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Language: Lachi (Tân Lợi)

Source/Author:  Ryuichi Kosaka 
Notes:  Kosaka, Ryuichi [小坂, 隆一]. 2000. A descriptive study of the Lachi language: syntactic description, historical reconstruction and genetic relation. Ph.D. dissertation. Tokyo: Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.

This variant is spoken in Tân Lợi hamlet (Thôn Tân Lợi), Bắc Quang District, Hà Giang Province, Vietnam. Data was collected in December 1994, December 1995, and July 1998 by Ryuichi Kosaka.

Notes:
/-N/ = nasalizes preceding vowel. It is not a consonant.
/ŋw/ = labialized velar nasal syllabic sonorant 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 240
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kra:Western Kra 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 3 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand ʔm45   1  
2 left pu0 ljɔ22   51  
3 right pu0 ja45      
4 leg/foot pho22 khɔ45   42  
5 to walk wu22   28  
6 road/path khiN43   28?  
7 to come qu23      
8 to turn word info tji0 khiN43      
8 to turn word info tji0 kheN43      
9 to swim phu23 (ʔi22)   67  
10 dirty pu0 caN45      
11 dust piN0 piN21      
12 skin qɑ0 tu43   58  
13 back word info to0 lɑ45   63  
14 belly mja0 nu21      
15 bone qɑN0 thɔ45      
16 intestines cɛ21   48  
17 liver ta45   1  
18 breast co22   39  
19 shoulder quN0 phu22   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɕu43   60  
21 to think m0 nɑ23 (nɛ23)   54  
22 to fear m0 lju23   43, 51  
23 blood pju23   28  
24 head na0 kha23   19  
25 neck qɑ0 ju45   54  
26 hair word info ɕaN43   48  
26 hair word info kha23 cɔ45      
27 nose ɲɑ45   39  
28 to breathe mja23 ɕaN23   51  
29 to sniff, smell mji22   48  
30 mouth m0 ɕiN43   28  
31 tooth fi43      
32 tongue m0 ljɔ22      
33 to laugh qɑ0 ɕu43   73  
34 to cry tji0 ɲɔ22   52  
35 to vomit to21   3  
35 to vomit nji0 qɑ0 tji23      
36 to spit the23   69  
37 to eat ko43 to eat/drink 29  
38 to chew word info qɔ23   42  
39 to cook word info thjɔ23   62  
40 to drink ko43 to eat/drink 21  
41 to bite tja23   47  
42 to suck co22      
42 to suck mɑ21   38  
43 ear lu23   30  
44 to hear jo45 co45      
45 eye nam0 tju43   1  
46 to see ta0 qɑ45   69  
47 to yawn nji0 bo45      
48 to sleep ŋwi22   67  
48 to sleep ŋwi22 na23   67  
49 to lie down word info qhɔ21      
50 to dream m0 paN43   8  
51 to sit ka0 ki21      
52 to stand ɕɔN22 ʔi45      
53 person/human being qu21      
54 man/male nji0 po22   54  
55 woman/female nji4 mja22 source only lists 4 (not 43 or 45) as the tone 54  
56 child nji0 ʔi23      
57 husband po0 ɕɔ23      
58 wife mja0 cu23   42  
59 mother m0 be43      
59 mother mja22   39  
60 father m0 pa22   26  
61 house kho43   47  
62 thatch/roof phji23 kho43      
63 name qɑ0 nji23   21  
64 to say thɛ45   85  
64 to say tji0 phjɔ23   85  
65 rope m0 qɛ43      
66 to tie up, fasten qhɔN23      
67 to sew word info me45      
67 to sew word info pji43   23  
68 needle m0 lɛ45   24  
69 to hunt word info ɕɔN43   21  
70 to shoot word info nji22      
71 to stab, pierce ɕu45      
71 to stab, pierce qhɑ22      
72 to hit word info nji22      
73 to steal num22   36?  
74 to kill mji23 to kill a person 54  
74 to kill pji22 to kill a chicken 55  
75 to die, be dead peN21      
76 to live, be alive nu0 le45   48  
77 to scratch word info ʔm45 ko22   1?  
78 to cut, hack word info te45   94  
79 stick/wood qɑ0 ɕi23   17  
80 to split word info le21 to split into strips    
81 sharp ɲɑ21      
82 dull, blunt ko43 lew21      
83 to work word info wi22   59  
84 to plant taN22   20  
85 to choose ɕiN45      
86 to grow word info mji23 wu22 ʔi45      
87 to swell word info m0 pho23      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info m0 fɔ45      
90 to dig kɔ43   40  
90 to dig lɔ45      
91 to buy ciN43      
92 to open, uncover jɑ43      
93 to pound, beat word info tjiN22   23  
94 to throw word info ɲe45 to throw (overhand)    
94 to throw word info wɛ22 to throw (underhand) 62  
95 to fall word info phɛ45 kɔ45      
96 dog nji0 m45   63  
96 dog njum45   63  
96 dog nu0 m45   63  
96 dog num45   63  
97 bird ʔa0 nɔ45   1  
98 egg taN43 qɑ43   42  
99 feather mɛ45   47  
100 wing qhu23      
101 to fly phɑN23   55  
102 rat ʔa0 lja45   57  
103 meat/flesh ʔɔ22   59  
104 fat/grease m0 na23      
105 tail fɛ45   54?  
106 snake qɑ0 ŋw23   50  
107 worm (earthworm) qɑN0 qhi22   30  
108 louse word info te43   1  
109 mosquito ma21 kɔN0 kɔN43      
110 spider mja0 nji0 ŋwɔ45      
111 fish ʔa0 lji22   65  
112 rotten word info caN45      
112 rotten word info tum22      
112 rotten word info mji0 ʔŋw22      
113 branch word info qu0 ka43      
114 leaf li43   37  
114 leaf li43 thuN23   37  
115 root qɑ0 ci43   33  
116 flower mjɔ45   45  
117 fruit mji22      
118 grass lɔ43   22  
119 earth/soil ʔu23   53  
120 stone la0 wu23      
121 sand ɲɑ43   64  
122 water word info ʔi22   40  
123 to flow nji0 ɕu22      
124 sea      
125 salt ɲu23   23  
126 lake thum43 mji23      
127 woods/forest ŋwo45      
127 woods/forest thuN45   72  
128 sky bo23   51?  
129 moon m0 thjo23 moon 44  
129 moon mi23 month    
130 star m0 thji0 lji23   46  
131 cloud word info m0 to0 bo23      
131 cloud word info m0 to0 bo45      
132 fog m0 to0 bo23 cu45 m0 to0 bo23 = cloud 49  
133 rain ɲɑ23   38  
134 thunder bo23 qɑ0 ɕa45      
135 lightning bo23 phe45 pe45 verb    
136 wind qhi22   60  
137 to blow word info pa21 to blow (of the wind) 52  
137 to blow word info pe23 to blow (of the wind) 52  
138 warm word info ʔam0 te22      
139 cold word info keN0 ke23   68  
139 cold word info ɕam0 ɕe22   73  
140 dry word info qhɛ0 qhɛ45      
141 wet to0 tum22   59  
142 heavy kaN43   43  
143 fire pe43   1  
144 to burn word info ʔɔ45 to burn, ignite 69  
144 to burn word info phjɔ45 to burn (grass) 65?  
145 smoke word info qɑN0 pe43   54  
146 ash te23   43?  
147 black nam0 lja45   57  
148 white ci0 ʔi23   67  
149 red pu0 thjɔ22   66  
150 yellow ni0 ni45      
151 green na0 mi45   49  
152 small ʔaN23   72?  
153 big mji23      
154 short word info ɲe0 ɲe45 short (of length)    
154 short word info tjiN0 tji45 short (of height) 64  
154 short word info tjim0 tji45 short (of height) 71  
155 long word info wɛ0 wɛ45      
156 thin word info thuN0 ŋwi22      
157 thick word info nu0 tho23      
158 narrow khi0 khi22   43  
159 wide kha22      
160 painful, sick thɔ45 kɔ45      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info ɲu22      
163 new la0 ʔm45      
164 good qɑ0 lɑ23      
165 bad, evil qɑ0 ɕi22   55?  
166 correct, true kɛ43      
166 correct, true kho45   54?  
167 night nji0 wɔ23      
168 day wɑN23   41  
169 year phji23   52  
170 when? word info tha0 na45      
171 to hide word info ca21      
172 to climb word info nju23 to climb a tree    
172 to climb word info nji0 ʔɔ45 to climb a mountain 29?  
173 at qe21   34  
174 in, inside nji0 quN45   30  
175 above ʔi45      
175 above pji0 ʔi45      
176 below phjiN22      
177 this nji22   1  
178 that bjɔ22 medial    
178 that ʔi22 distal    
179 near qɑ0 lju21   70  
180 far qɑ0 le23   54  
181 where? word info na45   44  
182 I khwi43   1?  
182 I khu43   1  
183 thou bɛ23      
184 he/she kɛ43   23  
185 we word info te23 inclusive 37  
185 we word info te43 exclusive 37  
186 you m0 te43   3  
187 they nji0 qe45      
188 what? word info ka45   48  
188 what? word info ki45      
189 who? word info nɔ22   27  
190 other la0 wɔ22      
191 all ta0 mja23      
192 and nɔ22      
193 if new45 mɑ22      
194 how? word info (pjiN23) ɕiN43 na21      
195 no, not lew21   43  
196 to count ʔaN22   52  
197 One word info cam22      
198 Two word info fu43   1  
199 Three word info te43 needs more investigation 1?  
200 Four word info pu43   11  
201 Five word info m23   1  
202 Six word info nɑ23   1  
203 Seven word info te23   1  
204 Eight word info bə23      
205 Nine word info lju22   28  
206 Ten word info pɛ45   1  
207 Twenty word info fu43 pɛ45   19  
208 Fifty word info m23 pɛ45   8  
209 One Hundred word info qɛ45   31  
210 One Thousand word info thuN23   31  

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