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Language: Proto-Hlai (Ostapirat)

Source/Author:  Weera Ostapirat 
Notes:  Ostapirat, Weera. 2004. "Proto-Hlai Sound System and Lexicons." In 林英津 / Yingjin Lin, et. al (eds.) 2004. 漢藏語研究: 龔煌城先生七秩壽慶論文集 [Studies on Sino-Tibetan languages: Papers in honor of Professor Hwang-cherng Gong on his Seventieth birthday]. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 162
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Hlai  
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 2 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above *anɨ A   32  
191 all      
192 and      
146 ash *sa:u C   43  
173 at      
13 back word info *ʔdu:n The form may go back to *ʔidu:n C, based on evidence from Cun /tsuən3/ 'back'    
165 bad, evil      
14 belly *amuk stomach 46  
176 below      
153 big *luŋ A   58  
97 bird *sac   38  
147 black *(ʔ)dam C   1  
23 blood *ala:c   28  
15 bone *urɨ:k   1?  
113 branch word info *ka A   27  
113 branch word info *ŋa:m B      
18 breast *apan C chest    
56 child *alɨ:k   1  
131 cloud word info *apa C cloud, sky 70  
139 cold word info *ka:i B   67  
166 correct, true      
168 day *awan A   41  
10 dirty      
96 dog *ama A   61  
140 dry word info *kal B      
140 dry word info *(ʔ)da:u A   64  
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear *ilai A   29  
119 earth/soil      
98 egg *ajɨ:m A   43  
204 Eight word info *aRu A cf walu (LS) 1  
45 eye *ata A   1  
180 far *lai A   54  
104 fat/grease *aRu:i C      
60 father *pa C male, father 26  
99 feather      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire *api A   1  
111 fish *ala A   67  
201 Five word info *ama A   1  
116 flower *ata:ŋ A   47  
132 fog *ukən A cloud 48  
132 fog *aŋa:u C cloud, shadow    
200 Four word info *atəu C   10  
117 fruit *atəm A fruit 25  
117 fruit *ma:k fruit (flesh) 24  
164 good *alin A   84  
118 grass      
151 green *ki:u A   50  
26 hair word info *uku:n A      
1 hand *mɨ A   1  
184 he/she      
24 head *uRəu C   1  
142 heavy *kɨn A   43  
61 house *arɨ:n A      
61 house *pəluŋ C   38  
194 how? word info      
57 husband *alɨ A      
182 I *aku A   1  
193 if      
174 in, inside      
16 intestines *ara:i C   46  
126 lake      
114 leaf *bɨ A   2?  
2 left *awi:ŋ A   48  
4 leg/foot *kuk   31  
135 lightning *alip   55  
17 liver *ŋa:n A      
155 long word info *ana:u C   1  
108 louse word info *utu A head louse 1  
108 louse word info *tan A body louse    
54 man/male *ma:n A male (person) 52?  
103 meat/flesh      
129 moon *ɲa:n A   42  
109 mosquito *ɲu:ŋ A   58  
59 mother *amai C female, mother 39  
30 mouth *amam C   19  
63 name *pa:ŋ A   14  
158 narrow *(ʔ)bi:p   42  
179 near *pəlal C      
25 neck *iluŋ C   50  
68 needle *aŋuc   8  
163 new *ala:u C      
163 new *ama:n A   27  
163 new *nəu C   30  
167 night *cap   38  
205 Nine word info *upal C 5? LS 5?  
195 no, not      
27 nose *kat nose 13  
27 nose *(ʔ)daŋ A face 1  
162 old word info *kau B old (generic) 93  
162 old word info *aja A old (person)    
197 One word info *cɨ C   1  
209 One Hundred word info *uRa:n A   30  
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other      
160 painful, sick *(i)tuk   63  
53 person/human being *(ʔ)kun A person    
53 person/human being *alai A people    
133 rain *apun A   37  
102 rat *aniu A   59?  
149 red      
3 right      
6 road/path *gu:n A   27?  
115 root      
65 rope *də:i A rope, hemp 16  
112 rotten word info *tui A to rot 63  
125 salt *ɲa:u C   23  
121 sand      
124 sea      
203 Seven word info *ʔtu A   1  
81 sharp *cəm A      
154 short word info *tal C short (height)    
19 shoulder *aʋa B   1  
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info *(ə)num A   1  
12 skin *nəŋ A   56  
128 sky *apa C cloud, sky 48  
152 small      
145 smoke word info      
106 snake *ila B   1  
110 spider      
130 star *ara:u A   1  
79 stick/wood *ca:k wood    
120 stone *ci:n A   28  
105 tail *cuc   16?  
206 Ten word info *apu:c   1  
178 that *ma B   22  
62 thatch/roof      
187 they      
157 thick word info *na A   47  
156 thin word info *aRɨ A   37  
177 this *ni B   1  
183 thou *mɨ A   1  
199 Three word info *utu C   1?  
134 thunder *arəŋ A thunder, noise 1?  
41 to bite      
137 to blow word info      
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info *ʔcui C to burn    
144 to burn word info *ʔbaŋ A to burn, ignite    
91 to buy *atac   34  
38 to chew word info *sa:k   39  
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come *(ə)mɨ:n A   1?  
39 to cook word info *arəŋ A   61  
196 to count      
34 to cry      
78 to cut, hack word info *(ʔ)bi:u C      
75 to die, be dead *ala:u B   29  
90 to dig      
50 to dream *apan A   8  
40 to drink *ika:u A   21  
37 to eat      
95 to fall word info *ʔtuk   76  
22 to fear *(ʔ)da C   11  
123 to flow      
101 to fly *(ʔ)bin A   54  
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear *pəlɨ A   24  
171 to hide word info *maɲ A      
72 to hit word info *(ʔ)ta:i B   14  
89 to hold word info *amək      
69 to hunt word info *aRip      
74 to kill *akau C   38  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *(ʔ)ku:ŋ   54  
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive *uri:p raw 1  
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant *uRa A ~ *uga A to plant, sow 1  
93 to pound, beat word info *lu:n A      
64 to say      
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see *la:i C   54  
67 to sew word info *ɲap   29  
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit *juŋ C   27  
48 to sleep *(ə)ŋɨu B   67  
48 to sleep *jən A to sleep, doze off    
48 to sleep *ŋut      
29 to sniff, smell *aka:i A   58  
36 to spit      
80 to split word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand *ju:n A   43  
73 to steal *iluk   34  
42 to suck *iru:c      
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim *pəli A      
21 to think      
94 to throw word info      
66 to tie up, fasten *apət to tie 67  
66 to tie up, fasten *ŋən B to tie, fasten    
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit *apa:k   2  
5 to walk *api A to go, walk 86  
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn *ga:u A      
47 to yawn *aŋa:p   18  
32 tongue *ali:n C   36  
31 tooth *ipan A   1  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info *alau C could be set 1 (LS) 16  
138 warm word info *utau C   68  
122 water word info *nam C   1  
185 we word info *aRau A   11  
141 wet *aman C   56  
188 what? word info      
170 when? word info      
181 where? word info      
148 white *ka:u A   62  
189 who? word info      
159 wide      
58 wife      
136 wind *awiu A   59?  
136 wind *awət also means 'ghost, spirit', cf. PAN *qanitu 'spirit, soul' 59  
100 wing *pi:k   55  
55 woman/female *(ʔ)kəu B   22  
127 woods/forest *aRaŋ A      
127 woods/forest *kəŋ A      
127 woods/forest *da:u C forest, hill    
107 worm (earthworm) *ikan B insect, worm 30  
107 worm (earthworm) *awi:u B worm (small) 40  
169 year      
150 yellow *ila:ŋ A   56  
186 you      

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