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Language: Kim Mun (Hainan)

Source/Author:  Shintani Tadahiko, Yang Chao 
Notes:  新谷忠彦, 楊昭 / Shintani Tadahiko, Yang Chao. 海南島門語: 分類詞滙集 [The Mun language of Hainan Island: its classified lexicon]. Asian & African lexicon, v. 20. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), 1990.

In Hainan, China, the Kim Mun ("mun33 va53") language is spoken by about 23,000 people. It is fairly homogeneous in Hainan and is not further divided into any dialects. Kim Mun is also spoken in Guangxi and Yunnan in China as well as Vietnam and Laos.

Tones:
1 = /13/
2 = /11/
3 = /33/
4 = /354/
5 = /31/
6 = /44/ (/45/ in closed long syllables)
7 = /53/

Note: Apostrophes <'> signify aspiration, not glottal stops. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 212
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 17
 
Classification:  Hmong-Mien:Mienic:Mian-Jin 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 18 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand ʔbuu31      
2 left ʔdaŋ44 min11      
3 right saŋ33 liep13      
4 leg/foot tao44      
5 to walk zjaŋ33      
6 road/path kjao354      
7 to come ʔdaai33      
8 to turn word info vin11 kwai44 ʔdaai33 to turn around    
9 to swim kjeo33 vam13      
10 dirty ka33 loo33      
11 dust buui13      
12 skin dop44      
13 back word info ka33 ʔdan31      
14 belly njou354      
15 bone toŋ354      
16 intestines klaaŋ33      
17 liver gjan11 Chinese   L
18 breast nɔɔ31      
19 shoulder bin33 ʔdao33      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔbei13      
21 to think saŋ44 Chinese   L
22 to fear kum33 djaa13      
23 blood saam354      
24 head pjei354 k'uu11      
25 neck klaaŋ13      
26 hair word info pjei13      
27 nose ba33 tjooŋ13      
28 to breathe luup31 sii31      
29 to sniff, smell hɔm31      
30 mouth djat44      
31 tooth njaa33      
32 tongue bjat44      
33 to laugh kjat44      
34 to cry njim354      
35 to vomit ʔoo354      
36 to spit djui31 djaan33      
37 to eat njin53      
38 to chew word info njaai53      
39 to cook word info tjou354 to boil    
40 to drink hɔp11 Chinese   L
41 to bite ʔdap44      
42 to suck luup31      
43 ear ba33 nɔɔm33      
44 to hear muŋ31      
45 eye ŋwei53      
46 to see tam31      
47 to yawn kaa33 haao11      
48 to sleep fei44 (ŋwei53 gjoom33)      
49 to lie down word info fei44 djaa53      
50 to dream ʔai44 bei44 verb    
50 to dream bei44 noun    
51 to sit ʔeet45      
52 to stand tou354      
53 person/human being mun33      
54 man/male mun33 faa354      
55 woman/female mun33 ʔao354      
56 child mun33 sei354 kin13      
57 husband laaŋ33      
58 wife ʔao354      
59 mother djii31      
60 father faa354      
61 house pjao354      
62 thatch/roof pjao354 ʔduuŋ44      
63 name buu44      
64 to say      
65 rope laaŋ11      
66 to tie up, fasten t'ɔan31 to tie (a knot)    
67 to sew word info kwan33      
68 needle tim11      
69 to hunt word info fan354 ʔaa354      
70 to shoot word info fan354   1  
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info bap44      
73 to steal nim53      
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead ʔdai53      
76 to live, be alive saŋ33      
76 to live, be alive meeŋ13 raw    
77 to scratch word info njai354 keeŋ13 to scratch an itch    
78 to cut, hack word info k'om31 to chop with an axe    
79 stick/wood gjaŋ44 ʔbin13 stick, rod    
80 to split word info      
81 sharp gjai53      
82 dull, blunt blɔŋ44      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant sɔŋ354      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info saŋ33 lo11      
87 to swell word info ʔɔm44      
88 to squeeze word info nieŋ354      
89 to hold word info tjɔɔ13      
90 to dig viet13 k'ɔat31 to dig with hands    
91 to buy maai31 Chinese   L
92 to open, uncover k'ooi11 Chinese   L
93 to pound, beat word info dim53 mei354      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info blei53 djaa53 ʔdaai33      
96 dog kloo354      
97 bird nɔɔ53      
98 egg kjao44      
99 feather pjei13      
100 wing daat13      
101 to fly dai31      
101 to fly ʔat44      
102 rat duu13      
103 meat/flesh ʔaa354      
104 fat/grease mei11      
105 tail ʔdei354      
106 snake naaŋ13      
107 worm (earthworm) keeŋ13 insect/worm (generic)    
107 worm (earthworm) duŋ13 naaŋ13 earthworm, naaŋ13 = snake    
108 louse word info ʔdam354      
108 louse word info tei354      
109 mosquito tao354 dao354 keeŋ13      
110 spider keeŋ13 njaao354      
111 fish bjao31      
112 rotten word info tei44      
113 branch word info kwaa33      
114 leaf nɔɔm33      
115 root duuŋ33      
116 flower faŋ33      
117 fruit pjou354      
118 grass ŋwaa354      
119 earth/soil nii11      
120 stone gjao13 pjei354      
121 sand gjao13 taai13      
122 water word info vam13      
123 to flow gjou53      
124 sea k'oi354      
125 salt dao354      
126 lake vam13 dɔm53      
127 woods/forest kiem33 koo44 kin13      
128 sky guuŋ33      
129 moon laa31      
130 star tiiŋ13      
131 cloud word info ban44      
132 fog loo11 muŋ53 dai354      
133 rain buŋ53      
134 thunder ba33 kɔŋ13      
135 lightning guuŋ33 djip44      
136 wind djaao44      
137 to blow word info tjieo354 to blow (of wind)    
137 to blow word info pjɔm354 to blow (with mouth)    
138 warm word info nun53 warm    
138 warm word info kjoom13 hot    
139 cold word info nam44      
140 dry word info gaai11      
141 wet doon13      
142 heavy nii354      
143 fire ʔdou31      
144 to burn word info ʔbuu354      
144 to burn word info saa53 to burn (as in slash-and-burn agriculture)    
145 smoke word info sou31      
146 ash laai354      
147 black kjaa13      
148 white ʔbee53      
149 red tii11      
150 yellow vaŋ33      
151 green meeŋ13      
152 small kin13      
153 big loo11      
154 short word info niŋ354      
155 long word info daao354      
156 thin word info faa53      
157 thick word info hoo31 Chinese   L
158 narrow heep45      
159 wide kwaŋ354 Chinese   L
160 painful, sick mon13      
161 shy, ashamed (ʔai44) njai13      
162 old word info koo44      
163 new saŋ33 Chinese   L
164 good gɔɔŋ44      
165 bad, evil huai33 Chinese   L
166 correct, true ʔdooi44      
167 night (dum354) mun53      
168 day pjei354 nooi11 sun    
168 day nooi11 day    
169 year njaaŋ31 Chinese   L
170 when? word info t'jao31 nei33 sjan33      
171 to hide word info meem354      
172 to climb word info taao44      
173 at      
174 in, inside gjaa31      
175 above      
176 below dii354      
177 this nei354      
178 that va354      
179 near tat44      
180 far koo13      
181 where? word info ʔbo44 ʔdii44      
182 I zjaa13      
183 thou mii33      
184 he/she nan33      
185 we word info ʔban13 inclusive    
185 we word info ʔbuu13 exclusive    
186 you njou33      
187 they nan33 ʔbuu13      
188 what? word info gin33 t'jaaŋ354      
189 who? word info ʔa33 baan11      
190 other      
191 all sɔan31 ʔbuu31 Chinese   L
191 all tɔŋ243 Chinese   L
192 and kon354      
193 if sin31 kui31      
194 how? word info siŋ33 lai31 ʔai44      
194 how? word info saŋ33 lai31 ʔai44      
195 no, not maa13 ~ ma33      
196 to count tao354      
197 One word info ʔaa33      
198 Two word info ʔii13      
199 Three word info ʔboo13      
200 Four word info pjei13      
201 Five word info pjaa13      
202 Six word info kjoo13      
203 Seven word info njii53      
204 Eight word info zjat44      
205 Nine word info duu33      
206 Ten word info siap45 Chinese   L
207 Twenty word info njii53 siap45 Chinese   L
208 Fifty word info ŋou31 siap45 Chinese   L
209 One Hundred word info ʔaa33 ʔbee13 Chinese   L
210 One Thousand word info ʔaa33 t'in11 Chinese   L

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