https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rukai (Tona)

Source/Author:  Li (2004) 
Notes:  Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. "Basic Vocabulary for Formosan Languages and Dialects." In Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. Selected Papers on Formosan Languages. Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 206
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Rukai 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 20 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand aima   1  
2 left viianə   1  
3 right vanananə   1  
4 leg/foot koko   46  
5 to walk wadavacə   23  
6 road/path dadaanə   1  
7 to come ʔaokay      
8 to turn word info wapaici   103  
9 to swim walaŋoy   1  
10 dirty makoɖoo   91  
11 dust      
12 skin piciŋi   63  
13 back word info ɖəəkə   71  
14 belly baaŋə   67  
15 bone paɖoo   46  
16 intestines boo small intestine 53  
16 intestines tabookan large intestine    
17 liver soogo   49  
18 breast θoθo   1  
19 shoulder asipi   50  
20 to know, be knowledgeable waigoʔo   72  
21 to think pakiɖeɖəɖəmə   13, 58  
22 to fear ʔakoloɖo   57  
23 blood ʔaiɖi   41  
24 head aoo   1  
25 neck əʔə   1  
26 hair word info isivi   50  
27 nose taŋoanə   47  
28 to breathe mananiakə   59  
29 to sniff, smell wasabai   3  
30 mouth motomoto   72  
31 tooth valisi   2  
32 tongue idamə   3  
33 to laugh ʔaŋii   80  
34 to cry watobi   54  
35 to vomit waʔotaa   1  
36 to spit wasoŋaay   3  
36 to spit wasoʔaəkə   2  
37 to eat wakanə   1  
38 to chew word info waapoʔo to chew betel 50  
39 to cook word info wauθitɨi   76  
40 to drink waʔoŋolo   45  
41 to bite wakaʔacə   1  
42 to suck waθəpəθəpə   1  
43 ear caŋia   1  
44 to hear wabiciiŋi   42  
45 eye maca   1  
46 to see wacəŋklə   77  
47 to yawn masaswabə   19  
48 to sleep syaəaəkə   78  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream wasipi   1  
51 to sit ʔianunu   94  
52 to stand ʔyadiʔi   1  
53 person/human being      
54 man/male saʔwalay   1, 108  
55 woman/female abayanə   1  
56 child valavalakə   1, 86  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother titina term of reference 1  
59 mother niaw term of address 43  
60 father tatava term of reference    
60 father mao term of address 16  
61 house daʔanə   41  
62 thatch/roof caai [v] deletion? -EG 2  
63 name aacə   33  
64 to say ʔapobaka   101  
65 rope taisi *C > t?? (expected [c].) -EG 1  
66 to tie up, fasten waəbəkə   72  
67 to sew word info wacikoo   57  
68 needle nomay   22  
69 to hunt word info waalopo   1  
70 to shoot word info wapana   1  
71 to stab, pierce wasabakə   71  
72 to hit word info wasətiti   76  
72 to hit word info wadokoy      
73 to steal kiaʔipa      
74 to kill matyamodo      
75 to die, be dead mamodo   16  
76 to live, be alive maoɖipi   1  
77 to scratch word info wagaθəgaθə [θ]? -EG 62?  
78 to cut, hack word info waθyabə   39  
79 stick/wood ʔaŋato tree, wood 18  
80 to split word info wabocoko   67  
81 sharp magaaŋə   41  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info ʔakamolo      
84 to plant wadokoʔo   55  
85 to choose wapii   1  
86 to grow word info ʔatawmomoo      
87 to swell word info ʔabaakə   46  
88 to squeeze word info wapəʔə   1  
89 to hold word info waəcəŋə   78  
90 to dig      
91 to buy walaŋay   40  
92 to open, uncover waʔələbə   52, 51  
93 to pound, beat word info syaiboʔo   34  
94 to throw word info wadapaŋə      
95 to fall word info mwalii   83  
96 dog aθo   1  
97 bird aamə   2  
98 egg baoθoθo      
99 feather aomwanə      
100 wing pakəpakə   33  
101 to fly ʔaŋipalay   49  
102 rat koabaw   1  
103 meat/flesh bwatə   37  
104 fat/grease simaʔa   2  
105 tail ikivi   42  
106 snake soaʔa   2  
107 worm (earthworm) atoiki   20  
108 louse word info koco   1  
109 mosquito atatiŋaʔulu   76  
110 spider takaavaθə < *(taka)lawas 1, 75  
111 fish kaʔaŋə   3  
112 rotten word info malaməkə   80  
113 branch word info pilaka   38  
114 leaf soŋoŋo      
115 root ʔamici   3  
116 flower      
117 fruit maɖo   2  
118 grass soao   63  
119 earth/soil didaʔanə ground 30  
120 stone ənəgə   34  
121 sand ənay   1  
122 water word info acilay   46  
123 to flow mwaloɖo   25  
124 sea baobaoanə   54  
125 salt timoso   2  
126 lake bao   30  
127 woods/forest      
128 sky tabələŋanə   56  
129 moon ɖamaə   25  
130 star taiaw   45  
131 cloud word info kooŋo   81  
132 fog      
133 rain daʔolo   1  
134 thunder gəgəəgə      
135 lightning ikaacə   89  
136 wind bəsəbəsə   57  
137 to blow word info waʔipi   1  
137 to blow word info waboʔoto   35  
138 warm word info maapaʔa hot 80  
139 cold word info makəcəə   2  
140 dry word info malaʔoo   88  
141 wet malaŋəəʔə      
142 heavy madikəə   50  
143 fire apoy   1  
144 to burn word info sialaobo   78  
145 smoke word info əbəə   1  
146 ash abo   1  
147 black maicəəŋə   2  
148 white mapolii   111  
149 red madiləanə   50, 75  
150 yellow      
151 green masaləkəsəkə   56  
152 small tiʔicanə   84  
153 big taomomo      
154 short word info maəkəkənə   14  
155 long word info maθaŋədaʔa   66  
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info mayʔəməɖə   37  
158 narrow θakotitiʔici      
159 wide mailapaʔa   23  
160 painful, sick macaʔəmə   3  
161 shy, ashamed maomalə   44  
162 old word info maoɖaŋə   130  
163 new baʔowanə   1  
164 good maagiʔi   78  
165 bad, evil makoacə   63  
166 correct, true pakacəgə   62  
167 night masoŋo   2  
168 day vivaʔanə day 17  
168 day koliʔi sun 40  
169 year cavili   22  
170 when? word info nogianə future 1  
170 when? word info kogianə past 1, 25  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info mwagaə   40  
173 at      
174 in, inside ʔaɖiŋi   38  
175 above agaə   43  
176 below taləbəanə   66  
177 this aakay   30  
177 this kikay   30  
178 that kini   23  
178 that akini   23  
179 near maʔadadyali   1  
180 far maʔadavili   2  
181 where? word info ʔikayɖa   53  
182 I kakə   1  
183 thou koso   1  
184 he/she kini proximal 16  
185 we word info kiti inclusive 1?  
185 we word info kinamə exclusive 2  
186 you komo   1  
187 they kini proximal 20  
188 what? word info maniini   16  
189 who? word info nanini      
190 other ɖomanə   1  
191 all maəsal      
192 and si   49  
192 and la   22  
193 if nilavali      
194 how? word info amiaini      
194 how? word info nuyami      
195 no, not ʔaini no 3  
195 no, not iʔa not    
196 to count waasipi   3  
197 One word info nəga      
198 Two word info doθa Expected [ɖosa] -EG 1? L?
199 Three word info too   1  
200 Four word info patə   1  
201 Five word info ima   1  
202 Six word info nəmə   1  
203 Seven word info pito   1  
204 Eight word info vao   3  
205 Nine word info vaŋatə   8  
206 Ten word info pooko   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

Seen an error? Please let us know:

Save Data: