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Language: Cham, Western

Source/Author:  Kvoeu-Hor, Timothy Friberg 
Notes:  Kvoeu-Hor and Timothy Friberg. 1978. Bôh panuaik Chăm / Ngữ-vựng Chàm / Western Chàm vocabulary. Huntington Beach, CA: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Western Cham is spoken in throughout central Cambodia and in the Châu Đốc area of An Giang Province, Vietnam, bordering the Cambodian border. Data was collected from 1969-1974 by Timothy and Barbara Friberg, much of which is from their main informant Kvoeu-Hor. The script is adapted from Vietnamese Quốc Ngữ orthography. Only 250 copies of the book were printed.

/ɓ/ = voiced bilabial preglottalized stop
/ɗ/ = voiced alveolar preglottalized stop
/dj/ = voiced palatal preglottalized stop

Breves indicate short vowels. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Chamic:Chamic:Coastal:Cham 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand tangơn   18  
2 left iu      
3 right hanuưk     L
4 leg/foot le leg    
4 leg/foot pha thigh    
5 to walk gabak      
5 to walk nao takai      
6 road/path jalan   1  
7 to come mai   1  
8 to turn word info nheh      
9 to swim chaluai      
10 dirty pahĕk      
10 dirty sôc grôc      
11 dust dhŭl      
12 skin klik      
13 back word info rŏng lower back    
14 belly tean   1  
15 bone talang   1  
16 intestines tung      
17 liver tai   1  
18 breast tasau   1  
19 shoulder bra      
20 to know, be knowledgeable thau   1  
21 to think sanơng      
22 to fear huaik      
23 blood darah   1  
24 head kŏk      
25 neck takuai   55  
26 hair word info ɓuk      
27 nose bôh dung bôh = fruit    
28 to breathe soak yawa   1  
28 to breathe bluh      
29 to sniff, smell chum      
30 mouth chaɓuai      
31 tooth dagay      
32 tongue dalah   4  
33 to laugh klao smile, laugh    
34 to cry chŏk cf. Vietnamese khóc    
35 to vomit      
36 to spit tachuh      
36 to spit tachuik      
37 to eat ɓơng      
38 to chew word info mamưh      
39 to cook word info tanơk bai to cook 1  
39 to cook word info tŭk to boil    
40 to drink manhum nh = ñ    
41 to bite kĕk      
42 to suck djuk      
43 ear tanhư      
44 to hear hamĭt      
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see ɓôh to see, perceive    
46 to see iauk to look at    
47 to yawn uk      
48 to sleep ɗih wăr      
49 to lie down word info ɗih      
50 to dream ɗih lapay      
51 to sit dok la   35  
52 to stand dok dơng      
53 person/human being manus Sanskrit    
54 man/male lakay   2  
55 woman/female kamay   126  
56 child nưk   1  
57 husband pasang      
58 wife diuk      
59 mother măk   35  
59 mother mek   35  
60 father yah   22  
60 father   1  
61 house sang      
62 thatch/roof pabung      
63 name ngăn      
64 to say mayai      
64 to say laik      
65 rope talay pua      
66 to tie up, fasten kăk      
66 to tie up, fasten chauk      
67 to sew word info jhik      
68 needle jrum   1  
69 to hunt word info doah chuh      
70 to shoot word info panưh   1  
71 to stab, pierce klauk      
72 to hit word info tong      
73 to steal klĕk      
74 to kill pamatai      
75 to die, be dead matai   1  
76 to live, be alive diuk   1  
77 to scratch word info garao   55  
78 to cut, hack word info tăk to chop down (trees)    
79 stick/wood kayau wood    
79 stick/wood phŭn tree    
80 to split word info blah split, chop, cut (wood)    
81 sharp hluak      
82 dull, blunt tabêl      
83 to work word info brŭk noun    
84 to plant pla   25  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info tamuh   1  
87 to swell word info barah   1  
88 to squeeze word info eak      
88 to squeeze word info chapĕt      
89 to hold word info păn      
90 to dig tajŭk      
91 to buy blay      
92 to open, uncover pơh      
93 to pound, beat word info tauk      
94 to throw word info bik      
95 to fall word info lĕk fall, drop    
95 to fall word info jruh fall, drop (of fruit or leaves)    
96 dog sau   1  
97 bird chĭm păr bird (chĭm < Mon-Khmer)   L
97 bird manŭk chicken 1  
98 egg bôh      
99 feather blau      
100 wing chheauk chh = aspirated ch    
101 to fly păr      
102 rat takuh      
103 meat/flesh ralo      
104 fat/grease lamơk fat    
104 fat/grease manhưk oil    
105 tail hla ku      
106 snake la      
107 worm (earthworm) lanơng earthworm    
108 louse word info katau      
109 mosquito jamŏk      
109 mosquito jamŭk      
110 spider galamưng      
111 fish kan      
112 rotten word info brŭk      
112 rotten word info phui      
113 branch word info dhan      
114 leaf hla Mon-Khmer loanword 61  
115 root gha      
116 flower bangur      
117 fruit bôh      
118 grass rơk      
119 earth/soil tanưh      
120 stone patau      
121 sand hluk choah      
122 water word info ea      
123 to flow ɗuaik      
124 sea tasik prung      
125 salt sra      
126 lake ɓơng      
127 woods/forest glai      
128 sky langik      
129 moon blan month, season    
129 moon ea blan moon    
130 star patŭk      
131 cloud word info eh ngĭn      
132 fog sauk ea      
133 rain jan      
134 thunder grơm      
135 lightning săng ganư      
136 wind ngĭn      
137 to blow word info bah      
138 warm word info paɗeak hot    
139 cold word info la-ăn cool    
139 cold word info la-ăn lô cold    
140 dry word info thu      
141 wet pasah   1  
142 heavy trauk      
143 fire pui      
144 to burn word info pui ɓơng ɓơng = to eat    
145 smoke word info sauk      
146 ash bau      
147 black juk      
148 white patih   1  
149 red mareah      
150 yellow katŏm      
151 green jao green/blue (Vietnamese: xanh)    
152 small sit      
153 big prung      
154 short word info bia height    
154 short word info panak length 1  
155 long word info tah   38  
156 thin word info lapih      
157 thick word info kapal   1  
158 narrow ganiưk      
159 wide lanưng      
160 painful, sick paɗik painful    
160 painful, sick roak sick    
161 shy, ashamed malau      
162 old word info taha      
163 new bahau      
164 good seam      
165 bad, evil kadjah      
166 correct, true djauk correct    
166 correct, true beak true    
167 night malăm      
168 day hray day    
168 day ea hray sun    
169 year thŭn      
170 when? word info guan hlay      
171 to hide word info dauk transitive: padauk    
172 to climb word info ɗik      
173 at moh      
174 in, inside dalăm      
175 above gah ngŏk      
176 below gah la      
177 this ni   1  
178 that nơn medial    
178 that dêh distal    
179 near jĕk   69  
180 far tah      
181 where? word info moh hlay      
182 I hlŭn   27  
182 I hulĭn   27  
183 thou      
184 he/she nhu      
185 we word info dray      
186 you      
187 they nhu      
188 what? word info gêk      
189 who? word info hai      
190 other      
191 all tŏng bih      
192 and hŏng      
193 if yah laik      
194 how? word info yau băr      
195 no, not ô      
196 to count tŏng bih   31  
197 One word info sa   1  
198 Two word info doa      
199 Three word info klau      
200 Four word info pak      
201 Five word info lamư      
202 Six word info năm      
203 Seven word info tajuh   4  
204 Eight word info tapăn   34  
205 Nine word info samlăn   10  
206 Ten word info ha pluh   5  
207 Twenty word info doa pluh      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info ha ratuh      
210 One Thousand word info rabau      

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