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Language: Proto-Sangiric

Source/Author:  James N. Sneddon 
Notes:  Sneddon, James N. 1984. Proto-Sangiric and the Sangiric languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Sangiric 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *lima   1, 64  
2 left *koiRi ~ *kuiRi   1, 42  
3 right *koanen ~ *kuanen   1, 62  
4 leg/foot *bitis calf (of leg)    
4 leg/foot *laed ~ *laid      
5 to walk      
6 road/path *dalen      
7 to come *maRi      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin *pisi skin, bark    
13 back word info *likud   1  
14 belly *kombaŋ stomach    
14 belly *tian   1  
15 bone *duRi   2  
16 intestines *tinai   1  
17 liver *atay   1  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *paluka      
19 shoulder *bəmbaŋ   19  
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think *taRəndum to remember, think of; memory    
22 to fear      
23 blood *daRa   1  
23 blood *malənsa      
24 head *ulu upstream, upland, interior 1  
24 head *timbonan head 41  
25 neck *leReʔ      
26 hair word info *utak semantic shift from 'brain' 27  
27 nose *idun   1  
28 to breathe *sinda(ʔ)   26  
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth *moRoŋ   25  
31 tooth *isi   24, 75  
32 tongue *dila ~ *lila   4  
33 to laugh *kekeʔ meanings of some reflexes include 'to call out', 'to quarrel', 'to scold'    
33 to laugh *ləgay   28  
34 to cry *taŋis   1  
35 to vomit *suka   9  
36 to spit *lua      
36 to spit *ədu   49  
37 to eat *kaən   1  
38 to chew word info *mama to chew betel 1  
38 to chew word info *səpa   17  
39 to cook word info *lutuʔ   20  
39 to cook word info *luga      
39 to cook word info *nasu      
39 to cook word info *tasak cooked, ripe    
40 to drink *inum   1  
41 to bite *kiki   69  
42 to suck      
43 ear *tiŋkaRia ~ *toŋkaRia      
44 to hear *diŋiR   1, 28  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *selay   106  
47 to yawn *k(i)oyab   1, 11  
48 to sleep *tikil   24  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream *ipi   1, 42  
51 to sit      
52 to stand      
53 person/human being *tau   1  
53 person/human being *taumata   1, 66  
54 man/male *maRuanay   1  
55 woman/female *babinay   1, 106  
56 child *anak   1  
56 child *dadioʔ   25  
57 husband *sawa spouse 2  
58 wife *sawa spouse 1  
59 mother *inaʔ   1, 76  
59 mother *inaŋ   1, 74  
59 mother *əmaʔ      
60 father *amaʔ   1, 18  
60 father *amaŋ   1, 38  
61 house *balay   14  
62 thatch/roof *atup   1  
63 name *aden      
64 to say *kuən to say, it is said    
65 rope *tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *ikit   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *Rakid      
66 to tie up, fasten *Rakut   109  
66 to tie up, fasten *Rapus   108  
67 to sew word info *anam to weave    
67 to sew word info *kaRibu to weave    
68 needle *daRum means 'to sew' in some reflexes 1  
69 to hunt word info *anup   1  
70 to shoot word info *lutam   11  
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info *teŋgoR      
72 to hit word info *paŋkul to beat    
73 to steal *takaw   1  
74 to kill *buno   1  
74 to kill *patay   2  
75 to die, be dead *patay to die, kill 1, 35  
76 to live, be alive *biaR   15  
77 to scratch word info *kaRo      
78 to cut, hack word info *taRa to chop wood into planks or beams 1  
79 stick/wood *kayu wood, tree 1  
80 to split word info *bəka      
81 sharp *Rodaw   80  
82 dull, blunt *momo      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant *suan   33  
85 to choose *pile   1  
86 to grow word info *tubo   1  
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info *kəmis      
88 to squeeze word info *pəRa   1, 37  
88 to squeeze word info *pəsut      
89 to hold word info *dakup to hold, catch    
90 to dig *kali   1  
91 to buy *bəli   1  
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info *ləbak   14  
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info *nabo   1  
96 dog *kapuna   35  
97 bird *manuk   1  
98 egg      
99 feather *bəmbulu   1, 32  
100 wing      
101 to fly *təlak   26  
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh *əsi   1  
104 fat/grease *lana 2nd word: oil 81  
105 tail *tolay   22  
106 snake *katoan   68  
106 snake *sawa   25  
107 worm (earthworm) *ulid   21  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
109 mosquito *tənik   25  
110 spider      
111 fish *kinas      
112 rotten word info *baRi      
112 rotten word info *Renes      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf *dauŋ   1, 55  
115 root *Ramut   3  
116 flower *buŋaŋ   1, 61  
116 flower *budak   22  
117 fruit *bua   1  
118 grass *dukut   2  
119 earth/soil *tana   1  
120 stone *batu   1  
121 sand      
122 water word info *ake   17  
123 to flow      
124 sea *laud   6  
124 sea *tasik   1  
124 sea *tagaloaŋ open sea, ocean    
125 salt *asin   3  
126 lake *danaw   1  
127 woods/forest *kagudaŋen   58  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
129 moon *bulan   1  
130 star      
131 cloud word info *binaba      
132 fog      
133 rain *taRiti      
134 thunder *dəluk   35  
135 lightning *kilat   1  
136 wind *aŋin   1  
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info *loso hot    
139 cold word info *ləndim      
140 dry word info *mada   26  
140 dry word info *Raŋu   1  
140 dry word info *təŋgaR ~ *tiŋgaR      
141 wet      
142 heavy *bəRat   1  
143 fire *putuŋ   13  
144 to burn word info *Rəŋis      
144 to burn word info *tutuŋ   1, 94  
145 smoke word info *tipu   24  
146 ash *abu ashes, dust 1  
146 ash *aRi fine ash    
147 black *itum   1  
148 white *bida      
149 red *Ramuʔ      
150 yellow *didiR   29  
151 green *lunaw   33  
152 small      
153 big *dakel   22, 102  
154 short word info      
155 long word info *nait ~ naiʔ      
156 thin word info *nipis   1  
157 thick word info *kəpal   1  
158 narrow      
159 wide *bənaR broad, wide    
159 wide *loaŋ   62, 68  
160 painful, sick *sakit   1  
160 painful, sick *təduk pain, painful 25  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info *gudaŋ   21  
163 new *bəRu   1, 54  
164 good *pia   1  
165 bad, evil *(d,l)alai(t,ʔ)   1, 92  
165 bad, evil *tiŋkai(t,ʔ)      
166 correct, true *təŋad      
167 night *Rəbi   21  
168 day *əlaw   1, 54  
169 year *taun   1  
170 when? word info *kaŋede(n,ʔ)      
171 to hide word info *buni   1  
172 to climb word info *abit to climb a tree 36  
172 to climb word info *saka to climb a mountain 55  
173 at *su   16  
174 in, inside      
175 above *babaw   2  
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near *sandig      
180 far *dau      
181 where? word info *suapa   33  
182 I *iaʔ   1, 32  
183 thou *kau   1, 29  
184 he/she *sie   1, 31  
185 we word info *kite inclusive 1, 50  
185 we word info *kami exclusive 2, 51  
186 you *kəmu   1, 38  
187 they *side   1  
188 what? word info *apa   1, 66  
189 who? word info *sai   1, 51  
190 other *baline   17  
191 all *maya      
192 and      
193 if *ada   72  
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
197 One word info *əsa   1  
198 Two word info *dua   1  
198 Two word info *dadua   1, 23  
199 Three word info *təlu   1  
199 Three word info *tatəlu   1, 10  
200 Four word info *əpat   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info *ənum   1  
203 Seven word info *pitu   1  
204 Eight word info *ualu   3  
205 Nine word info *siaw   5, 34  
206 Ten word info *pulo   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info *Ratus   4  
210 One Thousand word info *Ribu   5  

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