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Language: Proto-Minahasan

Source/Author:  James N. Sneddon 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:  Glottocode: mina1272 
Notes:  Sneddon, James N. 1978. Proto-Minahasan: phonology, morphology, and wordlist. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Minahasan 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
11 dust      
21 to think      
22 to fear      
34 to cry      
44 to hear      
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
51 to sit      
57 husband      
58 wife      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
73 to steal      
76 to live, be alive      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
94 to throw word info      
97 bird      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh      
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
114 leaf      
123 to flow      
126 lake      
129 moon      
130 star      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind      
142 heavy      
145 smoke word info      
155 long word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
168 day      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
178 that      
183 thou      
184 he/she      
188 what? word info      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
2 left *kawihi   1, 42  
4 leg/foot *aʔe   1  
5 to walk *lampaŋ      
6 road/path *dalan   1  
7 to come *ahi      
10 dirty *samək      
12 skin *kulit   1  
12 skin *balulaŋ   64  
13 back word info *likud   1  
14 belly *tian   1  
14 belly *poʔot   52, 83  
15 bone *duhi   2  
16 intestines *tinaʔi   1  
17 liver *ate   1  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *paluka      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *taʔu   1  
23 blood *dahaʔ   1  
24 head *ulu   1  
24 head *kokoŋ      
25 neck *leheʔ      
26 hair word info *buʔuk   1, 65  
27 nose *ŋir2uŋ   27  
28 to breathe *asəŋ   23  
29 to sniff, smell *bow   71  
30 mouth *baʔbaʔ   1  
31 tooth *ipən   1, 50  
31 tooth *baʔaŋ   53/54  
32 tongue *dilaʔ   4  
33 to laugh *keʔkeʔ      
35 to vomit *luaʔ   8  
36 to spit *ludaʔ   1, 30  
37 to eat *kan   1, 14  
38 to chew word info *ŋaʔŋaʔ      
39 to cook word info *lutuʔ   20  
40 to drink *ələp   58  
41 to bite *kiʔkiʔ   69  
42 to suck *səpsəp   1  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
45 eye *bər2ən      
48 to sleep *təkəl   24  
50 to dream *ipi   1, 42  
52 to stand *toʔod   2  
53 person/human being *tow   1  
54 man/male *tuama   25  
55 woman/female *bebene   1, 106  
55 woman/female *bene   1, 41  
56 child *anak   1  
56 child *bataʔ   16  
59 mother *inaʔ   1, 76  
59 mother *inaŋ   1, 74  
60 father *amaʔ   1, 18  
60 father *amaŋ   1, 38  
61 house *bale   14  
62 thatch/roof *atəp   1  
63 name *ŋar2an   1  
65 rope *tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *r2akut   109  
66 to tie up, fasten *baʔkəs   111  
72 to hit word info *təna      
74 to kill *pate   2  
74 to kill *bunuʔ   1  
77 to scratch word info *garot      
77 to scratch word info *kar1ot   37, 78  
77 to scratch word info *kaskas      
78 to cut, hack word info *taktak      
80 to split word info *bəsah      
81 sharp *tadəm   1  
81 sharp *təbəl      
84 to plant *tanəm   2  
90 to dig *kali   1  
91 to buy *tələs   12  
92 to open, uncover *buka(ʔ)   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *bəkbək   14, 52  
95 to fall word info *nabuʔ   1  
96 dog *asu   1  
98 egg *atəluh   1, 61  
98 egg *bur2iŋa      
99 feather *bulbul   1, 68  
100 wing *kalebkeb      
101 to fly *lempad   21  
104 fat/grease *tabaʔ   23  
105 tail *ipus   30  
106 snake *ulah   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *uləd   36  
107 worm (earthworm) *koloati ~ *loloati   1  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
111 fish *sədaʔ   18  
113 branch word info *paŋa   22  
115 root *ahmut   3, 53  
116 flower *buŋaŋ   1, 61  
117 fruit *buaʔ   1  
118 grass *dukut   2  
119 earth/soil *tanaʔ   1  
120 stone *batu   1  
121 sand *ər2is   86  
122 water word info *dano   1, 55  
124 sea *tasik   1  
124 sea *laud   6  
125 salt *asin   3  
127 woods/forest *talun   30  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
131 cloud word info *rambun   1, 108  
133 rain *udan   1  
137 to blow word info *səŋo      
139 cold word info *date      
140 dry word info *pər2a   55  
141 wet *daməs ~ *r1aməs   30  
143 fire *api   1  
144 to burn word info *rəŋis      
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
146 ash *abu   1  
147 black *itəm   1  
148 white *putiʔ   1  
149 red *mehaʔ      
149 red *raŋdaŋ   105  
151 green *mataʔ   1  
153 big *baŋkoʔ      
153 big *səlah      
154 short word info *potot      
156 thin word info *nipis   1  
157 thick word info *kurambər2 ~ *kunambər2      
162 old word info *tuʔa   1  
163 new *bəru   1, 54  
166 correct, true *ulit      
167 night *bəŋi      
169 year *taʔun   1  
170 when? word info *kabisa   28, 71  
171 to hide word info *buni      
174 in, inside *daləm   1  
175 above *babo   2  
176 below *babaʔ   1  
177 this *iaʔi   40  
180 far *douʔ   1, 6  
182 I *aku   1, 5  
186 you *kamu   1, 38  
187 they *sir2a   1  
189 who? word info *sey   1, 51  
190 other *balina   17  
191 all *baya      
196 to count *iap   2  
197 One word info *əsa   1  
198 Two word info *dua   1  
199 Three word info *təlu   1  
200 Four word info *əpat   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info *ənəm   1  
203 Seven word info *pitu   1  
204 Eight word info *ualu   3  
205 Nine word info *siow   5, 34  
206 Ten word info *puluʔ   5  
209 One Hundred word info *atus   4  
210 One Thousand word info *r1ibu   5  
89 to hold word info *timboy (?)    
79 stick/wood *kayu 1st word: wood, tree 1  
192 and *bo and; with; and (then)    
112 rotten word info *buruk bad, rotten 1, 102  
13 back word info *muri behind, back, rear    
4 leg/foot *bətiʔis calf (of leg) 23  
185 we word info *kami exclusive 2, 51  
152 small *r2intək fine, small 1, 131  
55 woman/female *raraha girl    
138 warm word info *pasuʔ hot 26  
193 if *sa if, when 75  
185 we word info *kita inclusive 1, 50  
174 in, inside *untəp inside, interior, to enter    
179 near *susut near; approach    
104 fat/grease *lana oil 81  
67 to sew word info *dahum sew; plait thatch    
87 to swell word info *baheʔ swelling 1  
66 to tie up, fasten *bədbəd to bind, tie around    
75 to die, be dead *pate to die, kill 1, 35  
101 to fly *teleb to fly away, fade    
71 to stab, pierce *su(n)suk to piece, prick, sharp instrument 1  
88 to squeeze word info *pəsut to press, squeeze, squeeze out    
77 to scratch word info *karut to scrape out, scratch out 37, 78  
77 to scratch word info *karkar to scratch, dig out    
64 to say *suysuy to speak    
88 to squeeze word info *pəsəl to squeeze, knead, massage    
71 to stab, pierce *tudaʔ to stab    
71 to stab, pierce *sondaŋ to stab, dagger    
93 to pound, beat word info *təktək to stick (post) sth. into the ground    
88 to squeeze word info *puhus to wring, squeeze, squeeze out    
181 where? word info *bisa which/where    
150 yellow *ririh yellow, pale, wan 29  

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