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Language: Proto-Minahasan

Source/Author:  James N. Sneddon 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:  Glottocode: mina1272 
Notes:  Sneddon, James N. 1978. Proto-Minahasan: phonology, morphology, and wordlist. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Minahasan 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
11 dust      
21 to think      
22 to fear      
34 to cry      
44 to hear      
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
51 to sit      
57 husband      
58 wife      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
73 to steal      
76 to live, be alive      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
94 to throw word info      
97 bird      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh      
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
114 leaf      
123 to flow      
126 lake      
129 moon      
130 star      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind      
142 heavy      
145 smoke word info      
155 long word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
168 day      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
178 that      
183 thou      
184 he/she      
188 what? word info      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
146 ash *abu   1  
7 to come *ahi      
115 root *ahmut   3, 53  
182 I *aku   1, 5  
60 father *amaŋ   1, 38  
60 father *amaʔ   1, 18  
56 child *anak   1  
143 fire *api   1  
125 salt *asin   3  
96 dog *asu   1  
28 to breathe *asəŋ   23  
17 liver *ate   1  
209 One Hundred word info *atus   4  
98 egg *atəluh   1, 61  
62 thatch/roof *atəp   1  
4 leg/foot *aʔe   1  
176 below *babaʔ   1  
175 above *babo   2  
87 to swell word info *baheʔ swelling 1  
61 house *bale   14  
190 other *balina   17  
12 skin *balulaŋ   64  
56 child *bataʔ   16  
120 stone *batu   1  
191 all *baya      
153 big *baŋkoʔ      
31 tooth *baʔaŋ   53/54  
30 mouth *baʔbaʔ   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *baʔkəs   111  
55 woman/female *bebene   1, 106  
55 woman/female *bene   1, 41  
181 where? word info *bisa which/where    
192 and *bo and; with; and (then)    
29 to sniff, smell *bow   71  
117 fruit *buaʔ   1  
92 to open, uncover *buka(ʔ)   1  
99 feather *bulbul   1, 68  
171 to hide word info *buni      
74 to kill *bunuʔ   1  
98 egg *bur2iŋa      
112 rotten word info *buruk bad, rotten 1, 102  
116 flower *buŋaŋ   1, 61  
26 hair word info *buʔuk   1, 65  
66 to tie up, fasten *bədbəd to bind, tie around    
93 to pound, beat word info *bəkbək   14, 52  
45 eye *bər2ən      
163 new *bəru   1, 54  
80 to split word info *bəsah      
4 leg/foot *bətiʔis calf (of leg) 23  
167 night *bəŋi      
23 blood *dahaʔ   1  
67 to sew word info *dahum sew; plait thatch    
6 road/path *dalan   1  
174 in, inside *daləm   1  
141 wet *daməs ~ *r1aməs   30  
122 water word info *dano   1, 55  
139 cold word info *date      
32 tongue *dilaʔ   4  
180 far *douʔ   1, 6  
198 Two word info *dua   1  
15 bone *duhi   2  
118 grass *dukut   2  
77 to scratch word info *garot      
196 to count *iap   2  
177 this *iaʔi   40  
59 mother *inaŋ   1, 74  
59 mother *inaʔ   1, 76  
50 to dream *ipi   1, 42  
105 tail *ipus   30  
31 tooth *ipən   1, 50  
147 black *itəm   1  
170 when? word info *kabisa   28, 71  
100 wing *kalebkeb      
90 to dig *kali   1  
185 we word info *kami exclusive 2, 51  
186 you *kamu   1, 38  
37 to eat *kan   1, 14  
77 to scratch word info *kar1ot   37, 78  
77 to scratch word info *karkar to scratch, dig out    
77 to scratch word info *karut to scrape out, scratch out 37, 78  
77 to scratch word info *kaskas      
2 left *kawihi   1, 42  
79 stick/wood *kayu 1st word: wood, tree 1  
33 to laugh *keʔkeʔ      
185 we word info *kita inclusive 1, 50  
41 to bite *kiʔkiʔ   69  
24 head *kokoŋ      
107 worm (earthworm) *koloati ~ *loloati   1  
12 skin *kulit   1  
157 thick word info *kurambər2 ~ *kunambər2      
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
5 to walk *lampaŋ      
104 fat/grease *lana oil 81  
124 sea *laud   6  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
25 neck *leheʔ      
101 to fly *lempad   21  
13 back word info *likud   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
35 to vomit *luaʔ   8  
36 to spit *ludaʔ   1, 30  
39 to cook word info *lutuʔ   20  
151 green *mataʔ   1  
149 red *mehaʔ      
13 back word info *muri behind, back, rear    
95 to fall word info *nabuʔ   1  
156 thin word info *nipis   1  
19 shoulder *paluka      
138 warm word info *pasuʔ hot 26  
74 to kill *pate   2  
75 to die, be dead *pate to die, kill 1, 35  
113 branch word info *paŋa   22  
203 Seven word info *pitu   1  
154 short word info *potot      
14 belly *poʔot   52, 83  
88 to squeeze word info *puhus to wring, squeeze, squeeze out    
206 Ten word info *puluʔ   5  
148 white *putiʔ   1  
140 dry word info *pər2a   55  
88 to squeeze word info *pəsut to press, squeeze, squeeze out    
88 to squeeze word info *pəsəl to squeeze, knead, massage    
210 One Thousand word info *r1ibu   5  
66 to tie up, fasten *r2akut   109  
152 small *r2intək fine, small 1, 131  
131 cloud word info *rambun   1, 108  
55 woman/female *raraha girl    
149 red *raŋdaŋ   105  
150 yellow *ririh yellow, pale, wan 29  
144 to burn word info *rəŋis      
193 if *sa if, when 75  
10 dirty *samək      
189 who? word info *sey   1, 51  
205 Nine word info *siow   5, 34  
187 they *sir2a   1  
71 to stab, pierce *sondaŋ to stab, dagger    
71 to stab, pierce *su(n)suk to piece, prick, sharp instrument 1  
18 breast *susu   1  
179 near *susut near; approach    
64 to say *suysuy to speak    
111 fish *sədaʔ   18  
153 big *səlah      
42 to suck *səpsəp   1  
137 to blow word info *səŋo      
104 fat/grease *tabaʔ   23  
81 sharp *tadəm   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *taktak      
65 rope *tali   1  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
127 woods/forest *talun   30  
119 earth/soil *tanaʔ   1  
84 to plant *tanəm   2  
124 sea *tasik   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *taʔu   1  
169 year *taʔun   1  
101 to fly *teleb to fly away, fade    
14 belly *tian   1  
89 to hold word info *timboy (?)    
16 intestines *tinaʔi   1  
53 person/human being *tow   1  
52 to stand *toʔod   2  
54 man/male *tuama   25  
71 to stab, pierce *tudaʔ to stab    
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
162 old word info *tuʔa   1  
81 sharp *təbəl      
93 to pound, beat word info *təktək to stick (post) sth. into the ground    
48 to sleep *təkəl   24  
199 Three word info *təlu   1  
91 to buy *tələs   12  
72 to hit word info *təna      
204 Eight word info *ualu   3  
133 rain *udan   1  
106 snake *ulah   2  
166 correct, true *ulit      
24 head *ulu   1  
107 worm (earthworm) *uləd   36  
174 in, inside *untəp inside, interior, to enter    
63 name *ŋar2an   1  
38 to chew word info *ŋaʔŋaʔ      
27 nose *ŋir2uŋ   27  
40 to drink *ələp   58  
202 Six word info *ənəm   1  
200 Four word info *əpat   1  
121 sand *ər2is   86  
197 One word info *əsa   1  

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