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Language: Nanumea

Source/Author:  Peter Ranby 
Notes:  Ranby, Peter. 1980. A Nanumea Lexicon. Canberra: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.

Nanumea is spoken on the northernmost island of Tuvalu. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Ellicean 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above luga   9  
191 all katoa   13  
192 and      
146 ash lefu   67  
146 ash pefu   67  
173 at i   1  
13 back word info tua   11  
165 bad, evil maahei      
14 belly tinae   19, 34  
176 below lalo   8  
153 big lahi   12  
97 bird manulele   1  
147 black uli   7  
23 blood toto   4  
23 blood kelakela   55?  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
113 branch word info kaulaa   1, 4?  
18 breast uu   1  
56 child tama   6  
56 child tamaliki   6, 63  
131 cloud word info kaumana      
139 cold word info maaluuluu   74  
139 cold word info makalili   1, 52  
166 correct, true muna tonu truth 8  
168 day ao   1, 54  
10 dirty pala   7  
10 dirty kelekelea   10  
96 dog kulii   7  
140 dry word info tauaki to dry in the sun 91  
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust paefu   1, 74  
43 ear taliga   1  
119 earth/soil kele   10  
98 egg fua   5  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
45 eye mata   1  
180 far mamao   13  
104 fat/grease hinu   14  
104 fat/grease gako   14  
60 father      
99 feather fulu   1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire afi   1  
143 fire kavakava      
111 fish ika   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
116 flower pula   1?  
132 fog fofu   1?, 47  
200 Four word info faa   1, 66  
117 fruit fua   1  
164 good lelei   17  
118 grass mauku   58  
118 grass mouku   58  
151 green lanu lau niu   12  
26 hair word info fulufulu   31  
1 hand lima   1  
184 he/she ia   1  
24 head ulu   1  
24 head piho   10  
142 heavy mamafa   46  
61 house fale   14  
194 how? word info peehea   11  
57 husband      
182 I au   1, 21  
182 I aku   1, 21  
193 if kaa   1  
193 if kaafai   1, 46  
193 if mana   6?  
193 if me he mea   5  
174 in, inside loto   5  
16 intestines gaakau   12  
126 lake tai hala      
114 leaf lau   1  
114 leaf mulo   1?  
2 left valea   31  
2 left hema   11  
2 left hupa      
2 left maui   1, 59  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
135 lightning uila   2  
17 liver ate   1  
155 long word info loa   12  
108 louse word info      
54 man/male taane   1, 11  
103 meat/flesh kanofi   14  
129 moon maahina   37, 5  
129 moon maalama   37, 5  
109 mosquito      
59 mother      
30 mouth gutu   2  
63 name igoa   6  
158 narrow puufoliki   84  
158 narrow puumataniki      
179 near pili   30  
25 neck ua   18  
68 needle nila     L
163 new foou   1  
167 night poo   1  
167 night poouli   1, 10  
167 night taiao      
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
195 no, not ikai   10, 83  
195 no, not mooe      
27 nose ihu   1  
162 old word info matua old person or animal 1  
197 One word info tahi   41  
209 One Hundred word info lau   2  
210 One Thousand word info afe   3  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
190 other etahi   7  
160 painful, sick malaga      
53 person/human being tagata   1, 66  
133 rain ua   1  
133 rain timu   12  
102 rat kimoa   14  
102 rat kiole   12  
149 red kula   13  
3 right atamai   7  
3 right matau   5, 13  
3 right poto   x  
6 road/path alatuu   1  
6 road/path auala   1  
115 root aka   2  
115 root pogai   2  
65 rope kafa   74  
65 rope lopu      
65 rope maea   10  
112 rotten word info pala   13  
112 rotten word info popo   13  
112 rotten word info pupu   13  
125 salt maasima   3  
121 sand one   1  
121 sand fuu   1  
124 sea tai   1  
124 sea moana   10  
203 Seven word info fitu   1  
81 sharp matakai   14, 16  
154 short word info toetoe      
19 shoulder tuauma   10  
161 shy, ashamed maa   1  
161 shy, ashamed mamaa   1  
202 Six word info      
12 skin kili   1  
12 skin pau   x  
128 sky lagi   1  
152 small foliki   66  
152 small foliil      
152 small fonini      
145 smoke word info au   2  
106 snake      
110 spider makamaka   58  
110 spider pogaaleveleve   1, 57  
130 star fetuu   1  
79 stick/wood kau   1  
79 stick/wood laakau   1  
120 stone fatu   1  
105 tail hiku   13  
206 Ten word info fua-   5  
206 Ten word info gafulu   5  
206 Ten word info toa   10  
206 Ten word info tino ten humans (Source: Pollex) 31  
178 that teenaa   1  
178 that teelaa      
62 thatch/roof ato to thatch 1  
62 thatch/roof lau to thatch    
187 they laaua dual x  
187 they laatou plural x  
157 thick word info maatolu   3  
157 thick word info tuaefa thick (of rope) 10  
157 thick word info tuatua thick (of rope) 10  
156 thin word info tuaniki   34  
177 this teenei   7, 1  
177 this nei   1  
183 thou koe   1  
183 thou ke   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
134 thunder mana   37  
41 to bite      
137 to blow word info agi blow (wind) 8  
137 to blow word info puhi blow (mouth) 6  
28 to breathe mapu   14  
28 to breathe gaegae   10  
144 to burn word info tafu   8  
144 to burn word info tugia   7  
91 to buy tata   43  
91 to buy fakatau mai   9  
38 to chew word info lamu   7  
38 to chew word info mama   1  
38 to chew word info gau   8  
38 to chew word info gugu   9  
85 to choose fili   1  
172 to climb word info kake   32  
7 to come hau singular 44  
7 to come mai plural 1  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
196 to count tau   8  
196 to count lau   8, 62  
34 to cry tagi   1  
78 to cut, hack word info kati   9  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig keli   1  
90 to dig kenu   6  
90 to dig koli   1  
50 to dream moemiti   7, 36  
40 to drink inu   1  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
95 to fall word info too   14  
22 to fear mataku   1  
22 to fear hapole      
22 to fear hee   1?  
123 to flow hua      
123 to flow lofia   10  
123 to flow tafe   10  
101 to fly eva   11  
101 to fly lele   11  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
44 to hear lagona   1  
44 to hear logo   1  
171 to hide word info mumuni   1, 67  
171 to hide word info fakalilo   1  
171 to hide word info fuu   1, 16  
72 to hit word info taa   10  
89 to hold word info puke   13  
89 to hold word info tago   14  
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill taa mate   2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa   13  
33 to laugh kata   7  
49 to lie down word info moe ki lalo   6  
49 to lie down word info fakapale      
76 to live, be alive      
92 to open, uncover hue   1  
92 to open, uncover tatala   10  
92 to open, uncover mafela   9?  
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info tukituki   2  
64 to say fai   127?  
64 to say faipati   127?  
64 to say taku   27  
77 to scratch word info alati   10  
46 to see kilo   1?  
46 to see lavea      
46 to see pula      
67 to sew word info      
70 to shoot word info fana   1  
51 to sit noho   16  
48 to sleep moe   10  
29 to sniff, smell mahogi intransitive 9  
29 to sniff, smell hogi transitive 9  
36 to spit anu   14, 84  
36 to spit puhi   15  
80 to split word info ihi   7  
88 to squeeze word info kumi   14  
88 to squeeze word info lomi   10  
88 to squeeze word info tau   13  
71 to stab, pierce velo   15  
71 to stab, pierce tui   52  
52 to stand tuu   2  
73 to steal kaiaa   7  
42 to suck mimiti   8  
87 to swell word info fefete   5  
87 to swell word info fufula   7  
9 to swim kakau   5  
21 to think lagona      
21 to think manatu   9  
21 to think maafaufau   8?  
94 to throw word info tupe   66  
94 to throw word info apa to throw a knife or stick    
66 to tie up, fasten noanoa   14  
66 to tie up, fasten lii to tie (on skirt) 14  
8 to turn word info takapili   90  
35 to vomit lua   8  
5 to walk haele   6  
83 to work word info haga   10  
47 to yawn      
32 tongue alelo   15  
31 tooth nifo   1  
207 Twenty word info tekau   4  
198 Two word info lua   1  
198 Two word info aoa   1  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
138 warm word info mavelavela   8  
122 water word info vai   2  
185 we word info      
141 wet hihiu   11  
141 wet maalu   10  
141 wet pala   38  
188 what? word info aa   1  
170 when? word info naafea past 5  
170 when? word info aafea future 5  
181 where? word info teehea   3, 35  
148 white tea   8  
189 who? word info ai   1  
159 wide lauefa   48  
58 wife      
136 wind      
100 wing kapakau   1, 59  
55 woman/female fafine   1, 106  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
107 worm (earthworm) kalemuta   9  
169 year tauhanga   1  
150 yellow sama   59  
150 yellow fefelo   11  
150 yellow hegahega   12  
186 you koulua   x  
186 you koutou   16  

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