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Language: Proto-Hlai (Ostapirat)

Source/Author:  Weera Ostapirat 
Notes:  Ostapirat, Weera. 2004. "Proto-Hlai Sound System and Lexicons." In 林英津 / Yingjin Lin, et. al (eds.) 2004. 漢藏語研究: 龔煌城先生七秩壽慶論文集 [Studies on Sino-Tibetan languages: Papers in honor of Professor Hwang-cherng Gong on his Seventieth birthday]. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 162
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Hlai  
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 2 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *mɨ A   1  
2 left *awi:ŋ A   48  
3 right      
4 leg/foot *kuk   31  
5 to walk *api A to go, walk 86  
6 road/path *gu:n A   27?  
7 to come *(ə)mɨ:n A   1?  
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim *pəli A      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin *nəŋ A   56  
13 back word info *ʔdu:n The form may go back to *ʔidu:n C, based on evidence from Cun /tsuən3/ 'back'    
14 belly *amuk stomach 46  
15 bone *urɨ:k   1?  
16 intestines *ara:i C   46  
17 liver *ŋa:n A      
18 breast *apan C chest    
19 shoulder *aʋa B   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *(ʔ)ku:ŋ   54  
21 to think      
22 to fear *(ʔ)da C   11  
23 blood *ala:c   28  
24 head *uRəu C   1  
25 neck *iluŋ C   50  
26 hair word info *uku:n A      
27 nose *kat nose 13  
27 nose *(ʔ)daŋ A face 1  
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell *aka:i A   58  
30 mouth *amam C   19  
31 tooth *ipan A   1  
32 tongue *ali:n C   36  
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit *apa:k   2  
36 to spit      
37 to eat      
38 to chew word info *sa:k   39  
39 to cook word info *arəŋ A   61  
40 to drink *ika:u A   21  
41 to bite      
42 to suck *iru:c      
43 ear *ilai A   29  
44 to hear *pəlɨ A   24  
45 eye *ata A   1  
46 to see *la:i C   54  
47 to yawn *ga:u A      
47 to yawn *aŋa:p   18  
48 to sleep *(ə)ŋɨu B   67  
48 to sleep *jən A to sleep, doze off    
48 to sleep *ŋut      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream *apan A   8  
51 to sit *juŋ C   27  
52 to stand *ju:n A   43  
53 person/human being *(ʔ)kun A person    
53 person/human being *alai A people    
54 man/male *ma:n A male (person) 52?  
55 woman/female *(ʔ)kəu B   22  
56 child *alɨ:k   1  
57 husband *alɨ A      
58 wife      
59 mother *amai C female, mother 39  
60 father *pa C male, father 26  
61 house *arɨ:n A      
61 house *pəluŋ C   38  
62 thatch/roof      
63 name *pa:ŋ A   14  
64 to say      
65 rope *də:i A rope, hemp 16  
66 to tie up, fasten *apət to tie 67  
66 to tie up, fasten *ŋən B to tie, fasten    
67 to sew word info *ɲap   29  
68 needle *aŋuc   8  
69 to hunt word info *aRip      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info *(ʔ)ta:i B   14  
73 to steal *iluk   34  
74 to kill *akau C   38  
75 to die, be dead *ala:u B   29  
76 to live, be alive *uri:p raw 1  
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info *(ʔ)bi:u C      
79 stick/wood *ca:k wood    
80 to split word info      
81 sharp *cəm A      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant *uRa A ~ *uga A to plant, sow 1  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info *amək      
90 to dig      
91 to buy *atac   34  
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info *lu:n A      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info *ʔtuk   76  
96 dog *ama A   61  
97 bird *sac   38  
98 egg *ajɨ:m A   43  
99 feather      
100 wing *pi:k   55  
101 to fly *(ʔ)bin A   54  
102 rat *aniu A   59?  
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease *aRu:i C      
105 tail *cuc   16?  
106 snake *ila B   1  
107 worm (earthworm) *ikan B insect, worm 30  
107 worm (earthworm) *awi:u B worm (small) 40  
108 louse word info *utu A head louse 1  
108 louse word info *tan A body louse    
109 mosquito *ɲu:ŋ A   58  
110 spider      
111 fish *ala A   67  
112 rotten word info *tui A to rot 63  
113 branch word info *ka A   27  
113 branch word info *ŋa:m B      
114 leaf *bɨ A   2?  
115 root      
116 flower *ata:ŋ A   47  
117 fruit *atəm A fruit 25  
117 fruit *ma:k fruit (flesh) 24  
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
120 stone *ci:n A   28  
121 sand      
122 water word info *nam C   1  
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt *ɲa:u C   23  
126 lake      
127 woods/forest *aRaŋ A      
127 woods/forest *kəŋ A      
127 woods/forest *da:u C forest, hill    
128 sky *apa C cloud, sky 48  
129 moon *ɲa:n A   42  
130 star *ara:u A   1  
131 cloud word info *apa C cloud, sky 70  
132 fog *ukən A cloud 48  
132 fog *aŋa:u C cloud, shadow    
133 rain *apun A   37  
134 thunder *arəŋ A thunder, noise 1?  
135 lightning *alip   55  
136 wind *awiu A   59?  
136 wind *awət also means 'ghost, spirit', cf. PAN *qanitu 'spirit, soul' 59  
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info *utau C   68  
139 cold word info *ka:i B   67  
140 dry word info *kal B      
140 dry word info *(ʔ)da:u A   64  
141 wet *aman C   56  
142 heavy *kɨn A   43  
143 fire *api A   1  
144 to burn word info *ʔcui C to burn    
144 to burn word info *ʔbaŋ A to burn, ignite    
145 smoke word info      
146 ash *sa:u C   43  
147 black *(ʔ)dam C   1  
148 white *ka:u A   62  
149 red      
150 yellow *ila:ŋ A   56  
151 green *ki:u A   50  
152 small      
153 big *luŋ A   58  
154 short word info *tal C short (height)    
155 long word info *ana:u C   1  
156 thin word info *aRɨ A   37  
157 thick word info *na A   47  
158 narrow *(ʔ)bi:p   42  
159 wide      
160 painful, sick *(i)tuk   63  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info *kau B old (generic) 93  
162 old word info *aja A old (person)    
163 new *ala:u C      
163 new *ama:n A   27  
163 new *nəu C   30  
164 good *alin A   84  
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
167 night *cap   38  
168 day *awan A   41  
169 year      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info *maɲ A      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above *anɨ A   32  
176 below      
177 this *ni B   1  
178 that *ma B   22  
179 near *pəlal C      
180 far *lai A   54  
181 where? word info      
182 I *aku A   1  
183 thou *mɨ A   1  
184 he/she      
185 we word info *aRau A   11  
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
197 One word info *cɨ C   1  
198 Two word info *alau C could be set 1 (LS) 16  
199 Three word info *utu C   1?  
200 Four word info *atəu C   10  
201 Five word info *ama A   1  
202 Six word info *(ə)num A   1  
203 Seven word info *ʔtu A   1  
204 Eight word info *aRu A cf walu (LS) 1  
205 Nine word info *upal C 5? LS 5?  
206 Ten word info *apu:c   1  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info *uRa:n A   30  
210 One Thousand word info      

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