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Language: Proto-South Sulawesi

Source/Author:  Frederick Roger Mills 
Notes:  Mills, Frederick Roger. Proto South Sulawesi and proto Austronesian phonology. Ph.D. dissertation. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, 1975. 
Problems:  SA: *tindo 'to sleep' (48) was labeled (1,70) but I changed that into (25). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:South Sulawesi 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 6 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *lima   1, 64  
2 left *kairi   1, 42  
3 right *kanan   1, 73  
4 leg/foot *aje      
4 leg/foot *bɨttis calf of the leg x  
4 leg/foot *bi(n)tis   x  
4 leg/foot *paa thigh    
5 to walk *lamba(C?)      
5 to walk *lingka      
6 road/path *(dr)alan      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info *balik      
9 to swim *langi   1  
10 dirty *carepa(C?) (?)    
10 dirty *rere      
10 dirty *ro(tc)as      
11 dust *a(b)u   1  
12 skin *kulit   1  
12 skin *balulang   64  
13 back word info *boko(t?)      
14 belly *bɨttang      
14 belly *ba-a(l,r)-imba 'chest, stomach'    
14 belly *kɨ(m)pong stomach    
14 belly *tambuk      
15 bone *buku      
16 intestines *pɨrru(t) (?)    
17 liver *ate 'heart; liver' 1  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *li(m)pi(C?)      
19 shoulder *salangga      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *insAn      
21 to think *kapa(N) think, suspect, maybe    
22 to fear *ra(ng)ke(C) (?) afraid    
22 to fear *ria(C?) afraid    
22 to fear *layA(C)      
23 blood *(dr)ara      
24 head *ulu   1  
25 neck *baroko      
25 neck *kɨllong   76  
26 hair word info *belu(b)ak      
27 nose *ilong (?)    
28 to breathe *ai(C) (?) 'breath, spirit'    
29 to sniff, smell *bau      
29 to sniff, smell *u(dr)ung      
30 mouth *timu      
31 tooth *isi   24, 75  
32 tongue *(dr)ila   4  
33 to laugh *tawa   1  
34 to cry      
35 to vomit *lua      
36 to spit *ti(ng)kudu      
37 to eat *kande      
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info *nasu   3  
39 to cook word info *tanak   1  
40 to drink *inum      
40 to drink *iru(p?) to sip, drink    
41 to bite *ki(ng)ki(t?)      
41 to bite *koqko(C) (?) 1, 32  
42 to suck *is(ɨu)(p?)      
42 to suck *miqmis      
43 ear *talinga   1  
43 ear *tuli(ng?)      
44 to hear      
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *kita      
46 to see *(bw)ile (?)    
47 to yawn *ngua(p?)      
48 to sleep *tindo   25  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream *i(m)pi      
51 to sit *dongko(C?)      
51 to sit *isung      
51 to sit *tuda(ng)      
52 to stand *tutu(ng)      
52 to stand *kɨdde(ɣ?)      
53 person/human being *tau   1  
54 man/male *laki   2  
55 woman/female *ba(b)ine woman, wife 1, 106  
55 woman/female *bai (?) female 1  
56 child *anak   1  
57 husband *langkai (?)    
58 wife *ba(b)ine      
59 mother *ina   1  
59 mother *andung      
59 mother *indo(C?)   10  
60 father *ama      
60 father *ambe(C?)      
60 father *ambo(C?)      
61 house *ruma      
61 house *bola (?)    
61 house *(d)asa(N)      
61 house *banua home    
61 house *sa(m?)po      
62 thatch/roof *atɨ(p?) 'roof' 1  
62 thatch/roof *bu(m)bung 'roof-peak'    
63 name *azan (?)    
64 to say *kua      
64 to say *kada      
65 rope *(d)anda(n)      
65 rope *ula(ng) (?)    
65 rope *kondali      
65 rope *tali      
66 to tie up, fasten *sangki(C)      
67 to sew word info *jait      
68 needle *jaru(m)      
69 to hunt word info *rɨngngAn (?)    
70 to shoot word info *tembak      
71 to stab, pierce *rɨ(n)zo(C)      
71 to stab, pierce *tobok      
72 to hit word info *kɨtto(k)      
72 to hit word info *tA(m)pas      
73 to steal *boko      
74 to kill *pate      
74 to kill *buno      
75 to die, be dead *mate dead    
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info *bɨ(dr)e(C)      
78 to cut, hack word info *iras      
78 to cut, hack word info *iris      
79 stick/wood *kayu wood, tree    
79 stick/wood *tɨkkɨn      
80 to split word info *bɨtta      
80 to split word info *bɨ(ng)ka      
80 to split word info *bika(C?) (?)    
80 to split word info *bisak to chop wood    
80 to split word info *po(ng?)ka      
81 sharp *ta(dr)ɨ(m)      
82 dull, blunt *kundu      
83 to work word info *jama      
83 to work word info *reso      
83 to work word info *gau(k?)      
84 to plant *tanɨm   2  
85 to choose *pile      
86 to grow word info *tu(b)o      
86 to grow word info *bɨ(ng)ka(r) raise, open up    
87 to swell word info *bɨngkak      
87 to swell word info *kAmbang   20  
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info *gɨnggɨ(m)      
89 to hold word info *kɨngkɨ(m)      
90 to dig *kali      
91 to buy *(b)ɨlli      
92 to open, uncover *buka (?)    
92 to open, uncover *bu(ng)ka(r)      
92 to open, uncover *timbak      
93 to pound, beat word info *tuqtuk   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *lambu(k)      
93 to pound, beat word info *tamba(k)      
94 to throw word info *re(m)bA(C)      
94 to throw word info *lengko(t?)      
95 to fall word info *(d)o(n)do(n)      
96 dog *asu   1  
97 bird *manuk      
97 bird *jangan (?)    
98 egg *tɨlluɣ      
99 feather *bulu      
100 wing *pani(C)      
101 to fly *luntu(s)      
102 rat *bala(b)o      
102 rat *b(V)lesu (?)    
103 meat/flesh *bau (?)    
103 meat/flesh *ɨ(n?)si      
104 fat/grease *miña(k)      
105 tail *i(ng)ko(C)      
106 snake *ulaɣ   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *ulɨ(t)   36  
108 louse word info *kutu      
109 mosquito *(ñ)amu(k)      
110 spider *lawa(2)      
111 fish *bale      
112 rotten word info *bosi      
112 rotten word info *buruk      
113 branch word info *tangke      
114 leaf *daun   1  
115 root *waka(t)      
116 flower *bunga      
117 fruit *bua      
118 grass *rumpu(C?)      
118 grass *(d)uku(t?)      
119 earth/soil *tana      
119 earth/soil litak      
120 stone *batu      
121 sand *bungin      
121 sand *kɨssi(C)   24  
121 sand *bone (?)    
122 water word info *wai      
123 to flow *(dr)olong      
123 to flow *loqlo(ɣ) ~ *luqlu(ɣ)      
123 to flow *solo(N)      
124 sea *lau(t) sea    
124 sea *tasik ocean    
125 salt *asin salty    
126 lake      
127 woods/forest *alas      
128 sky *langit      
129 moon *(b)ulan      
130 star *bintuin      
131 cloud word info *(b)ɨllun      
132 fog *sali(b)u(C) (?), fog, cloud    
133 rain *u(dr)an      
134 thunder *guntu(r)      
135 lightning *kila(t)      
136 wind *angin      
136 wind *bara(t) strong wind    
137 to blow word info *iri(C) to blow (of the wind)    
137 to blow word info *(b)ɨrru(N) ~ *bɨrru(C) to blow (with the mouth)    
138 warm word info *panas hot    
138 warm word info *pɨlla warm    
139 cold word info *dingin      
139 cold word info *dinding      
139 cold word info *(cs)ɨkke(C)      
140 dry word info *ma(zr)a      
141 wet *basa   1  
141 wet *busuk      
142 heavy      
143 fire *api      
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
145 smoke word info *rambu   25  
145 smoke word info *rumbu   25  
146 ash *a(b)u      
147 black *ita(m)   1  
147 black *bolong      
147 black *lotong      
148 white *pute   1  
148 white *bulan      
149 red *cɨlla(k)      
150 yellow *ri(d)i      
151 green *kudara      
152 small      
153 big *bɨssa(r) (?) 28  
153 big *raya great 1 L?
153 big *kaia(ng)      
154 short word info *pu(ñ)ju(C)      
155 long word info *lambiɣ      
156 thin word info *nipis      
157 thick word info *kapal      
158 narrow      
159 wide *luaɣ      
160 painful, sick *saki sick 1  
160 painful, sick *sa(k)i(t)   1  
160 painful, sick *(b)ia (?) pain    
160 painful, sick *gɨrring sick    
161 shy, ashamed *longko(t)      
161 shy, ashamed *siri(t?)      
162 old word info *tua      
163 new *baru      
164 good *(b)elo   68  
164 good *kɨssi(ng)      
164 good *pia      
165 bad, evil *jaat   1  
165 bad, evil *(ka-)dake (?)    
166 correct, true *tongAn      
167 night *bɨngngi      
168 day *ɨlzo   1, 59  
169 year *taun      
170 when? word info *pi(zr)a      
171 to hide word info *(b)uni   1  
172 to climb word info *dai(C)      
172 to climb word info *ende(k?) to go up    
172 to climb word info *te(ng)ki(C) to go up    
172 to climb word info *tukat      
173 at *di      
174 in, inside *(dr)alɨm      
175 above *ba(b)o 'top'    
176 below *(b)ui(C) 'underneath'    
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far *bela      
181 where? word info *umba      
182 I *aku      
183 thou *ko      
184 he/she *ia   1  
185 we word info *kita inclusive    
185 we word info *kami exclusive    
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info *aga      
188 what? word info *apa      
189 who? word info      
190 other *lain      
191 all *asang      
191 all *manA(n)      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count *bilang   1  
197 One word info *(ma-)isa      
198 Two word info *dua      
199 Three word info *tɨllu   1  
200 Four word info *ɨppa(t)      
201 Five word info *lima      
202 Six word info *ɨnnɨm      
203 Seven word info *pitu      
204 Eight word info *ka+(d)ua lit,. 'the second' (i.e., from ten)    
205 Nine word info *ka+misa lit,. 'the first' (i.e. from ten) 42  
205 Nine word info *ka+sera SA: lit. 'minus one': see Maloh sera 'one' 14  
206 Ten word info *pulo      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info *ratus      
210 One Thousand word info *riwu      
210 One Thousand word info *sɨbbu      

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