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Language: Rukai (Mantauran L04)

Source/Author:  Li (2004) 
Notes:  Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. "Basic Vocabulary for Formosan Languages and Dialects." In Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. Selected Papers on Formosan Languages. Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 205
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Rukai 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 21 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ɭahaɭə   43  
191 all poəɭəɭə      
192 and la   22  
146 ash avo   1  
173 at      
13 back word info ðəɭəhə   71  
165 bad, evil matakoɭa   63  
14 belly varaŋə   67  
176 below aləvə   66  
153 big matoalai      
97 bird aɭamə   2  
147 black maəcəɭaŋə   2  
23 blood əray   40  
15 bone paŋoɭo      
113 branch word info pilaka   38  
18 breast soso   1  
56 child ɭolay   20  
131 cloud word info kəməʔə   80?  
139 cold word info makəcəɭə   2  
166 correct, true topoðaolaə      
168 day aliðaaʔə day 1  
168 day koliʔi sun 40  
10 dirty makoðoɭo   91  
96 dog taʔoɭo      
140 dry word info maʔaŋəŋə   1  
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear caɭiŋa   1  
119 earth/soil vəkənəɭə ground    
98 egg karaðoɭo      
204 Eight word info vaɭo   3  
45 eye maca eyeball 1  
180 far maʔaðaili   2  
104 fat/grease ʔimaʔa   2  
60 father ama term of reference 1  
60 father amakə term of address 1  
99 feather ciarə      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire apoi   1  
111 fish kaʔaŋə   3  
201 Five word info ɭima   1  
116 flower      
132 fog      
200 Four word info patə   1  
117 fruit maðo   2  
164 good mataaðiʔi   78?  
118 grass ʔoɭao   63  
151 green maʔaləkəʔəkə   56  
26 hair word info ioʔo   50  
1 hand aɭima   1  
184 he/she aaŋani proximal 16  
24 head cokonoro      
142 heavy maðəʔəɭəhə   49  
61 house ðaʔanə   41  
194 how? word info apokoa ni   44?  
194 how? word info pokoa   44?  
57 husband      
182 I -ɭao   x  
182 I -nao   x  
193 if lani      
174 in, inside ʔaðiŋi   38  
16 intestines voro small intestine 53  
16 intestines tatosərəkaə large intestine    
126 lake vaɭo   30  
114 leaf liʔaŋə      
2 left iriə   1  
4 leg/foot okoko   46  
135 lightning ɭikaɭikacə   89  
17 liver asay   1  
155 long word info ʔosaŋəðaʔa   66  
108 louse word info koco   1  
54 man/male ʔaolay   1, 108  
103 meat/flesh ɭoho      
129 moon ðamarə   25  
109 mosquito alalikisi      
59 mother ina term of reference 1  
59 mother inakə term of address 1  
30 mouth ŋoðoi   71  
63 name aɭacə   33  
158 narrow makələsə   51  
179 near maʔaðiiðali   1  
25 neck ɭəʔə   1  
68 needle inəmay   22  
163 new vaoʔaə   1  
167 night maoŋo   2  
205 Nine word info vaŋatə   8  
195 no, not ʔaina no 3  
195 no, not kai not 86  
27 nose ŋoŋoʔo   27?  
162 old word info maroðaŋə   130  
197 One word info nəka      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other ðoma   1  
160 painful, sick macaʔəmə   3  
53 person/human being      
133 rain ðaʔolo   1  
102 rat koɭavao   1  
149 red maðiliaŋə   50, 75  
3 right analaə   1  
6 road/path vaɭəvaɭəʔaə      
115 root ʔamici   3  
65 rope caiʔi   1  
112 rotten word info malaməkə   80  
125 salt timo   2  
121 sand ənay   1  
124 sea vaɭo   54  
203 Seven word info pito   1  
81 sharp movaʔəɭə      
154 short word info ʔoəkəəkəðə   14  
19 shoulder aliaðaŋaaə   49  
161 shy, ashamed ʔiniaə      
202 Six word info nəmə   1  
12 skin piciŋi   63  
128 sky tavələŋaə   56  
152 small masiʔi   84  
145 smoke word info loto      
106 snake ʔoɭaʔa   2  
110 spider takələsai < *(taka)lawas 1, 75  
130 star tario   45  
79 stick/wood ʔaŋato tree, wood 18  
120 stone ɭənəhə   34  
105 tail ʔiko   1  
206 Ten word info poɭoko   5  
178 that aanai   23?  
62 thatch/roof caɭai   2  
187 they aaŋalini proximal    
157 thick word info maɭiʔəməðə   37  
156 thin word info      
177 this ʔinaʔi   1  
183 thou -ʔo   x  
199 Three word info toɭo   1  
134 thunder ðəðərə   4  
41 to bite okaʔacə   1  
137 to blow word info ovoʔoto   35  
28 to breathe mainəakə   59  
144 to burn word info ʔolovo   78  
91 to buy olaŋay   40  
38 to chew word info oapoʔo to chew betel 50  
85 to choose opiɭi   1  
172 to climb word info moɭahaɭə   40  
7 to come motaʔaləvə      
39 to cook word info osisiʔi   76  
196 to count waʔipi   3  
34 to cry otobi [v] expected for [b] -EG 54  
78 to cut, hack word info osiavə   39  
75 to die, be dead maʔətə L? Would expect medial [s] or [c]. -EG    
90 to dig okorokoro   43  
50 to dream oʔipi   1  
40 to drink oʔoŋolo   45  
37 to eat okanə   1  
95 to fall word info mapipi      
22 to fear okoloðo   57  
123 to flow moloðo   25  
101 to fly ʔinipalai   49  
86 to grow word info ʔosaŋəðaʔa also means 'long'    
44 to hear osialaɭa   52  
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info otoovoŋo      
72 to hit word info okəɭakəɭaŋə      
89 to hold word info oəcəŋə   78  
89 to hold word info oɭoho      
69 to hunt word info oalopo   1  
74 to kill matəʔətə      
20 to know, be knowledgeable oɭihoʔo   72  
33 to laugh maʔomao      
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive moðipi   1  
92 to open, uncover oʔələvə   52, 51  
84 to plant oɭəðəkə   54  
93 to pound, beat word info ʔoɭovoʔo   34  
64 to say ʔaovaovaha   101  
77 to scratch word info okakaʔo   1  
46 to see ocəŋklə   77  
67 to sew word info ocikipi -ipi? -EG 57?  
70 to shoot word info opana   1  
51 to sit tolohoɭaə      
48 to sleep oʔapəcə   77  
29 to sniff, smell oʔavaɭi   3  
36 to spit ʔoŋaɭai   3  
80 to split word info ovocoko   67  
88 to squeeze word info opəʔə   1  
71 to stab, pierce oraʔavahə   71  
52 to stand iðiʔi   1  
73 to steal okoʔopa   37  
42 to suck osəpəsəpə   1  
87 to swell word info ʔovaɭakə   46  
9 to swim olaŋoi   1  
21 to think apaʔiiðəəðəðəmə   13, 58  
94 to throw word info olaŋopai      
66 to tie up, fasten oəvəhə   72  
8 to turn word info ʔinipaɭici   103  
35 to vomit oʔoaðə   1  
5 to walk oðaacə   23  
83 to work word info ʔaðiðapaə   63?  
47 to yawn maoʔovo   19  
32 tongue ɭiðamə   3  
31 tooth aliʔi   2  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info nosa Expected [ðo(ʔ)a] -EG 1? L?
138 warm word info maɭapaʔa hot 80  
122 water word info acilay   46  
185 we word info aaŋata inclusive 1  
185 we word info kata inclusive 1  
185 we word info -nai exclusive x  
141 wet maəsəŋə   75?  
188 what? word info kaanani      
170 when? word info ʔiðaə future 1  
170 when? word info kalaʔomaəða past    
181 where? word info aikiəni   55  
148 white mapoli   111  
189 who? word info aŋai      
159 wide maɭipalaʔa   23  
58 wife      
136 wind vəʔəvəʔə      
100 wing ciarə      
55 woman/female ʔavay   1  
127 woods/forest      
107 worm (earthworm) atoɭiki   20  
169 year caili   22  
150 yellow      
186 you -nomi   x  

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