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Language: Maloh

Source/Author:  Blust, from King (1976) 
Notes:  King, Victor T. 1976. The Maloh language: a
vocabulary and summary of the literature. The Sarawak Museum Journal 24.45(N.S.):137-171. 
Problems:  SA: Maloh is closely related to South Sulawesi languages (Adelaar 1994, 1995). (relationship is blurred by the strong Malay (and/or Iban) lexical influence).  
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill + Sander Adelaar 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:South Sulawesi:Bugis:Tamanic 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 63 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand taŋan   18  
2 left kayoko      
3 right kato   5, 40  
4 leg/foot kaki Malay loan? 1, 32  
5 to walk lambaʔ   42  
6 road/path dalan   1  
7 to come mondok      
8 to turn word info lempaŋ      
9 to swim arananaŋ   23?  
10 dirty kotor   31 L
11 dust      
12 skin kulit   1  
13 back word info balakaŋ   27  
14 belly bataŋ   29  
15 bone tulaŋ   1  
16 intestines parut   23  
17 liver até   1  
18 breast susu   1  
18 breast aro chest (identical in Buginese)    
19 shoulder babaŋ   19  
20 to know, be knowledgeable tamu   1?  
21 to think bapikir SA: < Malay < Arabic 22 L
22 to fear takut   1  
23 blood daraʔ   1  
24 head ulu   1  
25 neck kaloŋ SA: cf. Buginese əlloŋ 76  
26 hair word info búk   1  
27 nose iŋar SA: cf. Buginese iŋəʔ 76  
28 to breathe batak ñawa   1  
29 to sniff, smell mambu   25  
30 mouth babaʔ   1  
31 tooth isi SA: cf. Buginese isi 24, 75  
32 tongue lilaʔ   4  
33 to laugh tatawa   1  
34 to cry a-naŋis   1  
35 to vomit talimbuak   1?  
36 to spit ma-lasuʔ      
37 to eat aŋkán < aN- + kaan 1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info mapiaŋ      
39 to cook word info riko      
40 to drink ma-iñum   1  
41 to bite kokot   1, 32  
41 to bite siap      
42 to suck mañusuʔ   1  
43 ear taliŋa   1  
44 to hear man-daliŋa   1, 81  
44 to hear liŋar      
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see bélé      
47 to yawn ma-uap   19  
48 to sleep tindoʔ SA: cf. Buginese ma-tinroʔ 25  
49 to lie down word info arabaʔ   107  
50 to dream mui      
51 to sit dudúk   35  
52 to stand kadeŋ      
53 person/human being mantuari   1  
53 person/human being tau   1  
54 man/male babaka      
55 woman/female babaiʔiŋé   1, 106  
56 child anak   1  
57 husband baka      
57 husband laki   28  
58 wife baiʔiŋé   5  
59 mother induʔ   10  
60 father amaʔ   1  
61 house sau   3  
62 thatch/roof tuduŋ      
63 name asan SA: cf. Buginese asəŋ 1, 54  
64 to say jarum      
65 rope tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten miŋket   1  
67 to sew word info mandait   2  
68 needle darum   1  
69 to hunt word info mansuʔ   36  
70 to shoot word info manimbak   49  
71 to stab, pierce majuk      
72 to hit word info sigusu      
73 to steal kalit   57, 2  
74 to kill bunoʔ   1  
75 to die, be dead maté   1  
76 to live, be alive idup X = Malay interference 1, 81  
76 to live, be alive tio' = default term 20  
77 to scratch word info maŋauʔ   1?  
78 to cut, hack word info papas      
79 stick/wood kayu   1  
80 to split word info balaʔ   1  
81 sharp [ba]taram   1  
82 dull, blunt atimbin      
83 to work word info karaja   23 L
84 to plant tanam   2  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info kambaŋ   20  
88 to squeeze word info mamaras   42  
89 to hold word info maŋkam   1  
90 to dig maŋali   1  
91 to buy bali   1  
92 to open, uncover ilǎkeini      
93 to pound, beat word info manutuk < tutuk 2  
94 to throw word info mamantik      
95 to fall word info alau      
95 to fall word info arabaʔ      
96 dog asu   1  
97 bird buroŋ < Malay 17 L
98 egg intaror   1  
99 feather bulu   1  
100 wing sáp SA: loss of *y is regular 26  
101 to fly min/sap SA: loss of *y is regular 23  
102 rat balau   1  
103 meat/flesh isiʔ   31  
104 fat/grease -iñak   1  
105 tail iŋko   1  
106 snake urar   2  
107 worm (earthworm) ulas   36  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito ñamuk   1  
110 spider lalawaʔ   1  
111 fish lauh   14  
111 fish lauk   14  
112 rotten word info ba-uruk   1  
112 rotten word info buruk   1  
113 branch word info dán   1  
114 leaf daun   1  
115 root urat   1  
116 flower buŋa   1  
117 fruit buaʔ   1  
118 grass rimput   27  
119 earth/soil tanaʔ   1  
120 stone batu   1  
121 sand kasik   24  
122 water word info danum   1  
123 to flow aréaŋ      
124 sea roŋ jawa      
125 salt siaʔ   1  
126 lake dano   1  
127 woods/forest toan   30  
128 sky suan      
129 moon bulan   1  
130 star bintaŋ   1  
131 cloud word info dom      
132 fog aun   27  
133 rain so|uran SA: < aso uran 1  
134 thunder dalak      
135 lightning kilat   1  
136 wind so|aŋin SA: < aso aŋin 1  
137 to blow word info tiap   1?  
138 warm word info panas   1  
138 warm word info sisiak      
139 cold word info diŋin   1  
140 dry word info kariŋ   22  
141 wet      
142 heavy borat   1  
143 fire api   1  
144 to burn word info tutuŋ   1, 94  
145 smoke word info rimbu   25  
146 ash kutuan      
147 black intarum      
148 white ba|uté   1  
149 red dadaraʔ      
150 yellow tantamuan SA: colour of curcuma    
151 green mamata   1  
152 small kéké      
153 big bará SA: < ba- + *Raya 1  
154 short word info pandak   1  
155 long word info [ba]laŋké      
156 thin word info nipís   1  
157 thick word info [ba]tabal   1  
158 narrow supit   68  
159 wide ribar     L
160 painful, sick padis   23  
161 shy, ashamed bawaʔ < ba- awaʔ    
162 old word info toa   1  
163 new baru   1  
164 good mám      
165 bad, evil ajau SA: diphthong. not unusual but Iban has jai' 1? L?
166 correct, true tapat      
167 night malam   20  
168 day aso SA: cf. Buginese əsso 1, 59  
169 year taun   1  
170 when? word info endisi      
171 to hide word info lamun      
172 to climb word info ambit      
173 at i/di   20, 1  
174 in, inside i/di      
174 in, inside ilalam   1  
175 above ibo SA: suspect: don't recognise this word 2?  
175 above i-aset SA: this is default term 62  
176 below iyauŋ < *i auŋ, cf. Tae dioŋ    
177 this indiʔ   1  
178 that indin      
179 near insoʔ      
180 far ba|jau   1  
181 where? word info daínsi      
182 I iak SA: cf. Buginese -ia' 1, 32  
183 thou iko   1  
184 he/she ia   1  
185 we word info ikiʔ (a) 1  
185 we word info ikam (b) 2, 69  
186 you ikin      
187 they ira   1  
188 what? word info aisi   1  
188 what? word info aisana   1  
189 who? word info intaín      
190 other lán   2  
191 all kausan      
191 all samua SA: < Malay, ult. < Sanskrit 33 L
192 and nana   15  
193 if atiʔ      
194 how? word info aisi loʔa      
195 no, not bokan   26  
195 no, not naʔan   31  
196 to count maŋoroŋ   31?  
197 One word info sera SA: cf. Tae sera 'nine' and Buginese a-sera' 'nine' (ten minus one) and ? Makassar se're 'one' 1, 84  
197 One word info insa   1  
198 Two word info dua   1  
199 Three word info talu   1  
200 Four word info ampat   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info anam      
203 Seven word info tujuʔ   4  
204 Eight word info lapan      
205 Nine word info samilan   10  
205 Nine word info salapan (obsolete) 41  
206 Ten word info sa-puloʔ   5  
207 Twenty word info dua puloʔ   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info lima puloʔ      
209 One Hundred word info sa-ratus   4  
210 One Thousand word info sa-ribu   5  

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