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Language: Nanumea

Source/Author:  Peter Ranby 
Notes:  Ranby, Peter. 1980. A Nanumea Lexicon. Canberra: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.

Nanumea is spoken on the northernmost island of Tuvalu. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Ellicean 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
41 to bite      
47 to yawn      
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother      
60 father      
67 to sew word info      
69 to hunt word info      
76 to live, be alive      
82 dull, blunt      
84 to plant      
106 snake      
108 louse word info      
109 mosquito      
136 wind      
185 we word info      
192 and      
202 Six word info      
208 Fifty word info      
1 hand lima   1  
2 left valea   31  
2 left hema   11  
2 left hupa      
2 left maui   1, 59  
3 right atamai   7  
3 right matau   5, 13  
3 right poto   x  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
5 to walk haele   6  
6 road/path alatuu   1  
6 road/path auala   1  
8 to turn word info takapili   90  
9 to swim kakau   5  
10 dirty pala   7  
10 dirty kelekelea   10  
11 dust paefu   1, 74  
12 skin kili   1  
12 skin pau   x  
13 back word info tua   11  
14 belly tinae   19, 34  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
16 intestines gaakau   12  
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast uu   1  
19 shoulder tuauma   10  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa   13  
21 to think lagona      
21 to think manatu   9  
21 to think maafaufau   107  
22 to fear mataku   1  
22 to fear hapole      
22 to fear hee   92  
23 blood toto   4  
23 blood kelakela   55  
24 head ulu   1  
24 head piho   10  
25 neck ua   18  
26 hair word info fulufulu   31  
27 nose ihu   1  
28 to breathe mapu   14  
28 to breathe gaegae   10  
30 mouth gutu   2  
31 tooth nifo   1  
32 tongue alelo   15  
33 to laugh kata   7  
34 to cry tagi   1  
35 to vomit lua   8  
36 to spit anu   14, 84, 121  
36 to spit puhi   15  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
38 to chew word info lamu   7  
38 to chew word info mama   1  
38 to chew word info gau   8  
38 to chew word info gugu   9  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
40 to drink inu   1  
42 to suck mimiti   8  
43 ear taliga   1  
44 to hear lagona   1  
44 to hear logo   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see kilo   1?  
46 to see lavea      
46 to see pula      
48 to sleep moe   10  
49 to lie down word info moe ki lalo   6  
49 to lie down word info fakapale      
50 to dream moemiti   7, 36  
51 to sit noho   16  
52 to stand tuu   2  
53 person/human being tagata   1, 66, 97  
54 man/male taane   1, 11  
55 woman/female fafine   1, 106  
56 child tama   6  
56 child tamaliki   6, 63  
61 house fale   14  
63 name igoa   6  
64 to say fai   127  
64 to say faipati   127  
64 to say taku   27  
65 rope kafa   74  
65 rope lopu      
65 rope maea   10  
66 to tie up, fasten noanoa   14  
68 needle nila     L
70 to shoot word info fana   1  
71 to stab, pierce velo   15  
71 to stab, pierce tui   52  
72 to hit word info taa   10  
73 to steal kaiaa   7  
74 to kill taa mate   2  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
77 to scratch word info alati   10  
78 to cut, hack word info kati   9  
79 stick/wood kau   1  
79 stick/wood laakau   1  
80 to split word info ihi   7  
81 sharp matakai   14, 16  
83 to work word info haga   10  
85 to choose fili   1  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
87 to swell word info fefete   5  
87 to swell word info fufula   7  
88 to squeeze word info kumi   14  
88 to squeeze word info lomi   10  
88 to squeeze word info tau   13  
89 to hold word info puke   13  
89 to hold word info tago   14  
90 to dig keli   1  
90 to dig kenu   6  
90 to dig koli   1  
91 to buy tata   43  
91 to buy fakatau mai   9  
92 to open, uncover hue   1  
92 to open, uncover tatala   10  
92 to open, uncover mafela   9?  
93 to pound, beat word info tukituki   2  
94 to throw word info tupe   66  
95 to fall word info too   14  
96 dog kulii   7  
97 bird manulele   1  
98 egg fua   5  
99 feather fulu   1  
100 wing kapakau   1, 59  
101 to fly eva   11  
101 to fly lele   11  
102 rat kimoa   14  
102 rat kiole   12  
103 meat/flesh kanofi   14  
104 fat/grease hinu   12  
104 fat/grease gako   14  
105 tail hiku   13  
107 worm (earthworm) kalemuta   9  
110 spider makamaka   58  
110 spider pogaaleveleve   1, 57  
111 fish ika   1  
112 rotten word info pala   13  
112 rotten word info popo   13  
112 rotten word info pupu   13  
113 branch word info kaulaa   1, 4?  
114 leaf lau   1  
114 leaf mulo   1?  
115 root aka   2  
115 root pogai   2  
116 flower pula   1?  
117 fruit fua   1  
118 grass mauku   58  
118 grass mouku   58  
119 earth/soil kele   10  
120 stone fatu   1  
121 sand one   1  
121 sand fuu   1  
122 water word info vai   2  
123 to flow hua      
123 to flow lofia   10  
123 to flow tafe   10  
124 sea tai   1  
124 sea moana   10  
125 salt maasima   3  
126 lake tai hala      
127 woods/forest vao   14  
128 sky lagi   1  
129 moon maahina   37, 5  
129 moon maalama   37, 5  
130 star fetuu   1  
131 cloud word info kaumana      
132 fog fofu   1?, 47  
133 rain ua   1  
133 rain timu   12  
134 thunder mana   37  
135 lightning uila   2  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
138 warm word info mavelavela   8  
139 cold word info maaluuluu   74  
139 cold word info makalili   1, 52  
141 wet hihiu   11  
141 wet maalu   10  
141 wet pala   38  
142 heavy mamafa   46  
143 fire afi   1  
143 fire kavakava      
144 to burn word info tafu   8  
144 to burn word info tugia   7  
145 smoke word info au   2  
146 ash lefu   67  
146 ash pefu   67  
147 black uli   7  
148 white tea   8  
149 red kula   13  
150 yellow sama   59  
150 yellow fefelo   11  
150 yellow hegahega   12  
151 green lanu lau niu   12  
152 small foliki   66  
152 small foliil      
152 small fonini      
153 big lahi   12  
154 short word info toetoe      
155 long word info loa   12  
156 thin word info tuaniki   34  
157 thick word info maatolu   3  
158 narrow puufoliki   84  
158 narrow puumataniki      
159 wide lauefa   48  
160 painful, sick malaga      
161 shy, ashamed maa   1  
161 shy, ashamed mamaa   1  
163 new foou   1  
164 good lelei   17  
165 bad, evil maahei      
167 night poo   1  
167 night poouli   1, 10  
167 night taiao      
168 day ao   1, 54  
169 year tauhanga   1  
171 to hide word info mumuni   1, 67  
171 to hide word info fakalilo   1  
171 to hide word info fuu   1, 16  
172 to climb word info kake   32  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside loto   5  
175 above luga   9  
176 below lalo   8  
177 this teenei   7, 1  
177 this nei   1  
178 that teenaa   1  
178 that teelaa      
179 near pili   30  
180 far mamao   13  
181 where? word info teehea   3, 35  
182 I au   1, 21  
182 I aku   1, 21  
183 thou koe   1  
183 thou ke   1  
184 he/she ia   1  
186 you koulua   x  
186 you koutou   16  
188 what? word info aa   1  
189 who? word info ai   1  
190 other etahi   7  
191 all katoa   13  
193 if kaa   1  
193 if kaafai   1, 46  
193 if mana   6?  
193 if me he mea   5  
194 how? word info peehea   11  
195 no, not ikai   10, 83  
195 no, not mooe      
196 to count tau   8  
196 to count lau   8, 62  
197 One word info tahi   41  
198 Two word info lua   1  
198 Two word info aoa   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
200 Four word info faa   1, 66  
201 Five word info lima   1  
203 Seven word info fitu   1  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
206 Ten word info fua-   5  
206 Ten word info gafulu   5  
206 Ten word info toa   10  
207 Twenty word info tekau   4  
209 One Hundred word info lau   2  
210 One Thousand word info afe   3  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
137 to blow word info puhi blow (mouth) 6  
137 to blow word info agi blow (wind) 8  
187 they laaua dual x  
170 when? word info aafea future 5  
29 to sniff, smell mahogi intransitive 9  
162 old word info matua old person or animal 1  
170 when? word info naafea past 5  
7 to come mai plural 1  
187 they laatou plural x  
7 to come hau singular 44  
206 Ten word info tino ten humans (Source: Pollex) 31  
157 thick word info tuaefa thick (of rope) 10  
157 thick word info tuatua thick (of rope) 10  
140 dry word info tauaki to dry in the sun 91  
62 thatch/roof ato to thatch 1  
62 thatch/roof lau to thatch    
94 to throw word info apa to throw a knife or stick    
66 to tie up, fasten lii to tie (on skirt) 14  
29 to sniff, smell hogi transitive 9  
166 correct, true muna tonu truth 8  

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