https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Merina (Malagasy)

Source/Author:  Blust / Adelaar from Abinal & Malzac (1921), Richardson (1885) 
Notes:  Abinal, A. & Malzac, V. (1921) Dictionnaire Malgache-Français. Tananarive: Imprimerie de la mission Catholique.

Richardson, J. (1885) A new Malagasy-English dictionary. Antananarivo: London Missionary Society. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill + Sander Adelaar 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Greater Barito:East:Malagasy 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 117 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand tánana   18  
2 left havía   1, 42  
3 right havánana   1, 62  
4 leg/foot ránjo   79 L
4 leg/foot tongotra      
5 to walk man-déha   61  
6 road/path lálana   1  
7 to come ávy   70  
7 to come tónga      
8 to turn word info víly x    
8 to turn word info mi-hòdina intrans. 96  
9 to swim l-om-áno   1  
9 to swim milomano      
10 dirty ma-lóto < S. Sulawesi (Adelaar 1995) 108 L
11 dust vóvoka   56  
12 skin hóditra   1  
13 back word info lamósina lǝmbusir, lǝmusir ( Malay ) 47 L
14 belly kíbo      
15 bone táolana   1  
16 intestines tsináy   1  
17 liver áty   1  
18 breast nóno   3  
19 shoulder sóroka   50 L
20 to know, be knowledgeable maha-lála   18  
21 to think mi-hévitra   88  
22 to fear táhotra   1  
23 blood   1  
24 head lóha   84  
25 neck vózona   131  
26 hair word info vólo   31  
27 nose órona   1  
28 to breathe mi-fóka      
28 to breathe mi-àina   23  
29 to sniff, smell mi-tróka      
29 to sniff, smell mi-òroka X    
30 mouth váva   1  
31 tooth nífy   1  
32 tongue léla <Zelaq 4  
33 to laugh héhy   107  
34 to cry mi-t-om-ány   1  
35 to vomit man-dóa   8  
36 to spit man-dróra   1  
37 to eat h-óm-ana   1  
38 to chew word info mi-hóta   69  
39 to cook word info ma-hándro   102  
40 to drink mi-sótro   70  
41 to bite man-aikitra irregular sound correspondences 20  
42 to suck mi-tséntsitra   1  
43 ear tadíny   1  
44 to hear man-dré[ni]   1  
45 eye máso < Bantu 36 L
46 to see ma-híta -a is irregular 1 L
47 to yawn manóaka root is hòaka 19  
48 to sleep ma-tóry   1  
49 to lie down word info m-ándry   110  
50 to dream ma-nófy   1  
51 to sit ma-metraka x    
51 to sit mipetraka to sit 163  
52 to stand mi-tsángana   101  
53 person/human being ólona   17  
54 man/male láhy   2  
55 woman/female vávy   1, 105  
56 child ánaka   1  
57 husband vády < S. Sulawesi 88 L
58 wife vády < S. Sulawesi 107 L
59 mother rény   1, 93  
60 father ráy   22, 50  
61 house tráno < Borneo Malay daŋau 18 L
62 thatch/roof táfo bózaka   15, 76  
63 name anárana   1  
64 to say mi-tény   52  
65 rope tády   1  
66 to tie up, fasten mi-féhy   139  
67 to sew word info man-jáitra   2  
68 needle fan-jáitra   45  
69 to hunt word info mi-háza probably < (Old) Malay 87 L
70 to shoot word info mi-tífitra   51  
70 to shoot word info mana-pòaka      
71 to stab, pierce man-dóaka root lòaka 99  
72 to hit word info ma-mély      
73 to steal mangálatra root = hàlatra 57  
74 to kill ma-móno   1  
75 to die, be dead máty   1  
76 to live, be alive mi-áina breathe, be alive 83  
76 to live, be alive mi-vèlona live, be alive 11  
77 to scratch word info mi-háotra   44  
78 to cut, hack word info ma-nápaka   25  
79 stick/wood házo < Malay kayu 1 L
80 to split word info ma-máky   95  
81 sharp ma-rànitra   43, 35  
82 dull, blunt dómbo   3, 29  
83 to work word info mi-ása < Malay jasa < Sanskrit āyāsa- 94 L
84 to plant mam-bóly   1  
85 to choose mi-fídy   1  
86 to grow word info mi-tómbo   1  
87 to swell word info mi-bóntsina < Malay bunting 49 L
88 to squeeze word info ma-mía (<fia) 76  
89 to hold word info mi-tána   55  
89 to hold word info mi-házona   115  
90 to dig mi-hády   1  
91 to buy mi-vídy   1  
92 to open, uncover ma-móha final -a suspect: borrowed from Malay? 1  
92 to open, uncover manòkatra root is sokaf- 26  
93 to pound, beat word info mi-tóto   20  
94 to throw word info mi-tóraka   1, 118  
95 to fall word info lávo   1  
96 dog alíka < bantu   L
96 dog ambóa < Bantu mbwa 104 L
97 bird vórona < Malay buruŋ 17 L
98 egg atódy   1  
99 feather vólo   1  
100 wing élatra   23  
101 to fly manídina root is tsìdina 97  
102 rat voalávo   1  
103 meat/flesh héna related to Ma'anyan kenah 'fish' 111 55  
104 fat/grease ma-távy   23  
105 tail rámbo      
106 snake bibiláva lit. 'long animal'; bibi < Bantu 70 L
107 worm (earthworm) kánkana < Bantu 91 L
108 louse word info háo < Bantu 33 L
109 mosquito móka   1, 111  
110 spider hála kala ( Malay ) < kala ( Sanskrit )   L
111 fish haza-n-dráno      
111 fish trondro (not Austronesian)    
111 fish laoka X = any side-dish    
112 rotten word info dródroka      
113 branch word info rántsana < Malay rancang 63 L
114 leaf rávina   1  
115 root fáka      
116 flower vóny   1  
117 fruit vóa   1  
118 grass áhitra   34  
119 earth/soil tány   1  
120 stone váto   1  
121 sand fásika pasir (Malay) 18 L
122 water word info ráno   10  
123 to flow mi-válana      
124 sea ranomásina      
125 salt síra (garam) sira (Malay) 1 L
126 lake faríhy perigi (Malay)   L
127 woods/forest ála   1  
128 sky lánitra   1  
129 moon vólana   1  
130 star kíntana      
131 cloud word info ráhona   1  
132 fog závona   27  
133 rain orana   1  
134 thunder kótroka   2  
135 lightning hélatra   1  
135 lightning tselatra   1  
136 wind rívotra ribut (Malay)   L
137 to blow word info mi-tsóka tiup (Malay) 1, 19 L
138 warm word info ma-fána   1  
139 cold word info mangatsíaka < South Sulawesi, maN- + ha-tsiaka 130 L
139 cold word info hatsìaka x   L
139 cold word info nàra      
140 dry word info máina   113  
141 wet kótsa   119  
142 heavy ma-vésatra < Malay 1 L
143 fire áfo   1  
144 to burn word info man-dóro   98  
145 smoke word info sétroka   90  
146 ash lavénona   95  
147 black má-inty   1  
148 white fótsy not SE Barito 1 L
149 red ména regular tendency: *NVyVC > *NVNVC 1, 39  
150 yellow vóny   98  
150 yellow mavo   99  
151 green ma-itso   25 L
152 small kély   126  
153 big lehibé root = be 46  
154 short word info fóhy < Bantu 47 L
155 long word info láva   27, 101  
156 thin word info ma-nífy   1  
157 thick word info ma-tévina   26  
158 narrow éty   88  
159 wide ma-lálaka   27  
160 painful, sick ma-ráry   118  
161 shy, ashamed hénatra   80  
162 old word info ántitra   72  
163 new váo   1  
164 good tsára acara (Malay) < ācāra- (Sanskrit)   L
165 bad, evil rátsy   116  
166 correct, true márina   20  
166 correct, true   6  
167 night álina < *alem 20  
168 day ándro   1  
169 year táona   1  
170 when? word info ovíana   86  
171 to hide word info ma-nítrika X    
171 to hide word info mi-èry intrans.    
171 to hide word info mi-àfina intrans. 3  
172 to climb word info mi-ákatra   33  
173 at aN-   22  
174 in, inside anáty   74  
175 above ambóny   2, 27  
176 below ambány   1  
177 this ity   10  
178 that áo   61  
178 that ány      
179 near akéky   117  
180 far lávitra   100  
181 where? word info áiza   89  
182 I iz[áho]   1  
183 thou hianáo < *iha + nao 36, 37  
184 he/she ízy   1  
185 we word info isíka (incl.); *hi + *tika(N) (+ metath.) +*kam 2, 75  
185 we word info izaháy izahay (excl) 76  
186 you hianaréo < *iha + *nau(n) + (i)re + u 9  
187 they ízy < *iye < *hi + *ie 1  
188 what? word info ínona   61  
189 who? word info izáy   59?  
190 other háfa   70  
191 all rehétra      
192 and sy   66  
192 and ary   67  
192 and ka   1  
193 if ráha   88  
194 how? word info ahóana   70  
195 no, not tsy < (Old) Malay *tey, *ti 68 L
195 no, not tsia < (Old) Malay *tey, *ti 68 L
196 to count man-ísa   87  
197 One word info ísa   1  
198 Two word info róa   1  
199 Three word info télo   1  
200 Four word info éfatra   1  
201 Five word info dimy   1  
202 Six word info enina   1  
203 Seven word info fito   1  
204 Eight word info valo   3  
205 Nine word info sivy   5  
206 Ten word info folo   5  
207 Twenty word info roapolo   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info dimampolo   1, 2  
209 One Hundred word info jato   4, 15  
209 One Hundred word info zato   4, 15  
210 One Thousand word info arivo ribu (Malay) 5, 4 L

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