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Language: Proto-Bungku-Tolaki

Source/Author:  David E. Mead 
Notes:  Mead, David E. 1998. Proto-Bungku-Tolaki: Reconstruction of its phonology and aspects of its morphosyntax. Ph.D. dissertation. Houston: Rice University.

The ° symbol means that although a final consonant has been reconstructed for the PAN and/or PMP forms, it has not yet been reconstructed in Proto-Bungku-Tolaki due to insufficient evidence. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Celebic:Bungku-Tolaki 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 4 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
2 left      
3 right *hanaN   1  
3 right *-anaN   1  
4 leg/foot *karu°      
5 to walk *limpa°      
6 road/path *salaN   1  
7 to come *mai   1  
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim *(l,n)anguy   1  
10 dirty      
11 dust *awuQ      
12 skin *kuliQ   1  
13 back word info *bungku°      
14 belly *tiaN   1  
15 bone *wuku bone, seed    
16 intestines *kompoN stomach, intestines    
17 liver *ate   1  
18 breast *susu (?) 1  
18 breast *uhu (?) 1  
19 shoulder *owaRa (?)    
20 to know, be knowledgeable *toqori      
21 to think *hawa°      
22 to fear *meeq afraid    
23 blood *raRaq      
24 head *ulu   1  
25 neck      
26 hair word info *wuuQ      
27 nose *enge°      
28 to breathe *naa      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth *ngusu snout    
31 tooth *ngisi   24  
32 tongue *elo°   4  
33 to laugh *taa      
33 to laugh *gele to laugh, tickle    
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
36 to spit      
37 to eat *kaaN   1  
38 to chew word info *mamak-i      
39 to cook word info *nahu to cook (by boiling)    
39 to cook word info *sakaN to boil, cook    
40 to drink *inuN      
41 to bite *kaRa°      
41 to bite *kiki°      
42 to suck *sosoQ (?)    
42 to suck *osoQ      
43 ear *biriN ear, edge 26  
44 to hear *rongoR      
44 to hear *podea°      
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *kita      
46 to see *ontoN      
47 to yawn *maa°      
48 to sleep *turuR   1  
49 to lie down word info *tinti-ngara° to lie supine    
50 to dream *ipi      
51 to sit *totoro°      
52 to stand *tade°      
53 person/human being      
54 man/male *langkai great, male    
55 woman/female *wai   1  
56 child *anaQ      
57 husband *rapuR spouse    
58 wife *rapuR spouse    
59 mother      
60 father      
61 house *rahaN      
62 thatch/roof *atoQ roofing thatch    
63 name *ngeaN      
64 to say *tulura° to speak    
65 rope *koloro°      
65 rope *ula°      
66 to tie up, fasten *boke°      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle *soyuN      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info *kona to hit, to touch    
72 to hit word info *tapak-i to strike with the hand    
72 to hit word info *wangku° to beat, to strike    
73 to steal      
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead *mate dead    
76 to live, be alive *tora alive    
77 to scratch word info *geru°      
78 to cut, hack word info *sese° to cut (through)    
78 to cut, hack word info *pole to fell    
78 to cut, hack word info *tueh-i to cut down    
79 stick/wood *kayu wood    
80 to split word info *wotaQ      
81 sharp *tasoN      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant *paho°      
84 to plant *pombula to plant (in garden) 1  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info *kambaN swelling    
88 to squeeze word info *asi°      
88 to squeeze word info *pio° squeeze in hand    
88 to squeeze word info *pisiQ squeeze between the fingers    
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig *keke°      
91 to buy *oli°      
92 to open, uncover *wawaq opening    
93 to pound, beat word info *tutuk-i      
94 to throw word info *rodo°      
95 to fall word info *tonda°      
95 to fall word info *donta°      
96 dog *dahu°      
97 bird      
98 egg *itoluR   1  
99 feather *wulu      
100 wing *paniy      
101 to fly *laloy      
101 to fly *laa°      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh *ihi contents, flesh 31  
104 fat/grease *tabaq body fat    
105 tail *ikuR      
106 snake *ule      
106 snake *saa python    
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info *kutu      
109 mosquito *buroto°      
109 mosquito *niniQ      
110 spider *kangga°      
111 fish *ikaN      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info *sampaQ      
114 leaf      
115 root *hakaQ      
116 flower *bunga°      
116 flower *wulele°      
117 fruit *wuaq      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil *w(i,u)taq      
120 stone *watu      
121 sand *one      
122 water word info *iwoi°      
123 to flow *waaq      
124 sea *tahiQ      
125 salt *ohia      
126 lake *rano      
127 woods/forest *inalahi      
127 woods/forest *toqolo°      
128 sky      
129 moon *wulaN      
130 star      
131 cloud word info *seruN      
131 cloud word info *kundoN rain cloud    
132 fog *gawu      
133 rain *usaN      
134 thunder      
135 lightning *kilaQ      
136 wind *pua°      
137 to blow word info *puur-i      
138 warm word info *kulaQ hot    
139 cold word info *riniN cold (as of water)    
140 dry word info *tuquR      
141 wet *bahoq      
141 wet *bonto°      
142 heavy *beaQ      
142 heavy *tondu°      
143 fire *apuy      
144 to burn word info *hai      
144 to burn word info *-ai      
144 to burn word info *hunuR      
145 smoke word info *ahu      
146 ash *awu      
147 black *itoN      
148 white *pute      
149 red *meaq      
150 yellow *kuni°      
151 green *uso      
152 small *hiwu°      
153 big *owose° big, large    
154 short word info *putu°      
155 long word info *taa°      
156 thin word info *nipiQ      
157 thick word info *kapa°      
157 thick word info *balo° fat, thick    
158 narrow      
159 wide *lua°      
160 painful, sick *hakiQ      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info *tuqa      
163 new *sarai°      
163 new *tonia° new, young    
164 good *moiko° good, appealing    
165 bad, evil *saqaQ bad, ugly 1  
165 bad, evil *saqoQ bad, ugly    
166 correct, true *tuqu true, real    
166 correct, true *kona true, right    
167 night *w(i,o)ngi°      
168 day *oleo      
169 year *taquN      
170 when? word info *in-ipiaN past    
170 when? word info *te-ipiaN future    
171 to hide word info *wuni      
172 to climb word info *pone° to ascend, to climb (as a tree)    
173 at *ri      
174 in, inside *laroN      
174 in, inside *unoy inside    
175 above *wawo above, upper portion/surface    
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far *olai°      
181 where? word info      
182 I *ku      
183 thou *u      
184 he/she *i      
185 we word info *to inclusive    
185 we word info *ki exclusive    
186 you *mi      
187 they *ro      
188 what? word info *hapa      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count *doa°      
197 One word info *asa both independent and bound 1  
197 One word info *ho special form occurring only with *puluq 'ten'    
198 Two word info *o-rua independent numeral    
198 Two word info *rua bound numeral    
199 Three word info *o-tolu independent numeral    
199 Three word info *tolu bound numeral    
200 Four word info *o-o(m)paQ independent numeral    
200 Four word info *pato bound numeral    
201 Five word info *o-lima independent numeral    
201 Five word info *lima bound numeral    
202 Six word info *o-onoN independent numeral    
202 Six word info *nomo bound numeral    
203 Seven word info *o-pitu independent numeral    
203 Seven word info *pitu bound numeral    
204 Eight word info *hoalu independent numeral    
204 Eight word info *halu bound numeral    
205 Nine word info *o-sio independent numeral 5  
205 Nine word info *sio bound numeral 5  
206 Ten word info *puluq      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info *etu°      
210 One Thousand word info *sowu      

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