: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Koiarian

Source/Author:  Thomas Edward Dutton 
Notes:  Dutton, Thomas Edward. 2010. Reconstructing Proto Koiarian: the history of a Papuan language family. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Koiarian consists of two branches: Koiaric and Baraic. Unless otherwise indicated by "PKr" or "PBc," all reconstructions are Proto-Koiarian.

PKr = Proto-Koiaric
PBc = Proto-Baraic 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
  • Total Data: 164
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
Classification:  Trans-New Guinea:Southeast Papuan:Koiarian 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 


Change History:

Showing 3 of 2 entries. Show ALL logged changes


ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *ada arm, hand, branch, wing    
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot *díʔ- PBc: 'leg'    
5 to walk      
6 road/path *ɣuma PKr: 'path, road'    
7 to come *roɣo-      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim *(e,i)so-      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin *vata      
13 back word info      
14 belly      
15 bone *(ʔ)adV PBc    
16 intestines *de stomach, intestines, feces    
17 liver *va PBc    
18 breast *amu      
18 breast *m(u,o)sV PBc    
19 shoulder *bag(u,i,o) PKr    
19 shoulder *sirefi PBc    
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think *ɣuɣu-      
22 to fear *juhu- PBc: 'to be afraid'    
23 blood *taɣo blood    
24 head *kina PKr    
25 neck *seno      
25 neck *tu PKr: 'nape of neck'    
26 hair word info      
27 nose *uri      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth *irV PBc    
31 tooth *gubai PBc    
32 tongue *neme PKr: 'middle tongue'    
32 tongue *bitarV PBc    
33 to laugh *ki(jo)- PBc    
34 to cry *ni[na]-      
35 to vomit *edo(ɣo)-ɣa- PKr    
36 to spit      
37 to eat *i- to eat, drink    
38 to chew word info *nana-      
39 to cook word info *amufa- to cook (in ground on hot stones), mumu    
39 to cook word info *muru- PBc: 'to cook on hot stones'    
40 to drink *i- to eat, drink    
41 to bite *ua-ɣa- PKr    
41 to bite *jaʔi- PBc    
42 to suck      
43 ear *gada PBc    
44 to hear *ifi- to hear, understand, feel    
45 eye *ni      
46 to see *ere-ɣa- PKr    
46 to see *aga- PBc    
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep *ya-ɣa- PKr: 'to sleep, lie down'    
48 to sleep *ni(n)a- PBc: 'to sleep'    
49 to lie down word info *ya-ɣa- PKr: 'to sleep, lie down'    
50 to dream      
51 to sit *(u)gurama- PKr: 'to sit down'    
51 to sit *fi- PBc: 'to sit' (singular subjects)    
51 to sit *kari- PBc: 'to sit' (plural subjects)    
52 to stand *ra-mi- singular subject only    
53 person/human being *bia people (of)    
53 person/human being *e PBc    
54 man/male *ata PKr: 'man'    
54 man/male *mo PKr: 'male, boy, male child'    
55 woman/female *maɣina      
56 child *ɣami      
57 husband *baru PBc: 'man, husband'    
58 wife *mabara      
59 mother *neina PKr    
60 father *baba term of address    
60 father *mama term of reference    
61 house *arV PBc: 'house, place, land'    
62 thatch/roof      
63 name *ifí      
64 to say *ro(i,u)- to say, speak, talk    
64 to say *kua- PBc: 'to talk, speak'    
65 rope *ɣote PKr: 'vine, string, rope'    
65 rope *kai PBc: 'string, rope'    
66 to tie up, fasten *tumu-      
67 to sew word info *sigu- to sew up    
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info *ɣa-ma-      
72 to hit word info *kan- PBc    
73 to steal      
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead *vati- PKr    
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info *tumu- to scratch (skin)    
78 to cut, hack word info *afa- to cut, chop (wood)    
78 to cut, hack word info *vej- PBc: 'to chop, cut down'    
79 stick/wood *idí tree, stick, pole, log    
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info *me noun    
84 to plant *va- to plant (garden)    
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig *karo- to dig up, dig out, harvest (yams)    
90 to dig *rofo- PKr: 'to dig (hole)'    
91 to buy *f(u)ae-v- buy, sell, barter    
92 to open, uncover *arafa- PKr    
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info *dob(i,a)-      
96 dog *to PKr    
96 dog *(ʔ,k)uo PBc    
97 bird *ugu(fa)      
98 egg *uni egg, kernel    
99 feather *fómo hair, fur, feather    
99 feather *ui PBc: 'hair, fur, feathers'    
100 wing *ada arm, hand, branch, wing    
101 to fly      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh *mi animal, game, meat    
104 fat/grease      
105 tail *(t,d)ete PKr    
105 tail *ivienV PBc    
106 snake *tabarV PBc    
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info *ʔumu      
109 mosquito *un(a,u) PKr: 'mosquito, gnat'    
110 spider      
111 fish      
112 rotten word info *sag(o,a)- PBc    
113 branch word info *ada arm, hand, branch, wing    
114 leaf *fana      
115 root *umu-ka PKr: 'root, base'    
116 flower      
117 fruit *bai      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil *vata PKr: 'ground, earth'    
119 earth/soil *saka PBc: 'ground, earth'    
120 stone *muni      
121 sand *ajarV PBc    
122 water word info *(i)do PBc    
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt *misV PBc    
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky      
129 moon *bata PKr    
130 star *didi      
131 cloud word info *ʔimitiV. *isu both words: PBc    
132 fog      
133 rain *ven(í,e)      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind *uburu wind (breeze)    
137 to blow word info *ufu- blow fire (to make it burn)    
137 to blow word info *fuasi- 'blow (fire)'    
138 warm word info *fufune- PKr: 'hot'    
139 cold word info      
140 dry word info *giri      
141 wet      
142 heavy *isu      
143 fire *vené fire, firewood    
144 to burn word info *ra-ɣa- intransitive    
144 to burn word info *maɣo(i)- PKr: 'to burn, cook (by burning)'    
145 smoke word info *uʔV PBc    
146 ash *utuɣu PKr    
146 ash *tuʔu- PBc    
147 black *aja PBc    
148 white *(k,t)ae PKr    
149 red *kavu PBc    
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small *(e,i)se      
153 big *barug(e,a) PKr    
154 short word info *tuʔuaké      
155 long word info *ege      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info *aduné      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick *vi(ʔ,k)e PBc: verb    
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info *mami      
163 new *isa PKr: new, uncooked, raw, young    
164 good *maɣe      
164 good *maʔi      
165 bad, evil *sise- PBc    
166 correct, true      
167 night *vafi      
167 night *na(ʔ,k)i- PBc    
168 day *vani PKr: 'sun, day'    
168 day *maja- PBc: 'sun'    
168 day *ve PBc: 'sun, day'    
169 year      
170 when? word info *veda PBc    
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info *ají- PBc: 'to ascend, go up'    
173 at *-fe locative noun suffix: 'at, to, from'    
174 in, inside      
175 above *ada top    
176 below      
177 this *oko PKr    
178 that *eke PKr    
178 that *ga- PBc    
179 near      
180 far      
181 where? word info      
182 I *da PKr    
182 I *na PBc    
183 thou *a      
184 he/she *afu      
185 we word info *no      
186 you *ya      
187 they *yabu      
188 what? word info *vadu      
188 what? word info *ono PKr    
188 what? word info *ida PBc    
189 who? word info *-are PKr: 'who, which'    
189 who? word info *irara PBc    
190 other      
191 all      
192 and *-gé      
193 if *-ne(i) medial verb suffix: 'if, when'    
194 how? word info      
195 no, not *bé      
195 no, not *vefite PKr    
196 to count      
197 One word info *(i,o)gau      
198 Two word info *abu(t)i PKr    
198 Two word info *inoki PBc    
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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