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Language: Proto-Hlai (Ostapirat)

Source/Author:  Weera Ostapirat 
Notes:  Ostapirat, Weera. 2004. "Proto-Hlai Sound System and Lexicons." In 林英津 / Yingjin Lin, et. al (eds.) 2004. 漢藏語研究: 龔煌城先生七秩壽慶論文集 [Studies on Sino-Tibetan languages: Papers in honor of Professor Hwang-cherng Gong on his Seventieth birthday]. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 162
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Hlai  
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 2 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
21 to think      
28 to breathe      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
36 to spit      
37 to eat      
41 to bite      
49 to lie down word info      
58 wife      
62 thatch/roof      
64 to say      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
77 to scratch word info      
80 to split word info      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
90 to dig      
92 to open, uncover      
94 to throw word info      
99 feather      
103 meat/flesh      
110 spider      
115 root      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
121 sand      
123 to flow      
124 sea      
126 lake      
137 to blow word info      
145 smoke word info      
149 red      
152 small      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
170 when? word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
176 below      
181 where? word info      
184 he/she      
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
9 to swim *pəli A      
13 back word info *ʔdu:n The form may go back to *ʔidu:n C, based on evidence from Cun /tsuən3/ 'back'    
17 liver *ŋa:n A      
18 breast *apan C chest    
26 hair word info *uku:n A      
42 to suck *iru:c      
47 to yawn *ga:u A      
48 to sleep *jən A to sleep, doze off    
48 to sleep *ŋut      
53 person/human being *(ʔ)kun A person    
53 person/human being *alai A people    
57 husband *alɨ A      
61 house *arɨ:n A      
66 to tie up, fasten *ŋən B to tie, fasten    
69 to hunt word info *aRip      
78 to cut, hack word info *(ʔ)bi:u C      
79 stick/wood *ca:k wood    
81 sharp *cəm A      
89 to hold word info *amək      
93 to pound, beat word info *lu:n A      
104 fat/grease *aRu:i C      
108 louse word info *tan A body louse    
113 branch word info *ŋa:m B      
127 woods/forest *aRaŋ A      
127 woods/forest *kəŋ A      
127 woods/forest *da:u C forest, hill    
132 fog *aŋa:u C cloud, shadow    
140 dry word info *kal B      
144 to burn word info *ʔcui C to burn    
144 to burn word info *ʔbaŋ A to burn, ignite    
154 short word info *tal C short (height)    
162 old word info *aja A old (person)    
163 new *ala:u C      
171 to hide word info *maɲ A      
179 near *pəlal C      
1 hand *mɨ A   1  
19 shoulder *aʋa B   1  
24 head *uRəu C   1  
27 nose *(ʔ)daŋ A face 1  
31 tooth *ipan A   1  
45 eye *ata A   1  
56 child *alɨ:k   1  
76 to live, be alive *uri:p raw 1  
84 to plant *uRa A ~ *uga A to plant, sow 1  
106 snake *ila B   1  
108 louse word info *utu A head louse 1  
122 water word info *nam C   1  
130 star *ara:u A   1  
143 fire *api A   1  
147 black *(ʔ)dam C   1  
155 long word info *ana:u C   1  
177 this *ni B   1  
182 I *aku A   1  
183 thou *mɨ A   1  
197 One word info *cɨ C   1  
201 Five word info *ama A   1  
202 Six word info *(ə)num A   1  
203 Seven word info *ʔtu A   1  
204 Eight word info *aRu A cf walu (LS) 1  
206 Ten word info *apu:c   1  
200 Four word info *atəu C   10  
22 to fear *(ʔ)da C   11  
185 we word info *aRau A   11  
27 nose *kat nose 13  
63 name *pa:ŋ A   14  
72 to hit word info *(ʔ)ta:i B   14  
65 rope *də:i A rope, hemp 16  
198 Two word info *alau C could be set 1 (LS) 16  
105 tail *cuc   16?  
47 to yawn *aŋa:p   18  
30 mouth *amam C   19  
7 to come *(ə)mɨ:n A   1?  
15 bone *urɨ:k   1?  
134 thunder *arəŋ A thunder, noise 1?  
199 Three word info *utu C   1?  
35 to vomit *apa:k   2  
40 to drink *ika:u A   21  
55 woman/female *(ʔ)kəu B   22  
178 that *ma B   22  
125 salt *ɲa:u C   23  
44 to hear *pəlɨ A   24  
117 fruit *ma:k fruit (flesh) 24  
117 fruit *atəm A fruit 25  
60 father *pa C male, father 26  
51 to sit *juŋ C   27  
113 branch word info *ka A   27  
163 new *ama:n A   27  
6 road/path *gu:n A   27?  
23 blood *ala:c   28  
120 stone *ci:n A   28  
43 ear *ilai A   29  
67 to sew word info *ɲap   29  
75 to die, be dead *ala:u B   29  
114 leaf *bɨ A   2?  
107 worm (earthworm) *ikan B insect, worm 30  
163 new *nəu C   30  
209 One Hundred word info *uRa:n A   30  
4 leg/foot *kuk   31  
175 above *anɨ A   32  
73 to steal *iluk   34  
91 to buy *atac   34  
32 tongue *ali:n C   36  
133 rain *apun A   37  
156 thin word info *aRɨ A   37  
61 house *pəluŋ C   38  
74 to kill *akau C   38  
97 bird *sac   38  
167 night *cap   38  
38 to chew word info *sa:k   39  
59 mother *amai C female, mother 39  
107 worm (earthworm) *awi:u B worm (small) 40  
168 day *awan A   41  
129 moon *ɲa:n A   42  
158 narrow *(ʔ)bi:p   42  
52 to stand *ju:n A   43  
98 egg *ajɨ:m A   43  
142 heavy *kɨn A   43  
146 ash *sa:u C   43  
14 belly *amuk stomach 46  
16 intestines *ara:i C   46  
116 flower *ata:ŋ A   47  
157 thick word info *na A   47  
2 left *awi:ŋ A   48  
128 sky *apa C cloud, sky 48  
132 fog *ukən A cloud 48  
25 neck *iluŋ C   50  
151 green *ki:u A   50  
54 man/male *ma:n A male (person) 52?  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *(ʔ)ku:ŋ   54  
46 to see *la:i C   54  
101 to fly *(ʔ)bin A   54  
180 far *lai A   54  
100 wing *pi:k   55  
135 lightning *alip   55  
12 skin *nəŋ A   56  
141 wet *aman C   56  
150 yellow *ila:ŋ A   56  
29 to sniff, smell *aka:i A   58  
109 mosquito *ɲu:ŋ A   58  
153 big *luŋ A   58  
136 wind *awət also means 'ghost, spirit', cf. PAN *qanitu 'spirit, soul' 59  
102 rat *aniu A   59?  
136 wind *awiu A   59?  
205 Nine word info *upal C 5? LS 5?  
39 to cook word info *arəŋ A   61  
96 dog *ama A   61  
148 white *ka:u A   62  
112 rotten word info *tui A to rot 63  
160 painful, sick *(i)tuk   63  
140 dry word info *(ʔ)da:u A   64  
48 to sleep *(ə)ŋɨu B   67  
66 to tie up, fasten *apət to tie 67  
111 fish *ala A   67  
139 cold word info *ka:i B   67  
138 warm word info *utau C   68  
131 cloud word info *apa C cloud, sky 70  
95 to fall word info *ʔtuk   76  
50 to dream *apan A   8  
68 needle *aŋuc   8  
164 good *alin A   84  
5 to walk *api A to go, walk 86  
162 old word info *kau B old (generic) 93  

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