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Language: Proto-Minahasan

Source/Author:  James N. Sneddon 
Notes:  Sneddon, James N. 1978. Proto-Minahasan: phonology, morphology, and wordlist. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Minahasan 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
2 left *kawihi   1, 42  
3 right      
4 leg/foot *aʔe      
4 leg/foot *bətiʔis calf (of leg)    
5 to walk *lampaŋ      
6 road/path *dalan      
7 to come *ahi      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty *samək      
11 dust      
12 skin *kulit   1  
12 skin *balulaŋ   64  
13 back word info *likud   1  
13 back word info *muri behind, back, rear    
14 belly *tian   1  
14 belly *poʔot   52, 83  
15 bone *duhi   2  
16 intestines *tinaʔi   1  
17 liver *ate   1  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *paluka      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *taʔu   1  
21 to think      
22 to fear      
23 blood *dahaʔ   1  
24 head *ulu   1  
24 head *kokoŋ      
25 neck *leheʔ      
26 hair word info *buʔuk   1, 65  
27 nose *ŋir2uŋ   27  
28 to breathe *asəŋ   23  
29 to sniff, smell *bow   71  
30 mouth *baʔbaʔ   1  
31 tooth *ipən   1, 50  
31 tooth *baʔaŋ   53/54  
32 tongue *dilaʔ   4  
33 to laugh *keʔkeʔ      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit *luaʔ   8  
36 to spit *ludaʔ   1, 30  
37 to eat *kan   1, 14  
38 to chew word info *ŋaʔŋaʔ      
39 to cook word info *lutuʔ   20  
40 to drink *ələp   58  
41 to bite *kiʔkiʔ   69  
42 to suck *səpsəp   1  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
44 to hear      
45 eye *bər2ən      
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep *təkəl   24  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream *ipi   1, 42  
51 to sit      
52 to stand *toʔod   2  
53 person/human being *tow   1  
54 man/male *tuama   25  
55 woman/female *bebene   1, 106  
55 woman/female *bene   1, 41  
55 woman/female *raraha girl    
56 child *anak   1  
56 child *bataʔ   16  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother *inaʔ   1, 76  
59 mother *inaŋ   1, 74  
60 father *amaʔ   1, 18  
60 father *amaŋ   1, 38  
61 house *bale   14  
62 thatch/roof *atəp   1  
63 name *ŋar2an   1  
64 to say *suysuy to speak    
65 rope *tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *r2akut   109  
66 to tie up, fasten *baʔkəs   111  
66 to tie up, fasten *bədbəd to bind, tie around    
67 to sew word info *dahum sew; plait thatch    
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce *sondaŋ to stab, dagger    
71 to stab, pierce *su(n)suk to piece, prick, sharp instrument 1  
71 to stab, pierce *tudaʔ to stab    
72 to hit word info *təna      
73 to steal      
74 to kill *pate   2  
74 to kill *bunuʔ   1  
75 to die, be dead *pate to die, kill 1, 35  
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info *garot      
77 to scratch word info *kar1ot   37, 78  
77 to scratch word info *karut to scrape out, scratch out 37, 78  
77 to scratch word info *karkar to scratch, dig out    
77 to scratch word info *kaskas      
78 to cut, hack word info *taktak      
79 stick/wood *kayu 1st word: wood, tree 1  
80 to split word info *bəsah      
81 sharp *tadəm   1  
81 sharp *təbəl      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant *tanəm   2  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info *baheʔ swelling 1  
88 to squeeze word info *pəsəl to squeeze, knead, massage    
88 to squeeze word info *pəsut to press, squeeze, squeeze out    
88 to squeeze word info *puhus to wring, squeeze, squeeze out    
89 to hold word info *timboy (?)    
90 to dig *kali   1  
91 to buy *tələs   12  
92 to open, uncover *buka(ʔ)   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *bəkbək   14, 52  
93 to pound, beat word info *təktək to stick (post) sth. into the ground    
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info *nabuʔ   1  
96 dog *asu   1  
97 bird      
98 egg *atəluh   1, 61  
98 egg *bur2iŋa      
99 feather *bulbul   1, 68  
100 wing *kalebkeb      
101 to fly *lempad   21  
101 to fly *teleb to fly away, fade    
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease *tabaʔ   23  
104 fat/grease *lana oil 81  
105 tail *ipus   30  
106 snake *ulah   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *uləd   36  
107 worm (earthworm) *koloati ~ *loloati   1  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
111 fish *sədaʔ   18  
112 rotten word info *buruk bad, rotten 1, 102  
113 branch word info *paŋa   22  
114 leaf      
115 root *ahmut   3, 53  
116 flower *buŋaŋ   1, 61  
117 fruit *buaʔ   1  
118 grass *dukut   2  
119 earth/soil *tanaʔ   1  
120 stone *batu   1  
121 sand *ər2is   86  
122 water word info *dano   1, 55  
123 to flow      
124 sea *tasik   1  
124 sea *laud   6  
125 salt *asin   3  
126 lake      
127 woods/forest *talun   30  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
129 moon      
130 star      
131 cloud word info *rambun   1, 108  
132 fog      
133 rain *udan   1  
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind      
137 to blow word info *səŋo      
138 warm word info *pasuʔ hot 26  
139 cold word info *date      
140 dry word info *pər2a   55  
141 wet *daməs ~ *r1aməs   30  
142 heavy      
143 fire *api   1  
144 to burn word info *rəŋis      
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
145 smoke word info      
146 ash *abu   1  
147 black *itəm   1  
148 white *putiʔ   1  
149 red *mehaʔ      
149 red *raŋdaŋ   105  
150 yellow *ririh yellow, pale, wan 29  
151 green *mataʔ   1  
152 small *r2intək fine, small 1, 131  
153 big *baŋkoʔ      
153 big *səlah      
154 short word info *potot      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info *nipis   1  
157 thick word info *kurambər2 ~ *kunambər2      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info *tuʔa   1  
163 new *bəru   1, 54  
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true *ulit      
167 night *bəŋi      
168 day      
169 year *taʔun   1  
170 when? word info *kabisa   28, 71  
171 to hide word info *buni      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside *daləm   1  
174 in, inside *untəp inside, interior, to enter    
175 above *babo   2  
176 below *babaʔ   1  
177 this *iaʔi   40  
178 that      
179 near *susut near; approach    
180 far *douʔ   1, 6  
181 where? word info *bisa which/where    
182 I *aku   1, 5  
183 thou      
184 he/she      
185 we word info *kita inclusive 1, 50  
185 we word info *kami exclusive 2, 51  
186 you *kamu   1, 38  
187 they *sir2a   1  
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info *sey   1, 51  
190 other *balina   17  
191 all *baya      
192 and *bo and; with; and (then)    
193 if *sa if, when 75  
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count *iap   2  
197 One word info *əsa   1  
198 Two word info *dua   1  
199 Three word info *təlu   1  
200 Four word info *əpat   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info *ənəm   1  
203 Seven word info *pitu   1  
204 Eight word info *ualu   3  
205 Nine word info *siow   5, 34  
206 Ten word info *puluʔ   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info *atus   4  
210 One Thousand word info *r1ibu   5  

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