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Language: Rukai (Tona)

Source/Author:  Li (2004) 
Notes:  Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. "Basic Vocabulary for Formosan Languages and Dialects." In Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. Selected Papers on Formosan Languages. Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 206
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Rukai 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 20 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
11 dust      
49 to lie down word info      
53 person/human being      
57 husband      
58 wife      
82 dull, blunt      
90 to dig      
116 flower      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
150 yellow      
156 thin word info      
171 to hide word info      
173 at      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
63 name aacə   33  
177 this aakay   30  
97 bird aamə   2  
55 woman/female abayanə   1  
146 ash abo   1  
122 water word info acilay   46  
175 above agaə   43  
1 hand aima   1  
178 that akini   23  
194 how? word info amiaini      
99 feather aomwanə      
24 head aoo   1  
143 fire apoy   1  
19 shoulder asipi   50  
109 mosquito atatiŋaʔulu   76  
107 worm (earthworm) atoiki   20  
96 dog aθo   1  
14 belly baaŋə   67  
126 lake bao   30  
124 sea baobaoanə   54  
98 egg baoθoθo      
163 new baʔowanə   1  
16 intestines boo small intestine 53  
103 meat/flesh bwatə   37  
136 wind bəsəbəsə   57  
62 thatch/roof caai [v] deletion? -EG 2  
169 year cavili   22  
43 ear caŋia   1  
6 road/path dadaanə   1  
61 house daʔanə   41  
133 rain daʔolo   1  
119 earth/soil didaʔanə ground 30  
198 Two word info doθa Expected [ɖosa] -EG 1? L?
134 thunder gəgəəgə      
32 tongue idamə   3  
135 lightning ikaacə   89  
105 tail ikivi   42  
201 Five word info ima   1  
26 hair word info isivi   50  
195 no, not iʔa not    
182 I kakə   1  
111 fish kaʔaŋə   3  
73 to steal kiaʔipa      
177 this kikay   30  
185 we word info kinamə exclusive 2  
178 that kini   23  
184 he/she kini proximal 16  
187 they kini proximal 20  
185 we word info kiti inclusive 1?  
102 rat koabaw   1  
108 louse word info koco   1  
170 when? word info kogianə past 1, 25  
4 leg/foot koko   46  
168 day koliʔi sun 40  
186 you komo   1  
131 cloud word info kooŋo   81  
183 thou koso   1  
192 and la   22  
164 good maagiʔi   78  
138 warm word info maapaʔa hot 80  
45 eye maca   1  
160 painful, sick macaʔəmə   3  
142 heavy madikəə   50  
149 red madiləanə   50, 75  
81 sharp magaaŋə   41  
147 black maicəəŋə   2  
159 wide mailapaʔa   23  
165 bad, evil makoacə   63  
10 dirty makoɖoo   91  
139 cold word info makəcəə   2  
112 rotten word info malaməkə   80  
141 wet malaŋəəʔə      
140 dry word info malaʔoo   88  
75 to die, be dead mamodo   16  
28 to breathe mananiakə   59  
188 what? word info maniini   16  
60 father mao term of address 16  
161 shy, ashamed maomalə   44  
162 old word info maoɖaŋə   130  
76 to live, be alive maoɖipi   1  
148 white mapolii   111  
151 green masaləkəsəkə   56  
47 to yawn masaswabə   19  
167 night masoŋo   2  
74 to kill matyamodo      
157 thick word info mayʔəməɖə   37  
117 fruit maɖo   2  
154 short word info maəkəkənə   14  
191 all maəsal      
179 near maʔadadyali   1  
180 far maʔadavili   2  
155 long word info maθaŋədaʔa   66  
30 mouth motomoto   72  
172 to climb word info mwagaə   40  
95 to fall word info mwalii   83  
123 to flow mwaloɖo   25  
189 who? word info nanini      
59 mother niaw term of address 43  
193 if nilavali      
170 when? word info nogianə future 1  
68 needle nomay   22  
194 how? word info nuyami      
197 One word info nəga      
202 Six word info nəmə   1  
166 correct, true pakacəgə   62  
21 to think pakiɖeɖəɖəmə   13, 58  
100 wing pakəpakə   33  
200 Four word info patə   1  
15 bone paɖoo   46  
12 skin piciŋi   63  
113 branch word info pilaka   38  
203 Seven word info pito   1  
206 Ten word info pooko   5  
54 man/male saʔwalay   1, 108  
192 and si   49  
144 to burn word info sialaobo   78  
104 fat/grease simaʔa   2  
118 grass soao   63  
106 snake soaʔa   2  
17 liver soogo   49  
114 leaf soŋoŋo      
93 to pound, beat word info syaiboʔo   34  
48 to sleep syaəaəkə   78  
16 intestines tabookan large intestine    
128 sky tabələŋanə   56  
130 star taiaw   45  
65 rope taisi *C > t?? (expected [c].) -EG 1  
110 spider takaavaθə < *(taka)lawas 1, 75  
176 below taləbəanə   66  
153 big taomomo      
60 father tatava term of reference    
27 nose taŋoanə   47  
125 salt timoso   2  
59 mother titina term of reference 1  
152 small tiʔicanə   84  
199 Three word info too   1  
56 child valavalakə   1, 86  
31 tooth valisi   2  
3 right vanananə   1  
204 Eight word info vao   3  
205 Nine word info vaŋatə   8  
2 left viianə   1  
168 day vivaʔanə day 17  
69 to hunt word info waalopo   1  
38 to chew word info waapoʔo to chew betel 50  
196 to count waasipi   3  
44 to hear wabiciiŋi   42  
80 to split word info wabocoko   67  
137 to blow word info waboʔoto   35  
67 to sew word info wacikoo   57  
46 to see wacəŋklə   77  
94 to throw word info wadapaŋə      
5 to walk wadavacə   23  
72 to hit word info wadokoy      
84 to plant wadokoʔo   55  
77 to scratch word info wagaθəgaθə [θ]? -EG 62?  
20 to know, be knowledgeable waigoʔo   72  
37 to eat wakanə   1  
41 to bite wakaʔacə   1  
91 to buy walaŋay   40  
9 to swim walaŋoy   1  
8 to turn word info wapaici   103  
70 to shoot word info wapana   1  
85 to choose wapii   1  
88 to squeeze word info wapəʔə   1  
29 to sniff, smell wasabai   3  
71 to stab, pierce wasabakə   71  
50 to dream wasipi   1  
36 to spit wasoŋaay   3  
36 to spit wasoʔaəkə   2  
72 to hit word info wasətiti   76  
34 to cry watobi   54  
39 to cook word info wauθitɨi   76  
66 to tie up, fasten waəbəkə   72  
89 to hold word info waəcəŋə   78  
137 to blow word info waʔipi   1  
35 to vomit waʔotaa   1  
40 to drink waʔoŋolo   45  
92 to open, uncover waʔələbə   52, 51  
78 to cut, hack word info waθyabə   39  
42 to suck waθəpəθəpə   1  
129 moon ɖamaə   25  
190 other ɖomanə   1  
13 back word info ɖəəkə   71  
145 smoke word info əbəə   1  
121 sand ənay   1  
120 stone ənəgə   34  
25 neck əʔə   1  
87 to swell word info ʔabaakə   46  
195 no, not ʔaini no 3  
23 blood ʔaiɖi   41  
83 to work word info ʔakamolo      
22 to fear ʔakoloɖo   57  
115 root ʔamici   3  
7 to come ʔaokay      
64 to say ʔapobaka   101  
86 to grow word info ʔatawmomoo      
79 stick/wood ʔaŋato tree, wood 18  
33 to laugh ʔaŋii   80  
101 to fly ʔaŋipalay   49  
174 in, inside ʔaɖiŋi   38  
51 to sit ʔianunu   94  
181 where? word info ʔikayɖa   53  
52 to stand ʔyadiʔi   1  
158 narrow θakotitiʔici      
18 breast θoθo   1  

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