  
92 to open, uncover manòkatra root is sokaf- 26  
84 to plant mam-bóly   1  
93 to pound, beat word info mi-tóto   20  
64 to say mi-tény   52  
77 to scratch word info mi-háotra   44  
46 to see ma-híta -a is irregular 1 L
67 to sew word info man-jáitra   2  
70 to shoot word info mi-tífitra   51  
70 to shoot word info mana-pòaka      
51 to sit ma-metraka x    
51 to sit mipetraka to sit 163  
48 to sleep ma-tóry   1  
29 to sniff, smell mi-tróka      
29 to sniff, smell mi-òroka X    
36 to spit man-dróra   1  
80 to split word info ma-máky   95  
88 to squeeze word info ma-mía (<fia) 76  
71 to stab, pierce man-dóaka root lòaka 99  
52 to stand mi-tsángana   101  
73 to steal mangálatra root = hàlatra 57  
42 to suck mi-tséntsitra   1  
87 to swell word info mi-bóntsina < Malay bunting 49 L
9 to swim l-om-áno   1  
9 to swim milomano      
21 to think mi-hévitra   88  
94 to throw word info mi-tóraka   1, 118  
66 to tie up, fasten mi-féhy   139  
8 to turn word info víly x    
8 to turn word info mi-hòdina intrans. 96  
35 to vomit man-dóa   8  
5 to walk man-déha   61  
83 to work word info mi-ása < Malay jasa < Sanskrit āyāsa- 94 L
47 to yawn manóaka root is hòaka 19  
32 tongue léla <Zelaq 4  
31 tooth nífy   1  
207 Twenty word info roapolo   3, 6  
198 Two word info róa   1  
138 warm word info ma-fána   1  
122 water word info ráno   10  
185 we word info isíka (incl.); *hi + *tika(N) (+ metath.) +*kam 2, 75  
185 we word info izaháy izahay (excl) 76  
141 wet kótsa   119  
188 what? word info ínona   61  
170 when? word info ovíana   86  
181 where? word info áiza   89  
148 white fótsy not SE Barito 1 L
189 who? word info izáy   59?  
159 wide ma-lálaka   27  
58 wife vády < S. Sulawesi 107 L
136 wind rívotra ribut (Malay)   L
100 wing élatra   23  
55 woman/female vávy   1, 105  
127 woods/forest ála   1  
107 worm (earthworm) kánkana < Bantu 91 L
169 year táona   1  
150 yellow vóny   98  
150 yellow mavo   99  
186 you hianaréo < *iha + *nau(n) + (i)re + u 9  

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