https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Trans-New Guinea

Source/Author:  Andrew Pawley 
Notes:  Pawley, Andrew (2005). "The chequered career of the Trans New Guinea hypothesis: recent research and its implications". In Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Robin Hide, Jack Golson, eds. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples, 67-107. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 130
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Trans-New Guinea 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 4 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *sikal      
1 hand *sakil      
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot *k(a,o)ond(a,o)C      
4 leg/foot *kitu leg, calf    
5 to walk *pu- to go    
5 to walk *yata- to go    
6 road/path      
7 to come *me-      
8 to turn word info *mbuli[ki]- to turn (oneself)    
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin *(ŋg,k)a(nd,t)apu      
13 back word info      
14 belly *mundun      
15 bone *kondaC      
16 intestines *sim(i,u)      
16 intestines *simbi      
17 liver *[ma]pVn      
18 breast *amu      
19 shoulder *kinV      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *nVŋg- to see, know, perceive, hear    
21 to think      
22 to fear      
23 blood *ke(ñj,s)a      
24 head *kV(mb,p)utu      
24 head *mVtVna      
25 neck *k(a,e)(nd,t)ak      
25 neck *kuma(n,ŋ)[V] neck, nape    
26 hair word info *(nd,s)umu(n,t)[V]      
26 hair word info *iti      
27 nose *mundu      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth      
31 tooth *titi      
32 tongue *mbilaŋ      
32 tongue *me(l,n)e      
33 to laugh *ŋgiti auxiliary verb    
34 to cry      
35 to vomit *mVŋ[g]V ti-      
36 to spit *kasipa-      
37 to eat *na- to eat, drink    
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info *adu-      
40 to drink *na- to eat, drink    
41 to bite *s(i,u)-      
42 to suck      
43 ear *ka(nd,t)(i,e)C      
44 to hear      
45 eye *(ŋg,k)iti [maŋgV]      
45 eye *ŋg(a,u)mu      
45 eye *nVpV      
46 to see *nVŋg- to see, know, perceive, hear    
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep *kinV- to lie down, sleep    
48 to sleep *p(e,i)t(e,i)o-      
49 to lie down word info *kinV- to lie down, sleep    
50 to dream *kina(mb,p)-      
51 to sit      
52 to stand *t(a,e,i)k[V]-      
53 person/human being      
54 man/male *ambi husband, man    
55 woman/female *panV      
56 child *ŋaŋa baby    
56 child *nV boy    
57 husband *ambi husband, man    
58 wife      
59 mother *am(a,i,u) mother (free form)    
59 mother *na- mother (bound form)    
60 father *apa      
60 father *mbapa      
61 house      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name *imbi      
63 name *wani name, who    
64 to say *nde- to say, speak    
65 rope *asi string, rope    
66 to tie up, fasten *ndiŋga- ~ *ndaŋgi-      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info *tVmV-      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info *a[tu]-      
73 to steal      
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead *kumV-      
76 to live, be alive *mVna- to live, be, stay, sit    
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info *tVk-      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info *su auxiliary verb    
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog      
97 bird *n[e]i      
97 bird *yaka[i]      
98 egg *munaka      
98 egg *maŋgV egg, fruit, seed    
99 feather      
100 wing *mbutu      
101 to fly *putu(putu) ti-      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail *a(mb,m)u      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info *niman      
109 mosquito *kasin      
110 spider      
111 fish      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf *iti leaf, hair    
114 leaf *sasak      
115 root *kindil      
116 flower      
117 fruit *maŋgV fruit, seed, egg    
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
120 stone *kamb(a,u)na      
120 stone *[na]muna      
121 sand *sa(ŋg,k)asiŋ      
122 water word info *ok[V]      
122 water word info *nok      
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest *inda tree, wood    
127 woods/forest *iñja tree, wood    
128 sky *samb[V]. *kumut ~ *tumuk respectively: sky, cloud ; thunder, sky    
129 moon *takVn[V]      
129 moon *kal(a,i)m      
130 star      
131 cloud word info *samb[V] cloud, sky    
131 cloud word info *ka(mb,p)utu      
132 fog      
133 rain      
134 thunder *kumut ~ *tumuk      
135 lightning *(mb,m)elak lightning, light    
136 wind *kumbutu      
136 wind *pinVm wind, breeze    
137 to blow word info *pu- verbal prefix    
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info *kukam(o,u)      
140 dry word info *ŋgatata      
141 wet      
142 heavy *kenda      
143 fire *k(a,o)nd(a,u)p      
143 fire *inda      
143 fire *kambu      
144 to burn word info *ki- to burn, light a fire    
145 smoke word info *kambu(s,t)(a,u)      
145 smoke word info *kambu-la(ŋk,g)a      
146 ash *sumbu      
146 ash *kambu-sumbu      
146 ash *la(ŋg,k)a      
147 black      
148 white      
149 red      
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small      
153 big      
154 short word info *tumba      
155 long word info *k(o,u)t(u,i)p      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
163 new *kVtak      
164 good *(nd,t)ebV      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
167 night *k(i,u)tuma      
168 day *kamali sun    
168 day *ketane sun    
169 year      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
181 where? word info      
182 I *na      
183 thou *ŋga      
184 he/she *ya      
184 he/she *ua      
185 we word info *nu      
185 we word info *ni      
185 we word info *niLi 1 dual    
185 we word info *nuLi 1 dual    
186 you *ŋgi      
186 you *ki      
186 you *ŋgiLi 2 dual    
186 you *kiLi 2 dual    
187 they *iLi 3 dual    
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and *ito      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not *ma- verbal prefix    
196 to count      
197 One word info      
198 Two word info *ta(l,t)(a,e)      
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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