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Language: Proto-Hlai (Ostapirat)

Source/Author:  Weera Ostapirat 
Notes:  Ostapirat, Weera. 2004. "Proto-Hlai Sound System and Lexicons." In 林英津 / Yingjin Lin, et. al (eds.) 2004. 漢藏語研究: 龔煌城先生七秩壽慶論文集 [Studies on Sino-Tibetan languages: Papers in honor of Professor Hwang-cherng Gong on his Seventieth birthday]. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 162
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Hlai  
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 2 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
21 to think      
28 to breathe      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
36 to spit      
37 to eat      
41 to bite      
49 to lie down word info      
58 wife      
62 thatch/roof      
64 to say      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
77 to scratch word info      
80 to split word info      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
90 to dig      
92 to open, uncover      
94 to throw word info      
99 feather      
103 meat/flesh      
110 spider      
115 root      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
121 sand      
123 to flow      
124 sea      
126 lake      
137 to blow word info      
145 smoke word info      
149 red      
152 small      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
170 when? word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
176 below      
181 where? word info      
184 he/she      
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
160 painful, sick *(i)tuk   63  
7 to come *(ə)mɨ:n A   1?  
202 Six word info *(ə)num A   1  
48 to sleep *(ə)ŋɨu B   67  
158 narrow *(ʔ)bi:p   42  
78 to cut, hack word info *(ʔ)bi:u C      
101 to fly *(ʔ)bin A   54  
22 to fear *(ʔ)da C   11  
140 dry word info *(ʔ)da:u A   64  
147 black *(ʔ)dam C   1  
27 nose *(ʔ)daŋ A face 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *(ʔ)ku:ŋ   54  
53 person/human being *(ʔ)kun A person    
55 woman/female *(ʔ)kəu B   22  
72 to hit word info *(ʔ)ta:i B   14  
185 we word info *aRau A   11  
127 woods/forest *aRaŋ A      
69 to hunt word info *aRip      
204 Eight word info *aRu A cf walu (LS) 1  
104 fat/grease *aRu:i C      
156 thin word info *aRɨ A   37  
162 old word info *aja A old (person)    
98 egg *ajɨ:m A   43  
29 to sniff, smell *aka:i A   58  
74 to kill *akau C   38  
182 I *aku A   1  
111 fish *ala A   67  
23 blood *ala:c   28  
75 to die, be dead *ala:u B   29  
163 new *ala:u C      
53 person/human being *alai A people    
198 Two word info *alau C could be set 1 (LS) 16  
32 tongue *ali:n C   36  
164 good *alin A   84  
135 lightning *alip   55  
57 husband *alɨ A      
56 child *alɨ:k   1  
96 dog *ama A   61  
201 Five word info *ama A   1  
163 new *ama:n A   27  
59 mother *amai C female, mother 39  
30 mouth *amam C   19  
141 wet *aman C   56  
14 belly *amuk stomach 46  
89 to hold word info *amək      
155 long word info *ana:u C   1  
102 rat *aniu A   59?  
175 above *anɨ A   32  
128 sky *apa C cloud, sky 48  
131 cloud word info *apa C cloud, sky 70  
35 to vomit *apa:k   2  
50 to dream *apan A   8  
18 breast *apan C chest    
5 to walk *api A to go, walk 86  
143 fire *api A   1  
206 Ten word info *apu:c   1  
133 rain *apun A   37  
66 to tie up, fasten *apət to tie 67  
16 intestines *ara:i C   46  
130 star *ara:u A   1  
39 to cook word info *arəŋ A   61  
134 thunder *arəŋ A thunder, noise 1?  
61 house *arɨ:n A      
45 eye *ata A   1  
116 flower *ata:ŋ A   47  
91 to buy *atac   34  
117 fruit *atəm A fruit 25  
200 Four word info *atəu C   10  
168 day *awan A   41  
107 worm (earthworm) *awi:u B worm (small) 40  
2 left *awi:ŋ A   48  
136 wind *awiu A   59?  
136 wind *awət also means 'ghost, spirit', cf. PAN *qanitu 'spirit, soul' 59  
47 to yawn *aŋa:p   18  
132 fog *aŋa:u C cloud, shadow    
68 needle *aŋuc   8  
19 shoulder *aʋa B   1  
114 leaf *bɨ A   2?  
79 stick/wood *ca:k wood    
167 night *cap   38  
120 stone *ci:n A   28  
105 tail *cuc   16?  
81 sharp *cəm A      
197 One word info *cɨ C   1  
127 woods/forest *da:u C forest, hill    
65 rope *də:i A rope, hemp 16  
47 to yawn *ga:u A      
6 road/path *gu:n A   27?  
40 to drink *ika:u A   21  
107 worm (earthworm) *ikan B insect, worm 30  
106 snake *ila B   1  
150 yellow *ila:ŋ A   56  
43 ear *ilai A   29  
73 to steal *iluk   34  
25 neck *iluŋ C   50  
31 tooth *ipan A   1  
42 to suck *iru:c      
52 to stand *ju:n A   43  
51 to sit *juŋ C   27  
48 to sleep *jən A to sleep, doze off    
113 branch word info *ka A   27  
139 cold word info *ka:i B   67  
148 white *ka:u A   62  
140 dry word info *kal B      
27 nose *kat nose 13  
162 old word info *kau B old (generic) 93  
151 green *ki:u A   50  
4 leg/foot *kuk   31  
127 woods/forest *kəŋ A      
142 heavy *kɨn A   43  
46 to see *la:i C   54  
180 far *lai A   54  
93 to pound, beat word info *lu:n A      
153 big *luŋ A   58  
178 that *ma B   22  
117 fruit *ma:k fruit (flesh) 24  
54 man/male *ma:n A male (person) 52?  
171 to hide word info *maɲ A      
1 hand *mɨ A   1  
183 thou *mɨ A   1  
157 thick word info *na A   47  
122 water word info *nam C   1  
177 this *ni B   1  
163 new *nəu C   30  
12 skin *nəŋ A   56  
60 father *pa C male, father 26  
63 name *pa:ŋ A   14  
100 wing *pi:k   55  
179 near *pəlal C      
9 to swim *pəli A      
61 house *pəluŋ C   38  
44 to hear *pəlɨ A   24  
38 to chew word info *sa:k   39  
146 ash *sa:u C   43  
97 bird *sac   38  
154 short word info *tal C short (height)    
108 louse word info *tan A body louse    
112 rotten word info *tui A to rot 63  
84 to plant *uRa A ~ *uga A to plant, sow 1  
209 One Hundred word info *uRa:n A   30  
24 head *uRəu C   1  
26 hair word info *uku:n A      
132 fog *ukən A cloud 48  
205 Nine word info *upal C 5? LS 5?  
76 to live, be alive *uri:p raw 1  
15 bone *urɨ:k   1?  
138 warm word info *utau C   68  
108 louse word info *utu A head louse 1  
199 Three word info *utu C   1?  
113 branch word info *ŋa:m B      
17 liver *ŋa:n A      
48 to sleep *ŋut      
66 to tie up, fasten *ŋən B to tie, fasten    
129 moon *ɲa:n A   42  
125 salt *ɲa:u C   23  
67 to sew word info *ɲap   29  
109 mosquito *ɲu:ŋ A   58  
144 to burn word info *ʔbaŋ A to burn, ignite    
144 to burn word info *ʔcui C to burn    
13 back word info *ʔdu:n The form may go back to *ʔidu:n C, based on evidence from Cun /tsuən3/ 'back'    
203 Seven word info *ʔtu A   1  
95 to fall word info *ʔtuk   76  

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