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Language: Proto-South Sulawesi

Source/Author:  Frederick Roger Mills 
Notes:  Mills, Frederick Roger. Proto South Sulawesi and proto Austronesian phonology. Ph.D. dissertation. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, 1975. 
Problems:  SA: *tindo 'to sleep' (48) was labeled (1,70) but I changed that into (25). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:South Sulawesi 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 6 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
7 to come      
34 to cry      
38 to chew word info      
44 to hear      
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
126 lake      
142 heavy      
152 small      
158 narrow      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
186 you      
187 they      
189 who? word info      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
1 hand *lima   1, 64  
2 left *kairi   1, 42  
3 right *kanan   1, 73  
4 leg/foot *aje      
4 leg/foot *bɨttis calf of the leg x  
4 leg/foot *bi(n)tis   x  
4 leg/foot *paa thigh    
5 to walk *lamba(C?)      
5 to walk *lingka      
6 road/path *(dr)alan      
8 to turn word info *balik      
9 to swim *langi   1  
10 dirty *carepa(C?) (?)    
10 dirty *rere      
10 dirty *ro(tc)as      
11 dust *a(b)u   1  
12 skin *kulit   1  
12 skin *balulang   64  
13 back word info *boko(t?)      
14 belly *bɨttang      
14 belly *ba-a(l,r)-imba 'chest, stomach'    
14 belly *kɨ(m)pong stomach    
14 belly *tambuk      
15 bone *buku      
16 intestines *pɨrru(t) (?)    
17 liver *ate 'heart; liver' 1  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *li(m)pi(C?)      
19 shoulder *salangga      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *insAn      
21 to think *kapa(N) think, suspect, maybe    
22 to fear *ra(ng)ke(C) (?) afraid    
22 to fear *ria(C?) afraid    
22 to fear *layA(C)      
23 blood *(dr)ara      
24 head *ulu   1  
25 neck *baroko      
25 neck *kɨllong   76  
26 hair word info *belu(b)ak      
27 nose *ilong (?)    
28 to breathe *ai(C) (?) 'breath, spirit'    
29 to sniff, smell *bau      
29 to sniff, smell *u(dr)ung      
30 mouth *timu      
31 tooth *isi   24, 75  
32 tongue *(dr)ila   4  
33 to laugh *tawa   1  
35 to vomit *lua      
36 to spit *ti(ng)kudu      
37 to eat *kande      
39 to cook word info *nasu   3  
39 to cook word info *tanak   1  
40 to drink *inum      
40 to drink *iru(p?) to sip, drink    
41 to bite *ki(ng)ki(t?)      
41 to bite *koqko(C) (?) 1, 32  
42 to suck *is(ɨu)(p?)      
42 to suck *miqmis      
43 ear *talinga   1  
43 ear *tuli(ng?)      
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *kita      
46 to see *(bw)ile (?)    
47 to yawn *ngua(p?)      
48 to sleep *tindo   25  
50 to dream *i(m)pi      
51 to sit *dongko(C?)      
51 to sit *isung      
51 to sit *tuda(ng)      
52 to stand *tutu(ng)      
52 to stand *kɨdde(ɣ?)      
53 person/human being *tau   1  
54 man/male *laki   2  
55 woman/female *ba(b)ine woman, wife 1, 106  
55 woman/female *bai (?) female 1  
56 child *anak   1  
57 husband *langkai (?)    
58 wife *ba(b)ine      
59 mother *ina   1  
59 mother *andung      
59 mother *indo(C?)   10  
60 father *ama      
60 father *ambe(C?)      
60 father *ambo(C?)      
61 house *ruma      
61 house *bola (?)    
61 house *(d)asa(N)      
61 house *banua home    
61 house *sa(m?)po      
62 thatch/roof *atɨ(p?) 'roof' 1  
62 thatch/roof *bu(m)bung 'roof-peak'    
63 name *azan (?)    
64 to say *kua      
64 to say *kada      
65 rope *(d)anda(n)      
65 rope *ula(ng) (?)    
65 rope *kondali      
65 rope *tali      
66 to tie up, fasten *sangki(C)      
67 to sew word info *jait      
68 needle *jaru(m)      
69 to hunt word info *rɨngngAn (?)    
70 to shoot word info *tembak      
71 to stab, pierce *rɨ(n)zo(C)      
71 to stab, pierce *tobok      
72 to hit word info *kɨtto(k)      
72 to hit word info *tA(m)pas      
73 to steal *boko      
74 to kill *pate      
74 to kill *buno      
75 to die, be dead *mate dead    
78 to cut, hack word info *bɨ(dr)e(C)      
78 to cut, hack word info *iras      
78 to cut, hack word info *iris      
79 stick/wood *kayu wood, tree    
79 stick/wood *tɨkkɨn      
80 to split word info *bɨtta      
80 to split word info *bɨ(ng)ka      
80 to split word info *bika(C?) (?)    
80 to split word info *bisak to chop wood    
80 to split word info *po(ng?)ka      
81 sharp *ta(dr)ɨ(m)      
82 dull, blunt *kundu      
83 to work word info *jama      
83 to work word info *reso      
83 to work word info *gau(k?)      
84 to plant *tanɨm   2  
85 to choose *pile      
86 to grow word info *tu(b)o      
86 to grow word info *bɨ(ng)ka(r) raise, open up    
87 to swell word info *bɨngkak      
87 to swell word info *kAmbang   20  
89 to hold word info *gɨnggɨ(m)      
89 to hold word info *kɨngkɨ(m)      
90 to dig *kali      
91 to buy *(b)ɨlli      
92 to open, uncover *buka (?)    
92 to open, uncover *bu(ng)ka(r)      
92 to open, uncover *timbak      
93 to pound, beat word info *tuqtuk   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *lambu(k)      
93 to pound, beat word info *tamba(k)      
94 to throw word info *re(m)bA(C)      
94 to throw word info *lengko(t?)      
95 to fall word info *(d)o(n)do(n)      
96 dog *asu   1  
97 bird *manuk      
97 bird *jangan (?)    
98 egg *tɨlluɣ      
99 feather *bulu      
100 wing *pani(C)      
101 to fly *luntu(s)      
102 rat *bala(b)o      
102 rat *b(V)lesu (?)    
103 meat/flesh *bau (?)    
103 meat/flesh *ɨ(n?)si      
104 fat/grease *miña(k)      
105 tail *i(ng)ko(C)      
106 snake *ulaɣ   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *ulɨ(t)   36  
108 louse word info *kutu      
109 mosquito *(ñ)amu(k)      
110 spider *lawa(2)      
111 fish *bale      
112 rotten word info *bosi      
112 rotten word info *buruk      
113 branch word info *tangke      
114 leaf *daun   1  
115 root *waka(t)      
116 flower *bunga      
117 fruit *bua      
118 grass *rumpu(C?)      
118 grass *(d)uku(t?)      
119 earth/soil *tana      
119 earth/soil litak      
120 stone *batu      
121 sand *bungin      
121 sand *kɨssi(C)   24  
121 sand *bone (?)    
122 water word info *wai      
123 to flow *(dr)olong      
123 to flow *loqlo(ɣ) ~ *luqlu(ɣ)      
123 to flow *solo(N)      
124 sea *lau(t) sea    
124 sea *tasik ocean    
125 salt *asin salty    
127 woods/forest *alas      
128 sky *langit      
129 moon *(b)ulan      
130 star *bintuin      
131 cloud word info *(b)ɨllun      
132 fog *sali(b)u(C) (?), fog, cloud    
133 rain *u(dr)an      
134 thunder *guntu(r)      
135 lightning *kila(t)      
136 wind *angin      
136 wind *bara(t) strong wind    
137 to blow word info *iri(C) to blow (of the wind)    
137 to blow word info *(b)ɨrru(N) ~ *bɨrru(C) to blow (with the mouth)    
138 warm word info *panas hot    
138 warm word info *pɨlla warm    
139 cold word info *dingin      
139 cold word info *dinding      
139 cold word info *(cs)ɨkke(C)      
140 dry word info *ma(zr)a      
141 wet *basa   1  
141 wet *busuk      
143 fire *api      
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
145 smoke word info *rambu   25  
145 smoke word info *rumbu   25  
146 ash *a(b)u      
147 black *ita(m)   1  
147 black *bolong      
147 black *lotong      
148 white *pute   1  
148 white *bulan      
149 red *cɨlla(k)      
150 yellow *ri(d)i      
151 green *kudara      
153 big *bɨssa(r) (?) 28  
153 big *kaia(ng)      
154 short word info *pu(ñ)ju(C)      
155 long word info *lambiɣ      
156 thin word info *nipis      
157 thick word info *kapal      
159 wide *luaɣ      
160 painful, sick *saki sick 1  
160 painful, sick *sa(k)i(t)   1  
160 painful, sick *(b)ia (?) pain    
160 painful, sick *gɨrring sick    
161 shy, ashamed *longko(t)      
161 shy, ashamed *siri(t?)      
162 old word info *tua      
163 new *baru      
164 good *(b)elo   68  
164 good *kɨssi(ng)      
164 good *pia      
165 bad, evil *jaat   1  
165 bad, evil *(ka-)dake (?)    
166 correct, true *tongAn      
167 night *bɨngngi      
168 day *ɨlzo   1, 59  
169 year *taun      
170 when? word info *pi(zr)a      
171 to hide word info *(b)uni   1  
172 to climb word info *dai(C)      
172 to climb word info *ende(k?) to go up    
172 to climb word info *te(ng)ki(C) to go up    
172 to climb word info *tukat      
173 at *di      
174 in, inside *(dr)alɨm      
175 above *ba(b)o 'top'    
176 below *(b)ui(C) 'underneath'    
180 far *bela      
181 where? word info *umba      
182 I *aku      
183 thou *ko      
184 he/she *ia   1  
185 we word info *kita inclusive    
185 we word info *kami exclusive    
188 what? word info *aga      
188 what? word info *apa      
190 other *lain      
191 all *asang      
191 all *manA(n)      
196 to count *bilang   1  
197 One word info *(ma-)isa      
198 Two word info *dua      
199 Three word info *tɨllu   1  
200 Four word info *ɨppa(t)      
201 Five word info *lima      
202 Six word info *ɨnnɨm      
203 Seven word info *pitu      
204 Eight word info *ka+(d)ua lit,. 'the second' (i.e., from ten)    
205 Nine word info *ka+misa lit,. 'the first' (i.e. from ten) 42  
205 Nine word info *ka+sera SA: lit. 'minus one': see Maloh sera 'one' 14  
206 Ten word info *pulo      
209 One Hundred word info *ratus      
210 One Thousand word info *riwu      
210 One Thousand word info *sɨbbu      
153 big *raya great 1 L?

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