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Language: Rukai (Tanan L04)

Source/Author:  Li (2004) 
Notes:  Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. "Basic Vocabulary for Formosan Languages and Dialects." In Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. Selected Papers on Formosan Languages. Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 209
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Rukai 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 20 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand aɭima   1  
2 left viri   1  
3 right vanalə   1  
4 leg/foot ɖaʔalə   55  
5 to walk wadavacə   23  
6 road/path kaəɭəa   42  
7 to come wakəla   39  
8 to turn word info waʔaɭici   103  
9 to swim walaŋoy   1  
10 dirty magawgaw      
11 dust      
12 skin ikidi   62  
13 back word info ɖəɭəkə   71  
14 belly baraŋə   67  
15 bone rəmərəmə      
16 intestines boroo   53  
16 intestines kəkər small intestine    
17 liver aθay   1  
18 breast θoθo   1  
19 shoulder alivaɖaŋə   49  
20 to know, be knowledgeable waθiŋalə   71  
21 to think kiɖəməɖəmə   13, 58  
22 to fear mokoloɖo   57  
23 blood əray   40  
24 head aoɭo   1  
25 neck ɭəə   1  
26 hair word info isiw   50  
27 nose ŋoŋoa   47  
28 to breathe manianiakə   59  
29 to sniff, smell wasabaɭi   3  
30 mouth ŋodoy   71  
31 tooth valisi   2  
32 tongue ɭidamə   3  
33 to laugh macacava   1  
34 to cry watobi   54  
35 to vomit waota   1  
36 to spit swaŋaɭay   3  
37 to eat wakanə   1  
38 to chew word info waʔoo to chew betel 50  
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink waoŋolo   45  
41 to bite wakaacə   1  
42 to suck waθəʔəθəʔə   1  
43 ear caɭiŋa   1  
44 to hear kyalaɭa   52  
45 eye maca   1  
46 to see wacəələ   77  
47 to yawn maswaswabə   19  
48 to sleep waʔəcə   77  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream wasiʔi   1  
51 to sit takaynənə   103  
52 to stand waidi   1  
53 person/human being      
54 man/male sawalay   1, 108  
55 woman/female ababay   1, 105  
56 child ɭolay   20  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother tina term of reference 1  
59 mother naina term of address 1  
60 father tama term of reference 1  
60 father nama term of address 1  
61 house daanə   41  
62 thatch/roof caɭavia   2  
63 name naganə   1  
64 to say kawriva   100  
65 rope caɭis   1  
66 to tie up, fasten ʔwakərəcə   71  
67 to sew word info wacaisi   1, 52  
68 needle inamay   22  
69 to hunt word info waloʔo   1  
70 to shoot word info waʔana   1  
71 to stab, pierce ʈavakə      
72 to hit word info sititi   76  
72 to hit word info wadaməkə      
73 to steal kooʔa   37  
74 to kill ʔaʔacay   2  
75 to die, be dead waʔacay   1  
76 to live, be alive uɖuʔi   1  
77 to scratch word info wagacəgacə   62  
78 to cut, hack word info waθyabə   39  
79 stick/wood aŋato tree, wood 18  
80 to split word info ʈəkabə      
81 sharp magaraŋə   41  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info twaɭavay      
84 to plant ʔoɖoɭi      
85 to choose waʔiɭi   1  
86 to grow word info maɖaɖaw   38  
87 to swell word info mwabaɭakə   46  
88 to squeeze word info ʔərəhə   1  
89 to hold word info waləcənə   78  
90 to dig waloko   42  
91 to buy walaŋay   40  
92 to open, uncover moləbə   52, 51  
93 to pound, beat word info syaɭoboo   34  
94 to throw word info wadokoɭo   61  
95 to fall word info maciɭi   82  
96 dog tawʔoŋo   40  
97 bird aðaðamə   2  
98 egg batoko Expected 0 for [k]. L? -EG 32  
99 feather ɭomo   28  
100 wing ʔaridi   2  
101 to fly ʔaniʔalay   49  
102 rat habətarə      
103 meat/flesh bwatə   37  
104 fat/grease sima   2  
105 tail taoθo   26  
106 snake olawlay   62  
107 worm (earthworm) atatolalə   56  
108 louse word info koco   1  
109 mosquito atatimalaw   31  
110 spider takaɭaɭavaθə < *(taka)lawas 1, 75  
111 fish kaaŋə   3  
112 rotten word info malaməkə   80  
113 branch word info ʔilaka   38  
114 leaf bia   2  
115 root balacə   7  
116 flower      
117 fruit maɖo   2  
118 grass obolo   59  
119 earth/soil daədaə ground 30  
120 stone ɭənəgə   34  
121 sand ənay   1  
122 water word info acilay   46  
123 to flow mwaloɖo   25  
124 sea laɖəkə   53  
125 salt timo   2  
126 lake baðo   30  
127 woods/forest      
128 sky sobələbələŋə   56  
129 moon ɖamarə   25  
130 star tariaw   45  
131 cloud word info əməəmə   80  
132 fog      
133 rain odalə   1  
134 thunder ɖərəɖərə   4  
135 lightning ɭikacə   89  
136 wind sasəvəra   56  
137 to blow word info waiiʔi   1  
138 warm word info waɖaŋɖaŋ hot 78  
139 cold word info makəcəɭə   2  
140 dry word info maməalə   87  
141 wet madərθəŋe   75  
142 heavy maatəɭəg   49  
143 fire aʔoy   1  
144 to burn word info kwalaobo   78  
145 smoke word info əbəɭə   1  
146 ash abo   1  
147 black maicəɭəŋə   2  
148 white maʔoli   111  
149 red dirərəl   74  
150 yellow      
151 green masaləsə   56  
152 small tikia   84  
153 big maɖaw   33  
154 short word info əɖəkay   2  
155 long word info maθaŋəɭa   66  
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info makoɖəməɭə   21  
158 narrow mwakolay   51  
159 wide maθiʔala metathesis 23  
160 painful, sick macaəm   3  
161 shy, ashamed matyaino   45  
162 old word info maroɖaŋ   130  
163 new baawa   1  
164 good maθarili   77  
165 bad, evil maalisi   62  
166 correct, true ʔacəŋcəŋ   62  
167 night maoŋo   2  
168 day vaiya day 17  
168 day vai sun 17  
169 year caili L from Mantauran? -EG 22  
170 when? word info loiga future 1, 47  
170 when? word info koiga past 1, 25  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info moɖaɖaða      
173 at      
174 in, inside aɖiŋi   38  
175 above bələŋ   44  
176 below sadaədaə   25  
176 below saɖyaɖiŋ      
177 this kay   30  
178 that koani   23  
179 near dəəθ   3  
180 far daili   2  
181 where? word info ino   1  
182 I konako   1  
182 I -ako   x  
183 thou koso   1  
184 he/she koani proximal 16  
185 we word info kota inclusive 1  
185 we word info -ta inclusive x  
185 we word info -nai exclusive x  
185 we word info konai exclusive 38  
186 you konomi   7  
186 you -nomi   x  
187 they kolini proximal 20  
188 what? word info manəma   16  
189 who? word info anəa   32  
190 other ɖoma   1  
191 all makanaəɭə   56  
192 and si   49  
192 and la   22  
193 if lo   52  
193 if nay   49  
193 if loyasi   52  
194 how? word info mikakoa      
194 how? word info (a)itoma   43  
195 no, not ini no 3  
195 no, not kay not 86  
196 to count wasiʔi   3  
197 One word info əa   1?  
198 Two word info ɖosa   1  
199 Three word info toɭo   1  
200 Four word info soʔatə   1  
201 Five word info ɭima   1  
202 Six word info ənəmə   1  
203 Seven word info ʔito   1  
204 Eight word info vaɭo   3  
205 Nine word info baŋatə   8  
206 Ten word info poɭoko   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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