https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Enga

Source/Author:  Adrianne Lang 
Notes:  Lang, Adrianne. 1973. Enga dictionary with English index. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Enga is the most widely spoken Trans-New Guinea language. Dialects include Laiapo, Mai, Lyaime, Papayuku, and Torenama. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 347
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Trans-New Guinea:Engan:Enga 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand kíngi      
2 left kóya      
2 left sái      
3 right toláe      
4 leg/foot kímbú      
4 leg/foot mókó      
5 to walk paengé to walk around    
6 road/path káita      
6 road/path kaitíní      
7 to come epengé      
8 to turn word info wángó wángó píngi to turn around    
9 to swim endákí sóo pengé      
9 to swim endákí tandenge      
10 dirty kaimála pípae      
10 dirty kumbakúmba      
10 dirty kunáu      
11 dust kungúma      
11 dust ninúma      
12 skin yanóngé. yanú      
12 skin yanúngí      
12 skin yóngé      
13 back word info maítá      
14 belly tómbá      
15 bone kólí      
15 bone kúlí      
16 intestines genánge      
16 intestines ingí      
17 liver pungí      
18 breast ándu      
19 shoulder ayokondé      
19 shoulder lataí      
19 shoulder lataiyá. lengé      
20 to know, be knowledgeable kandengé      
20 to know, be knowledgeable mámbenge      
20 to know, be knowledgeable másingi      
20 to know, be knowledgeable nébó tengé      
20 to know, be knowledgeable sekengé      
21 to think mámbenge      
21 to think másingi      
21 to think némbe tengé      
22 to fear páka noun    
23 blood kupápu      
23 blood taiyóko      
23 blood tanjémá      
24 head ayámba      
24 head ayómba      
24 head maténá      
25 neck mangé      
26 hair word info ítí      
26 hair word info yomandí      
27 nose lyáa      
28 to breathe imámbú breath    
29 to sniff, smell aí síngi      
30 mouth kámbú      
30 mouth kambupu      
31 tooth nénge      
32 tongue keké (píngi)      
32 tongue ketange      
33 to laugh gií kaengé      
33 to laugh gií noun    
34 to cry aé lengé      
34 to cry ée lengé      
35 to vomit pyakui      
36 to spit talyíngi      
37 to eat nengé to eat, bite, graze    
38 to chew word info támbó lengé      
39 to cook word info yangengé      
39 to cook word info kakílyingi      
40 to drink      
41 to bite níki níki pingí to bite down on a hard object    
42 to suck makapúsingi      
43 ear kalé      
44 to hear síngi      
45 eye lénge      
46 to see kandengé      
47 to yawn angamáe mandengé/miníngi      
48 to sleep (luú) palengé/palingí/palyingí      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream kombéa pingí      
51 to sit petengé      
52 to stand katengé      
53 person/human being endakáli      
54 man/male akáli      
55 woman/female énda      
55 woman/female áne      
56 child wáné      
57 husband akalíngi      
58 wife énda      
59 mother endángi      
59 mother máma      
60 father apa      
60 father asá      
61 house ándá      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name kénge      
64 to say (pií) lengé to speak    
65 rope momó      
66 to tie up, fasten yómbenge to tie up    
67 to sew word info kií pingí      
68 needle waimále      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info ándenge to shoot/grow    
70 to shoot word info ánduingi to shoot/grow    
71 to stab, pierce kápu katengé      
72 to hit word info píngi      
73 to steal páke nengé      
73 to steal páke nyíngi      
73 to steal waá nyíngi      
74 to kill lapuíngi      
74 to kill píngi      
75 to die, be dead kumíngi      
75 to die, be dead lembé lengé      
76 to live, be alive léte katengé/petengé      
77 to scratch word info kindúpa miníngi      
77 to scratch word info yuíi pingí      
78 to cut, hack word info tombengé to cut with an axe    
79 stick/wood láma used for digging/gardening    
79 stick/wood tánu used for digging/gardening    
80 to split word info ítá waíngi to split firewood    
80 to split word info ítá paté píngi to split firewood    
81 sharp tóká      
82 dull, blunt loláta      
83 to work word info kalái pingí      
84 to plant leépenge      
85 to choose yapaó nyíngi to choose/elect    
86 to grow word info ándenge      
87 to swell word info kokó tengé      
88 to squeeze word info pyakíngí      
89 to hold word info apí pingí (?)    
90 to dig amengé to dig up    
90 to dig takíngi to dig out (a tree, etc. but not ditch)    
91 to buy pongengé      
91 to buy sambengé      
91 to buy topó píngi      
92 to open, uncover aútí píngi      
92 to open, uncover lumbingí      
92 to open, uncover lyangengé      
92 to open, uncover talénge      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info tiokó lengé to throw straight    
95 to fall word info lokálingi      
95 to fall word info lopa lyíngi      
96 dog ambaípu      
96 dog kotena      
96 dog pendé      
96 dog tuá      
96 dog yána      
97 bird yáka      
97 bird pisíni loan   L
98 egg kápá      
98 egg túkú      
99 feather ítí      
99 feather sili      
99 feather yomandí      
100 wing pápá      
101 to fly búu (láo) lengé      
101 to fly pée lengé      
102 rat yúi generic (?)    
103 meat/flesh mínju flesh    
104 fat/grease amé      
105 tail étenge      
106 snake kanopáto      
107 worm (earthworm) imámu      
107 worm (earthworm) ímú      
107 worm (earthworm) mánga      
108 louse word info léma      
109 mosquito ólyá      
109 mosquito walya      
109 mosquito wilya      
110 spider aete      
110 spider gálu. kakeámúni      
110 spider ipáiyapái      
111 fish wapáká      
112 rotten word info atíngí      
112 rotten word info asingí Laiapo dialect    
113 branch word info wáingi      
113 branch word info wangyá      
114 leaf káka      
114 leaf yokó      
115 root píngi      
116 flower tapi      
117 fruit dií      
117 fruit dingí      
117 fruit jingí      
118 grass táni Torenama dialect    
118 grass tánu Mai dialect    
119 earth/soil kate red earth used for decoration    
120 stone kaná      
120 stone máli      
121 sand (endákí) kéa      
121 sand (ípa) kée      
122 water word info wámbe      
123 to flow tukénge to flow very strongly (white caps in river)    
124 sea      
125 salt aípí salt - native    
126 lake peté      
127 woods/forest íma      
127 woods/forest itái      
128 sky kaítí      
128 sky kátí      
128 sky lipíná      
128 sky yáké      
129 moon kaná      
130 star bói      
130 star búi      
130 star kindúta      
131 cloud word info molé      
132 fog molé      
133 rain aíwa      
133 rain ápu      
133 rain kulia      
134 thunder kaítí kepu lengé      
135 lightning tamangali      
135 lightning yanái apáka síngi      
135 lightning yanái-wapáka      
135 lightning yúpele      
136 wind poó      
136 wind popotaó      
136 wind imámbú      
137 to blow word info poó lengé      
138 warm word info ayene kaengé/pingí      
139 cold word info kií nengé to be cold    
139 cold word info kupá pingí to be cold    
140 dry word info éndo pípae      
140 dry word info sápualo      
140 dry word info sápupae      
140 dry word info yandó      
141 wet tómbe lápae      
142 heavy kéndá kaengé verb 'to be heavy'    
142 heavy kéndá pingí verb 'to be heavy'    
143 fire ítá      
144 to burn word info tengé      
144 to burn word info kakílyingi      
145 smoke word info kená      
145 smoke word info kenaí      
145 smoke word info kiná      
146 ash ítá kúkú      
146 ash kená      
147 black pumbútí      
147 black pupútí      
148 white ipaí      
148 white kápo      
149 red alúngi      
149 red apóé      
149 red kangyóó. kóne      
150 yellow saé      
150 yellow salyépae      
150 yellow talyépae      
151 green sáká      
152 small kame      
152 small kóki      
153 big andáke      
153 big aluánga      
153 big yálé      
154 short word info muíngi      
154 short word info múu      
155 long word info londáti      
155 long word info londáu      
155 long word info lódé      
155 long word info londénge      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow tambuinátae      
158 narrow lyónge meaning uncertain    
159 wide pée látae      
160 painful, sick tandá pain    
160 painful, sick kumíngi sick    
161 shy, ashamed élya shame    
161 shy, ashamed yála shame    
162 old word info wambáke old (of humans, stones, wood, pigs)    
163 new enénge      
164 good andiki pípae      
164 good auú pípae      
164 good épé      
164 good utúláo      
164 good wakáne      
165 bad, evil koó      
166 correct, true ángí true    
166 correct, true kíní true    
167 night kuká      
167 night kúkua      
168 day kóte      
168 day nitá      
168 day yúu      
169 year eé kaná      
169 year tukutépó angato      
170 when? word info anúpá      
171 to hide word info aemé lengé      
171 to hide word info golé pingí      
171 to hide word info matályingi      
172 to climb word info kisíngi      
172 to climb word info kolályingi      
173 at -ka      
173 at -nya      
173 at -sa      
174 in, inside andakóte      
174 in, inside andokóte      
174 in, inside kóko      
174 in, inside kóto      
174 in, inside pángó      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this dáke      
177 this ángó      
178 that dóko      
178 that ómo      
179 near nondópa near in time and space    
180 far londáti      
180 far londáu      
180 far lóndé      
180 far tépenda      
181 where? word info andúsa      
181 where? word info ákisa      
182 I nambá. naá 2nd word: Laiapo dialect (?)    
183 thou émba      
183 thou nímba      
184 he/she baá      
185 we word info náima      
186 you anematúpa      
186 you nyakáma      
187 they alyutúpa. dúpa      
187 they ókóita      
188 what? word info áki      
189 who? word info apí      
190 other bakalé      
190 other waká      
191 all pipetá      
192 and -pi      
193 if -le irreal condition    
193 if -li irreal condition    
193 if tamo real condition    
193 if yakandéno real condition    
194 how? word info aípá      
195 no, not daá      
196 to count itákí píngi      
197 One word info mendái      
197 One word info méndé      
198 Two word info lápó      
198 Two word info lapóma      
198 Two word info lapotá      
199 Three word info téma      
199 Three word info tépó      
199 Three word info tepóma      
200 Four word info kitómende      
200 Four word info kitúmende      
201 Five word info yáu      
201 Five word info yáunge. yuungí      
201 Five word info yángí púndu      
202 Six word info tókange      
203 Seven word info kálange      
203 Seven word info sakáita      
204 Eight word info tukulápó      
204 Eight word info mange lao waketau      
205 Nine word info tukutépó      
206 Ten word info akalitá mendái      
206 Ten word info mánge pundu      
207 Twenty word info akalitá lápó      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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