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Language: Proto-Hlai (Ostapirat)

Source/Author:  Weera Ostapirat 
Notes:  Ostapirat, Weera. 2004. "Proto-Hlai Sound System and Lexicons." In 林英津 / Yingjin Lin, et. al (eds.) 2004. 漢藏語研究: 龔煌城先生七秩壽慶論文集 [Studies on Sino-Tibetan languages: Papers in honor of Professor Hwang-cherng Gong on his Seventieth birthday]. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 162
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Hlai  
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 2 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
21 to think      
28 to breathe      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
36 to spit      
37 to eat      
41 to bite      
49 to lie down word info      
58 wife      
62 thatch/roof      
64 to say      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
77 to scratch word info      
80 to split word info      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
90 to dig      
92 to open, uncover      
94 to throw word info      
99 feather      
103 meat/flesh      
110 spider      
115 root      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
121 sand      
123 to flow      
124 sea      
126 lake      
137 to blow word info      
145 smoke word info      
149 red      
152 small      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
170 when? word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
176 below      
181 where? word info      
184 he/she      
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand *mɨ A   1  
2 left *awi:ŋ A   48  
4 leg/foot *kuk   31  
6 road/path *gu:n A   27?  
7 to come *(ə)mɨ:n A   1?  
9 to swim *pəli A      
12 skin *nəŋ A   56  
15 bone *urɨ:k   1?  
16 intestines *ara:i C   46  
17 liver *ŋa:n A      
19 shoulder *aʋa B   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *(ʔ)ku:ŋ   54  
22 to fear *(ʔ)da C   11  
23 blood *ala:c   28  
24 head *uRəu C   1  
25 neck *iluŋ C   50  
26 hair word info *uku:n A      
29 to sniff, smell *aka:i A   58  
30 mouth *amam C   19  
31 tooth *ipan A   1  
32 tongue *ali:n C   36  
35 to vomit *apa:k   2  
38 to chew word info *sa:k   39  
39 to cook word info *arəŋ A   61  
40 to drink *ika:u A   21  
42 to suck *iru:c      
43 ear *ilai A   29  
44 to hear *pəlɨ A   24  
45 eye *ata A   1  
46 to see *la:i C   54  
47 to yawn *ga:u A      
47 to yawn *aŋa:p   18  
48 to sleep *(ə)ŋɨu B   67  
48 to sleep *ŋut      
50 to dream *apan A   8  
51 to sit *juŋ C   27  
52 to stand *ju:n A   43  
55 woman/female *(ʔ)kəu B   22  
56 child *alɨ:k   1  
57 husband *alɨ A      
61 house *arɨ:n A      
61 house *pəluŋ C   38  
63 name *pa:ŋ A   14  
67 to sew word info *ɲap   29  
68 needle *aŋuc   8  
69 to hunt word info *aRip      
72 to hit word info *(ʔ)ta:i B   14  
73 to steal *iluk   34  
74 to kill *akau C   38  
75 to die, be dead *ala:u B   29  
78 to cut, hack word info *(ʔ)bi:u C      
81 sharp *cəm A      
89 to hold word info *amək      
91 to buy *atac   34  
93 to pound, beat word info *lu:n A      
95 to fall word info *ʔtuk   76  
96 dog *ama A   61  
97 bird *sac   38  
98 egg *ajɨ:m A   43  
100 wing *pi:k   55  
101 to fly *(ʔ)bin A   54  
102 rat *aniu A   59?  
104 fat/grease *aRu:i C      
105 tail *cuc   16?  
106 snake *ila B   1  
109 mosquito *ɲu:ŋ A   58  
111 fish *ala A   67  
113 branch word info *ka A   27  
113 branch word info *ŋa:m B      
114 leaf *bɨ A   2?  
116 flower *ata:ŋ A   47  
120 stone *ci:n A   28  
122 water word info *nam C   1  
125 salt *ɲa:u C   23  
127 woods/forest *aRaŋ A      
127 woods/forest *kəŋ A      
129 moon *ɲa:n A   42  
130 star *ara:u A   1  
133 rain *apun A   37  
135 lightning *alip   55  
136 wind *awiu A   59?  
138 warm word info *utau C   68  
139 cold word info *ka:i B   67  
140 dry word info *kal B      
140 dry word info *(ʔ)da:u A   64  
141 wet *aman C   56  
142 heavy *kɨn A   43  
143 fire *api A   1  
146 ash *sa:u C   43  
147 black *(ʔ)dam C   1  
148 white *ka:u A   62  
150 yellow *ila:ŋ A   56  
151 green *ki:u A   50  
153 big *luŋ A   58  
155 long word info *ana:u C   1  
156 thin word info *aRɨ A   37  
157 thick word info *na A   47  
158 narrow *(ʔ)bi:p   42  
160 painful, sick *(i)tuk   63  
163 new *ala:u C      
163 new *ama:n A   27  
163 new *nəu C   30  
164 good *alin A   84  
167 night *cap   38  
168 day *awan A   41  
171 to hide word info *maɲ A      
175 above *anɨ A   32  
177 this *ni B   1  
178 that *ma B   22  
179 near *pəlal C      
180 far *lai A   54  
182 I *aku A   1  
183 thou *mɨ A   1  
185 we word info *aRau A   11  
197 One word info *cɨ C   1  
199 Three word info *utu C   1?  
200 Four word info *atəu C   10  
201 Five word info *ama A   1  
202 Six word info *(ə)num A   1  
203 Seven word info *ʔtu A   1  
206 Ten word info *apu:c   1  
209 One Hundred word info *uRa:n A   30  
205 Nine word info *upal C 5? LS 5?  
136 wind *awət also means 'ghost, spirit', cf. PAN *qanitu 'spirit, soul' 59  
108 louse word info *tan A body louse    
204 Eight word info *aRu A cf walu (LS) 1  
18 breast *apan C chest    
132 fog *ukən A cloud 48  
132 fog *aŋa:u C cloud, shadow    
128 sky *apa C cloud, sky 48  
131 cloud word info *apa C cloud, sky 70  
198 Two word info *alau C could be set 1 (LS) 16  
27 nose *(ʔ)daŋ A face 1  
59 mother *amai C female, mother 39  
127 woods/forest *da:u C forest, hill    
117 fruit *atəm A fruit 25  
117 fruit *ma:k fruit (flesh) 24  
108 louse word info *utu A head louse 1  
107 worm (earthworm) *ikan B insect, worm 30  
54 man/male *ma:n A male (person) 52?  
60 father *pa C male, father 26  
27 nose *kat nose 13  
162 old word info *kau B old (generic) 93  
162 old word info *aja A old (person)    
53 person/human being *alai A people    
53 person/human being *(ʔ)kun A person    
76 to live, be alive *uri:p raw 1  
65 rope *də:i A rope, hemp 16  
154 short word info *tal C short (height)    
14 belly *amuk stomach 46  
13 back word info *ʔdu:n The form may go back to *ʔidu:n C, based on evidence from Cun /tsuən3/ 'back'    
134 thunder *arəŋ A thunder, noise 1?  
144 to burn word info *ʔcui C to burn    
144 to burn word info *ʔbaŋ A to burn, ignite    
5 to walk *api A to go, walk 86  
84 to plant *uRa A ~ *uga A to plant, sow 1  
112 rotten word info *tui A to rot 63  
48 to sleep *jən A to sleep, doze off    
66 to tie up, fasten *apət to tie 67  
66 to tie up, fasten *ŋən B to tie, fasten    
79 stick/wood *ca:k wood    
107 worm (earthworm) *awi:u B worm (small) 40  

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