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Language: Rukai (Mantauran L04)

Source/Author:  Li (2004) 
Notes:  Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. "Basic Vocabulary for Formosan Languages and Dialects." In Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. Selected Papers on Formosan Languages. Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 205
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Rukai 
Map 
 

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Change History:

Showing 3 of 21 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand aɭima   1  
2 left iriə   1  
3 right analaə   1  
4 leg/foot okoko   46  
5 to walk oðaacə   23  
6 road/path vaɭəvaɭəʔaə      
7 to come motaʔaləvə      
8 to turn word info ʔinipaɭici   103  
9 to swim olaŋoi   1  
10 dirty makoðoɭo   91  
11 dust      
12 skin piciŋi   63  
13 back word info ðəɭəhə   71  
14 belly varaŋə   67  
15 bone paŋoɭo      
16 intestines voro small intestine 53  
16 intestines tatosərəkaə large intestine    
17 liver asay   1  
18 breast soso   1  
19 shoulder aliaðaŋaaə   49  
20 to know, be knowledgeable oɭihoʔo   72  
21 to think apaʔiiðəəðəðəmə   13, 58  
22 to fear okoloðo   57  
23 blood əray   40  
24 head cokonoro      
25 neck ɭəʔə   1  
26 hair word info ioʔo   50  
27 nose ŋoŋoʔo   27?  
28 to breathe mainəakə   59  
29 to sniff, smell oʔavaɭi   3  
30 mouth ŋoðoi   71  
31 tooth aliʔi   2  
32 tongue ɭiðamə   3  
33 to laugh maʔomao      
34 to cry otobi [v] expected for [b] -EG 54  
35 to vomit oʔoaðə   1  
36 to spit ʔoŋaɭai   3  
37 to eat okanə   1  
38 to chew word info oapoʔo to chew betel 50  
39 to cook word info osisiʔi   76  
40 to drink oʔoŋolo   45  
41 to bite okaʔacə   1  
42 to suck osəpəsəpə   1  
43 ear caɭiŋa   1  
44 to hear osialaɭa   52  
45 eye maca eyeball 1  
46 to see ocəŋklə   77  
47 to yawn maoʔovo   19  
48 to sleep oʔapəcə   77  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream oʔipi   1  
51 to sit tolohoɭaə      
52 to stand iðiʔi   1  
53 person/human being      
54 man/male ʔaolay   1, 108  
55 woman/female ʔavay   1  
56 child ɭolay   20  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother ina term of reference 1  
59 mother inakə term of address 1  
60 father ama term of reference 1  
60 father amakə term of address 1  
61 house ðaʔanə   41  
62 thatch/roof caɭai   2  
63 name aɭacə   33  
64 to say ʔaovaovaha   101  
65 rope caiʔi   1  
66 to tie up, fasten oəvəhə   72  
67 to sew word info ocikipi -ipi? -EG 57?  
68 needle inəmay   22  
69 to hunt word info oalopo   1  
70 to shoot word info opana   1  
71 to stab, pierce oraʔavahə   71  
72 to hit word info otoovoŋo      
72 to hit word info okəɭakəɭaŋə      
73 to steal okoʔopa   37  
74 to kill matəʔətə      
75 to die, be dead maʔətə L? Would expect medial [s] or [c]. -EG    
76 to live, be alive moðipi   1  
77 to scratch word info okakaʔo   1  
78 to cut, hack word info osiavə   39  
79 stick/wood ʔaŋato tree, wood 18  
80 to split word info ovocoko   67  
81 sharp movaʔəɭə      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info ʔaðiðapaə   63?  
84 to plant oɭəðəkə   54  
85 to choose opiɭi   1  
86 to grow word info ʔosaŋəðaʔa also means 'long'    
87 to swell word info ʔovaɭakə   46  
88 to squeeze word info opəʔə   1  
89 to hold word info oəcəŋə   78  
89 to hold word info oɭoho      
90 to dig okorokoro   43  
91 to buy olaŋay   40  
92 to open, uncover oʔələvə   52, 51  
93 to pound, beat word info ʔoɭovoʔo   34  
94 to throw word info olaŋopai      
95 to fall word info mapipi      
96 dog taʔoɭo      
97 bird aɭamə   2  
98 egg karaðoɭo      
99 feather ciarə      
100 wing ciarə      
101 to fly ʔinipalai   49  
102 rat koɭavao   1  
103 meat/flesh ɭoho      
104 fat/grease ʔimaʔa   2  
105 tail ʔiko   1  
106 snake ʔoɭaʔa   2  
107 worm (earthworm) atoɭiki   20  
108 louse word info koco   1  
109 mosquito alalikisi      
110 spider takələsai < *(taka)lawas 1, 75  
111 fish kaʔaŋə   3  
112 rotten word info malaməkə   80  
113 branch word info pilaka   38  
114 leaf liʔaŋə      
115 root ʔamici   3  
116 flower      
117 fruit maðo   2  
118 grass ʔoɭao   63  
119 earth/soil vəkənəɭə ground    
120 stone ɭənəhə   34  
121 sand ənay   1  
122 water word info acilay   46  
123 to flow moloðo   25  
124 sea vaɭo   54  
125 salt timo   2  
126 lake vaɭo   30  
127 woods/forest      
128 sky tavələŋaə   56  
129 moon ðamarə   25  
130 star tario   45  
131 cloud word info kəməʔə   80?  
132 fog      
133 rain ðaʔolo   1  
134 thunder ðəðərə   4  
135 lightning ɭikaɭikacə   89  
136 wind vəʔəvəʔə      
137 to blow word info ovoʔoto   35  
138 warm word info maɭapaʔa hot 80  
139 cold word info makəcəɭə   2  
140 dry word info maʔaŋəŋə   1  
141 wet maəsəŋə   75?  
142 heavy maðəʔəɭəhə   49  
143 fire apoi   1  
144 to burn word info ʔolovo   78  
145 smoke word info loto      
146 ash avo   1  
147 black maəcəɭaŋə   2  
148 white mapoli   111  
149 red maðiliaŋə   50, 75  
150 yellow      
151 green maʔaləkəʔəkə   56  
152 small masiʔi   84  
153 big matoalai      
154 short word info ʔoəkəəkəðə   14  
155 long word info ʔosaŋəðaʔa   66  
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info maɭiʔəməðə   37  
158 narrow makələsə   51  
159 wide maɭipalaʔa   23  
160 painful, sick macaʔəmə   3  
161 shy, ashamed ʔiniaə      
162 old word info maroðaŋə   130  
163 new vaoʔaə   1  
164 good mataaðiʔi   78?  
165 bad, evil matakoɭa   63  
166 correct, true topoðaolaə      
167 night maoŋo   2  
168 day aliðaaʔə day 1  
168 day koliʔi sun 40  
169 year caili   22  
170 when? word info ʔiðaə future 1  
170 when? word info kalaʔomaəða past    
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info moɭahaɭə   40  
173 at      
174 in, inside ʔaðiŋi   38  
175 above ɭahaɭə   43  
176 below aləvə   66  
177 this ʔinaʔi   1  
178 that aanai   23?  
179 near maʔaðiiðali   1  
180 far maʔaðaili   2  
181 where? word info aikiəni   55  
182 I -ɭao   x  
182 I -nao   x  
183 thou -ʔo   x  
184 he/she aaŋani proximal 16  
185 we word info aaŋata inclusive 1  
185 we word info kata inclusive 1  
185 we word info -nai exclusive x  
186 you -nomi   x  
187 they aaŋalini proximal    
188 what? word info kaanani      
189 who? word info aŋai      
190 other ðoma   1  
191 all poəɭəɭə      
192 and la   22  
193 if lani      
194 how? word info apokoa ni   44?  
194 how? word info pokoa   44?  
195 no, not ʔaina no 3  
195 no, not kai not 86  
196 to count waʔipi   3  
197 One word info nəka      
198 Two word info nosa Expected [ðo(ʔ)a] -EG 1? L?
199 Three word info toɭo   1  
200 Four word info patə   1  
201 Five word info ɭima   1  
202 Six word info nəmə   1  
203 Seven word info pito   1  
204 Eight word info vaɭo   3  
205 Nine word info vaŋatə   8  
206 Ten word info poɭoko   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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