https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Piva

Source/Author:  PC Lincoln 
Notes:  v [bilabial]
[r] [l] = /r/
[glottal stop] /'/
morphological analysis incomplete
 
Problems:  e, a, vi [added to many words?]
/gh/ [Ɣ], /ng/ [ŋ], /g/ [g]; voiced velar fricative, nasal, and stop all phonemic and sometimes confused
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Piet Lincoln  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic:Piva-Banoni 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

Showing 3 of 62 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand numa-gu   1  
2 left tololo-gu   66  
3 right matau-gu   5, 13  
4 leg/foot eva-gu   67  
4 leg/foot evi-gu   67  
5 to walk taghana      
6 road/path laimi      
7 to come numai   1  
8 to turn word info taberu      
9 to swim kepene sisiu 'wash, bathe'    
10 dirty vikoipi vi- [prefixal?]    
11 dust vipoga vi- [prefixal?] 1  
12 skin ghuni-gu   1  
13 back word info taghunu-gu   12  
14 belly sopagu   17  
15 bone sipanna   73  
16 intestines kikirono      
17 liver eviate e- [article]vi- [prefixal?] 1  
18 breast evisu e- [article]vi- [prefixal?] 1  
19 shoulder vionoko      
20 to know, be knowledgeable kinai   18  
21 to think vikinai      
22 to fear minago      
23 blood marana      
24 head tope-gu      
25 neck ngio-m -m 'thy'    
26 hair word info evunu-gu   31  
27 nose evisu-gu   1  
28 to breathe wughasa   66  
29 to sniff, smell ghabo      
30 mouth viasene      
31 tooth noki   67  
32 tongue mea   7  
33 to laugh vimai      
34 to cry tanisi   1  
35 to vomit vimuta   1  
36 to spit kinogo      
37 to eat tam eat starch / staples' 40  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info kekaru      
40 to drink ku   30  
41 to bite kanata   1  
42 to suck wakoi      
43 ear tagina-gu taŋina [expected] 1  
44 to hear nongono   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see katoa      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep tee      
49 to lie down word info kapurona      
50 to dream tatara   16  
51 to sit gona      
52 to stand tsughonu   2  
53 person/human being natavana   47  
54 man/male tsioni   46, 68  
55 woman/female maunu   11  
56 child penana      
57 husband ana tsioni   56  
58 wife ana maunu   45  
59 mother a tsinana   1  
60 father a tamana   1  
61 house nuuma   1  
62 thatch/roof      
63 name wasanga   1, 18  
64 to say vidagha      
65 rope kirono      
66 to tie up, fasten tsiboria kirono      
67 to sew word info kabea   49  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info wakavinu for pig    
70 to shoot word info kúm   32  
71 to stab, pierce kúm      
72 to hit word info vitoa      
73 to steal butia      
74 to kill atuna   18  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive sabiri      
77 to scratch word info vimatakono      
78 to cut, hack word info pepeghi cut with knife    
79 stick/wood vitono      
80 to split word info potakia   41  
81 sharp kekanata   69  
82 dull, blunt beboko      
83 to work word info viwoka < TP wok < E work   L
84 to plant nebea      
85 to choose poai to tsuangiana      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info tubu   12  
88 to squeeze word info pisu   31  
89 to hold word info mosoa      
90 to dig tsugia      
91 to buy ebunava   38  
92 to open, uncover gholasia      
93 to pound, beat word info tsua   20  
94 to throw word info nuvuna      
95 to fall word info podongo   78  
96 dog vidaga vi- [prefixal?]    
97 bird manughu   1  
98 egg epanusu   46  
99 feather epuata   51  
100 wing ebaina   16  
101 to fly bururu ?*Ropok [metath?] 29  
102 rat akisova a [article] 3  
103 meat/flesh sighona      
104 fat/grease milingi   66  
105 tail kulena   27  
106 snake kolu   21  
107 worm (earthworm) koluavono      
108 louse word info ghutsu   1  
109 mosquito vinogho      
110 spider akadovi [article] ?    
111 fish ebosi e [article] 70  
112 rotten word info viatanga vi- [prefixal?]    
113 branch word info      
114 leaf evagini e [article]    
115 root viaputu      
116 flower buaɁana [glottal stop] 1  
117 fruit evatsuna e [article] 8  
118 grass komaru      
119 earth/soil vipeta vi- [prefixal?]    
120 stone palatsi   30  
121 sand evuini e [article]    
122 water word info koromo   7  
123 to flow wapikupiku      
124 sea tagisi *tasik [metath?] 1  
125 salt akuto      
126 lake tabanana      
127 woods/forest marupa      
128 sky nanitsi   1  
129 moon amadawa   40  
130 star pipito   1, 81  
131 cloud word info vikabu vi- [prefixal?], *kaput    
132 fog nikuta   83  
132 fog nukuta   83  
133 rain gharaghu   24  
134 thunder epina e [article], ?*p(w)ilak 'lightning' 23  
135 lightning kanava   14  
136 wind tsighuvu      
137 to blow word info tsopughu wind 82  
138 warm word info waisiki   29  
139 cold word info omenaga      
140 dry word info koraga      
141 wet sagumana      
142 heavy papatanga   46, 80  
143 fire dzai   1  
144 to burn word info tsumoko [intrans]    
145 smoke word info eviaso   2  
146 ash ghavutana   68  
147 black ninupi      
148 white kakata      
149 red memerana   1  
150 yellow ghari      
151 green bebune   17  
152 small pasuru      
153 big loata   10  
154 short word info kukubunu   72  
155 long word info gheghaleghe      
156 thin word info ameame      
157 thick word info pepautsu      
158 narrow waikirumu      
159 wide tarabana   3  
160 painful, sick vikamaliki      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info kotavana      
163 new evaunu   1  
164 good lovi      
165 bad, evil sabau   57  
166 correct, true magoto   13  
167 night boŋi   1  
168 day korisai   68  
169 year namare loan from Nagovisi (not AN), but should be treated as shared innovation 57  
170 when? word info nasina metathesis 1, 24  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside ekugona      
175 above eghaleghe e [article] 28?  
176 below epeta e [article]    
177 this nanai      
178 that eia      
179 near kesuruuna      
180 far kesiagana      
181 where? word info viaie   3, 35  
182 I ana   1, 22  
183 thou agoi   1  
184 he/she ane   1, 6  
185 we word info aghaita   1  
185 we word info amam   2  
186 you agham   1  
187 they alia   25  
188 what? word info eka'e [glottal stop]    
189 who? word info asee a [article] 1  
190 other mamisa      
191 all ane kota      
192 and kona      
193 if wasi nana kenau      
194 how? word info vekoghaveiagoi e?      
195 no, not ka'ana [glottal stop]    
196 to count pasia      
197 One word info kadaken   52  
198 Two word info tonua   1  
199 Three word info topisa pisa [loan] 4  
200 Four word info evati   1, 65  
201 Five word info niima   1  
202 Six word info ebena bena 'cross over' 22  
203 Seven word info benatonua ...*rua    
204 Eight word info benatapisa      
205 Nine word info sia *wisa [metath.] 5  
206 Ten word info manogha   18  
207 Twenty word info manogha tonua      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info nasusu kadaken hundred one, *Ratus ?    
210 One Thousand word info nasusu maogha hundred ten, *Ratus ?    

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