https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Enga

Source/Author:  Adrianne Lang 
Notes:  Lang, Adrianne. 1973. Enga dictionary with English index. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Enga is the most widely spoken Trans-New Guinea language. Dialects include Laiapo, Mai, Lyaime, Papayuku, and Torenama. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 347
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Trans-New Guinea:Engan:Enga 
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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
40 to drink      
49 to lie down word info      
62 thatch/roof      
69 to hunt word info      
93 to pound, beat word info      
124 sea      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
175 above      
176 below      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
121 sand (endákí) kéa      
48 to sleep (luú) palengé/palingí/palyingí      
64 to say (pií) lengé to speak    
121 sand (ípa) kée      
173 at -ka      
193 if -le irreal condition    
193 if -li irreal condition    
173 at -nya      
192 and -pi      
173 at -sa      
171 to hide word info aemé lengé      
110 spider aete      
207 Twenty word info akalitá lápó      
206 Ten word info akalitá mendái      
57 husband akalíngi      
54 man/male akáli      
153 big aluánga      
187 they alyutúpa. dúpa      
149 red alúngi      
96 dog ambaípu      
90 to dig amengé to dig up    
104 fat/grease amé      
174 in, inside andakóte      
164 good andiki pípae      
174 in, inside andokóte      
153 big andáke      
181 where? word info andúsa      
186 you anematúpa      
47 to yawn angamáe mandengé/miníngi      
170 when? word info anúpá      
60 father apa      
189 who? word info apí      
89 to hold word info apí pingí (?)    
149 red apóé      
112 rotten word info asingí Laiapo dialect    
60 father asá      
112 rotten word info atíngí      
164 good auú pípae      
138 warm word info ayene kaengé/pingí      
19 shoulder ayokondé      
24 head ayámba      
24 head ayómba      
34 to cry aé lengé      
29 to sniff, smell aí síngi      
194 how? word info aípá      
125 salt aípí salt - native    
133 rain aíwa      
92 to open, uncover aútí píngi      
190 other bakalé      
184 he/she baá      
130 star bói      
130 star búi      
101 to fly búu (láo) lengé      
195 no, not daá      
117 fruit dingí      
117 fruit dií      
177 this dáke      
178 that dóko      
53 person/human being endakáli      
9 to swim endákí sóo pengé      
9 to swim endákí tandenge      
59 mother endángi      
163 new enénge      
7 to come epengé      
169 year eé kaná      
16 intestines genánge      
33 to laugh gií noun    
33 to laugh gií kaengé      
171 to hide word info golé pingí      
110 spider gálu. kakeámúni      
28 to breathe imámbú breath    
136 wind imámbú      
107 worm (earthworm) imámu      
16 intestines ingí      
148 white ipaí      
110 spider ipáiyapái      
127 woods/forest itái      
196 to count itákí píngi      
117 fruit jingí      
10 dirty kaimála pípae      
6 road/path kaitíní      
39 to cook word info kakílyingi      
144 to burn word info kakílyingi      
83 to work word info kalái pingí      
43 ear kalé      
30 mouth kambupu      
152 small kame      
20 to know, be knowledgeable kandengé      
46 to see kandengé      
149 red kangyóó. kóne      
106 snake kanopáto      
120 stone kaná      
129 moon kaná      
119 earth/soil kate red earth used for decoration    
52 to stand katengé      
128 sky kaítí      
134 thunder kaítí kepu lengé      
32 tongue keké (píngi)      
145 smoke word info kenaí      
145 smoke word info kená      
146 ash kená      
32 tongue ketange      
77 to scratch word info kindúpa miníngi      
130 star kindúta      
145 smoke word info kiná      
172 to climb word info kisíngi      
200 Four word info kitómende      
200 Four word info kitúmende      
139 cold word info kií nengé to be cold    
67 to sew word info kií pingí      
87 to swell word info kokó tengé      
172 to climb word info kolályingi      
50 to dream kombéa pingí      
96 dog kotena      
165 bad, evil koó      
167 night kuká      
133 rain kulia      
10 dirty kumbakúmba      
75 to die, be dead kumíngi      
160 painful, sick kumíngi sick    
11 dust kungúma      
10 dirty kunáu      
139 cold word info kupá pingí to be cold    
23 blood kupápu      
6 road/path káita      
114 leaf káka      
203 Seven word info kálange      
30 mouth kámbú      
148 white kápo      
71 to stab, pierce kápu katengé      
98 egg kápá      
128 sky kátí      
142 heavy kéndá kaengé verb 'to be heavy'    
142 heavy kéndá pingí verb 'to be heavy'    
63 name kénge      
4 leg/foot kímbú      
1 hand kíngi      
166 correct, true kíní true    
152 small kóki      
174 in, inside kóko      
15 bone kólí      
168 day kóte      
174 in, inside kóto      
2 left kóya      
167 night kúkua      
15 bone kúlí      
198 Two word info lapotá      
74 to kill lapuíngi      
198 Two word info lapóma      
19 shoulder lataiyá. lengé      
19 shoulder lataí      
75 to die, be dead lembé lengé      
84 to plant leépenge      
128 sky lipíná      
95 to fall word info lokálingi      
82 dull, blunt loláta      
155 long word info londáti      
180 far londáti      
155 long word info londáu      
180 far londáu      
155 long word info londénge      
95 to fall word info lopa lyíngi      
92 to open, uncover lumbingí      
92 to open, uncover lyangengé      
27 nose lyáa      
158 narrow lyónge meaning uncertain    
79 stick/wood láma used for digging/gardening    
198 Two word info lápó      
108 louse word info léma      
45 eye lénge      
76 to live, be alive léte katengé/petengé      
155 long word info lódé      
180 far lóndé      
42 to suck makapúsingi      
204 Eight word info mange lao waketau      
25 neck mangé      
171 to hide word info matályingi      
24 head maténá      
13 back word info maítá      
197 One word info mendái      
131 cloud word info molé      
132 fog molé      
65 rope momó      
154 short word info muíngi      
120 stone máli      
59 mother máma      
20 to know, be knowledgeable mámbenge      
21 to think mámbenge      
107 worm (earthworm) mánga      
206 Ten word info mánge pundu      
20 to know, be knowledgeable másingi      
21 to think másingi      
197 One word info méndé      
103 meat/flesh mínju flesh    
4 leg/foot mókó      
154 short word info múu      
182 I nambá. naá 2nd word: Laiapo dialect (?)    
37 to eat nengé to eat, bite, graze    
11 dust ninúma      
168 day nitá      
179 near nondópa near in time and space    
186 you nyakáma      
185 we word info náima      
20 to know, be knowledgeable nébó tengé      
21 to think némbe tengé      
31 tooth nénge      
41 to bite níki níki pingí to bite down on a hard object    
183 thou nímba      
5 to walk paengé to walk around    
96 dog pendé      
51 to sit petengé      
126 lake peté      
191 all pipetá      
97 bird pisíni loan   L
91 to buy pongengé      
136 wind popotaó      
136 wind poó      
137 to blow word info poó lengé      
147 black pumbútí      
17 liver pungí      
147 black pupútí      
35 to vomit pyakui      
88 to squeeze word info pyakíngí      
22 to fear páka noun    
73 to steal páke nengé      
73 to steal páke nyíngi      
174 in, inside pángó      
100 wing pápá      
101 to fly pée lengé      
159 wide pée látae      
72 to hit word info píngi      
74 to kill píngi      
115 root píngi      
203 Seven word info sakáita      
150 yellow salyépae      
91 to buy sambengé      
150 yellow saé      
20 to know, be knowledgeable sekengé      
99 feather sili      
2 left sái      
151 green sáká      
140 dry word info sápualo      
140 dry word info sápupae      
44 to hear síngi      
23 blood taiyóko      
90 to dig takíngi to dig out (a tree, etc. but not ditch)    
150 yellow talyépae      
36 to spit talyíngi      
92 to open, uncover talénge      
135 lightning tamangali      
158 narrow tambuinátae      
193 if tamo real condition    
160 painful, sick tandá pain    
23 blood tanjémá      
116 flower tapi      
144 to burn word info tengé      
199 Three word info tepóma      
94 to throw word info tiokó lengé to throw straight    
3 right toláe      
78 to cut, hack word info tombengé to cut with an axe    
91 to buy topó píngi      
204 Eight word info tukulápó      
205 Nine word info tukutépó      
169 year tukutépó angato      
123 to flow tukénge to flow very strongly (white caps in river)    
96 dog tuá      
38 to chew word info támbó lengé      
118 grass táni Torenama dialect    
79 stick/wood tánu used for digging/gardening    
118 grass tánu Mai dialect    
199 Three word info téma      
180 far tépenda      
199 Three word info tépó      
202 Six word info tókange      
81 sharp tóká      
141 wet tómbe lápae      
14 belly tómbá      
98 egg túkú      
164 good utúláo      
68 needle waimále      
190 other waká      
164 good wakáne      
109 mosquito walya      
162 old word info wambáke old (of humans, stones, wood, pigs)    
113 branch word info wangyá      
111 fish wapáká      
73 to steal waá nyíngi      
109 mosquito wilya      
113 branch word info wáingi      
122 water word info wámbe      
8 to turn word info wángó wángó píngi to turn around    
56 child wáné      
193 if yakandéno real condition    
140 dry word info yandó      
39 to cook word info yangengé      
135 lightning yanái apáka síngi      
135 lightning yanái-wapáka      
12 skin yanóngé. yanú      
12 skin yanúngí      
85 to choose yapaó nyíngi to choose/elect    
114 leaf yokó      
26 hair word info yomandí      
99 feather yomandí      
77 to scratch word info yuíi pingí      
97 bird yáka      
128 sky yáké      
161 shy, ashamed yála shame    
153 big yálé      
96 dog yána      
201 Five word info yángí púndu      
201 Five word info yáu      
201 Five word info yáunge. yuungí      
66 to tie up, fasten yómbenge to tie up    
12 skin yóngé      
102 rat yúi generic (?)    
135 lightning yúpele      
168 day yúu      
188 what? word info áki      
181 where? word info ákisa      
70 to shoot word info ándenge to shoot/grow    
86 to grow word info ándenge      
18 breast ándu      
70 to shoot word info ánduingi to shoot/grow    
61 house ándá      
55 woman/female áne      
166 correct, true ángí true    
177 this ángó      
133 rain ápu      
34 to cry ée lengé      
161 shy, ashamed élya shame    
183 thou émba      
55 woman/female énda      
58 wife énda      
140 dry word info éndo pípae      
164 good épé      
105 tail étenge      
127 woods/forest íma      
107 worm (earthworm) ímú      
143 fire ítá      
146 ash ítá kúkú      
80 to split word info ítá paté píngi to split firewood    
80 to split word info ítá waíngi to split firewood    
26 hair word info ítí      
99 feather ítí      
187 they ókóita      
109 mosquito ólyá      
178 that ómo      

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