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Language: Biao (Shidong)

Source/Author:  Liang Min 
Notes:  ISO 639-3: byk Source: 梁敏 / Liang Min. 标话硏究 / Biao hua yan jiu (A Study of Biao). Beijing: 中央民族大学出版社 / Zhong yang min zu da xue chu ban she, 2002.

Biao, the easternmost of the Tai-Kadai languages, is spoken by the Biao people (标人) of Huaiji County (怀集县), Guangdong, China. The Shidong (诗洞) dialect is used. Liang considers Lakkia and Biao to be Kam-Sui languages (Liang 2002:159-160).

Tones (Shidong 诗洞 dialect):
1 = /55/
2 = /214/
3 = /54/
4 = /132/
5 = /35/
6 = /22/
7 = /55/
8 = /35/
9 = /12/
10 = /22/
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 225
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 43
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Kam-Sui 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 48 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
38 to chew word info      
40 to drink      
62 thatch/roof      
69 to hunt word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
77 to scratch word info      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
88 to squeeze word info      
95 to fall word info      
112 rotten word info      
146 ash      
161 shy, ashamed      
170 when? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
58 wife (lam5) piɔ4      
57 husband (lam5) uŋ3      
59 mother a1 ma5 vocative    
60 father a1 pa1 vocative    
179 near a5      
138 warm word info am5 warm    
189 who? word info an1 tsan2      
35 to vomit au1 Chinese   L
116 flower fa3      
94 to throw word info fak7 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
80 to split word info fan3 Chinese   L
24 head ha6 lo5 PAN *qulu 1  
26 hair word info ha6 lo5 θam1      
19 shoulder ha6 tshu5      
167 night ha:m5      
166 correct, true ha:p10      
5 to walk ha:ŋ2      
29 to sniff, smell ham5      
48 to sleep han5      
117 fruit haŋ6 ȵa2 liak8      
125 salt him4      
92 to open, uncover hoi1 older Chinese loanword   L
92 to open, uncover hoi3 later Chinese loanword   L
126 lake hu2 Chinese   L
87 to swell word info huk8      
159 wide hut9      
1 hand hy2 Chinese ?   L?
175 above hyn1 tiaŋ1      
124 sea hɔi1 Chinese   L
20 to know, be knowledgeable hɛu1      
65 rope ja6 rope (thin)    
98 egg ja:i6      
141 wet jai2      
15 bone jak8      
23 blood jan2      
53 person/human being jan2      
168 day jan2      
197 One word info jat7 Chinese   L
163 new jau5      
3 right jau6 Chinese   L
99 feather jaŋ2      
165 bad, evil juŋ4      
115 root jøk10   31  
108 louse word info jɔ2 head louse    
185 we word info jɔ2 (lan1) inclusive    
118 grass jɔk10      
109 mosquito jɛ6      
172 to climb word info ka4      
196 to count kai5      
41 to bite kat7      
27 nose kaŋ2 ȵaŋ3   1?  
37 to eat ki1      
205 Nine word info ku3 Chinese   L
72 to hit word info kut7      
192 and kuŋ6      
192 and kuŋ6 ma:i4      
172 to climb word info kwa4      
90 to dig kwat8      
76 to live, be alive kyn6      
64 to say kɔŋ1      
17 liver kɔŋ3 Chinese   L
158 narrow kɛp10      
160 painful, sick kɛt9 painful 1  
123 to flow lai1      
43 ear lak8 ho2      
54 man/male lak8 i3      
102 rat lak8 nu4      
97 bird lak8 phuk7      
55 woman/female lak8 piɔ4      
25 neck lak8 ŋen1   1?  
136 wind lam2      
60 father lam5 na6      
53 person/human being lan2      
181 where? word info lia1 kam2      
56 child liak8 son, offspring 1  
127 woods/forest liam6      
151 green luk8 Chinese   L
153 big luŋ5      
174 in, inside ly1 møŋ3 Chinese   L
33 to laugh ly6 wɔ2      
23 blood lyt10 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
149 red lyŋ5      
61 house løk10      
185 we word info løŋ2 (lan1) exclusive    
180 far lɔi1      
138 warm word info lɔt9 hot    
164 good lɛ1      
195 no, not m6      
188 what? word info m6 sia1      
111 fish ma:i6      
114 leaf mai5 used by older generation speakers, probably more conservative form    
128 sky man1      
104 fat/grease man2      
184 he/she man2      
187 they man2 lan1      
63 name miaŋ4 θu6 Chinese   L
183 thou mu2   1  
186 you mu2 lan1      
96 dog mu3      
132 fog mu6      
178 that mui1 before a word    
147 black muk7      
79 stick/wood muk8 tree    
50 to dream muŋ6 Chinese   L
114 leaf my1      
178 that mɔ5 after a word    
177 this na:i1 before a word 1  
122 water word info na:m4   1  
177 this nai2 after a word 1  
21 to think nam3   1  
7 to come naŋ1      
51 to sit naŋ6      
18 breast niŋ3      
103 meat/flesh nɔn4 of people, fruits    
209 One Hundred word info pa:k9 Chinese   L
204 Eight word info pa:t9 Chinese   L
143 fire pai1   1  
101 to fly pan5      
195 no, not pat7      
49 to lie down word info paŋ6 to recline (posture)    
119 earth/soil phen1      
36 to spit phiɔ3      
169 year phui1 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
97 bird phuk7      
11 dust phuŋ3      
129 moon phyn1      
32 tongue phyə1 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
134 thunder phɔ3      
134 thunder phɔ3 kiu5 verb    
135 lightning phɔ3 tshik7 liaŋ6 verb    
12 skin pi4      
148 white piak10 Chinese   L
5 to walk poi1 to go    
4 leg/foot puk7   41  
171 to hide word info puk8      
86 to grow word info put9 to grow (of wild grass)    
156 thin word info pœk10 Chinese   L
169 year pɛ1      
121 sand sa3      
108 louse word info san1 body louse    
113 branch word info san3      
94 to throw word info san5      
206 Ten word info sap8 Chinese   L
186 you sau1   1  
70 to shoot word info sia6 Chinese   L
22 to fear sip7      
202 Six word info suk7 Chinese   L
194 how? word info syŋ5      
107 worm (earthworm) søn1 earthworm    
42 to suck sɔk9      
28 to breathe sɔk9 hi5 Chinese ?   L?
34 to cry ta1 phɔ1      
120 stone ta1 pɔŋ2      
9 to swim ta1 øm5      
10 dirty ta1 θɔ3      
93 to pound, beat word info ta:p10      
176 below tai1 møŋ3      
110 spider tam1 so1      
203 Seven word info that7 Chinese   L
13 back word info thaŋ6 θiak9      
151 green thiaŋ3 = Green/Blue, Chinese   L
44 to hear thiaŋ5 Chinese   L
74 to kill thɔŋ1      
210 One Thousand word info thɛn3 Chinese   L
85 to choose thɛu3      
6 road/path ti6 tsɔŋ1      
78 to cut, hack word info tiak9      
66 to tie up, fasten tsa:t9      
144 to burn word info tsau4 Chinese   L
47 to yawn tsha:ŋ5 θuk7      
142 heavy tshak7      
68 needle tsham1      
133 rain tshan1      
100 wing tshat7      
67 to sew word info tshia3      
157 thick word info tsho1      
32 tongue tshu1      
106 snake tshy1      
67 to sew word info tshyn1      
137 to blow word info tshœi1 Chinese   L
182 I tsia1      
46 to see tsiŋ3 Chinese ?   L?
39 to cook word info tsuŋ2      
162 old word info tsɔ3      
14 belly tu1 Chinese   L
89 to hold word info tuk7      
105 tail tyŋ1      
154 short word info tɛ4      
66 to tie up, fasten tɛu4      
59 mother uŋ3 tsɔ3      
131 cloud word info wan4      
33 to laugh wɔ2      
155 long word info wɔi2      
16 intestines wɔi4      
150 yellow wɔŋ4 Chinese   L
168 day wɛn2 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
90 to dig wɛt9      
201 Five word info ŋ3 Chinese   L
208 Fifty word info ŋ3 sap8 Chinese   L
31 tooth ŋa4 Chinese   L
166 correct, true ŋa:m5      
103 meat/flesh ŋa:u4 of animals    
89 to hold word info ȵam1      
53 person/human being ȵan4      
198 Two word info ȵi6 Chinese   L
207 Twenty word info ȵi6 sap8 Chinese   L
152 small ȵik7      
173 at ȵy4 also means "to reside"    
193 if ȵy4 kɔ1 Chinese   L
52 to stand ȵyn1      
91 to buy ɔ1      
145 smoke word info ɛn3 Chinese   L
75 to die, be dead θa1   1  
140 dry word info θa:i5      
199 Three word info θa:m1 Chinese   L
139 cold word info θa:ŋ5      
73 to steal θak8   34  
200 Four word info θi5 Chinese   L
130 star θiaŋ3      
45 eye θo1      
45 eye θo1 θiaŋ3      
30 mouth θœi1 Chinese   L
2 left θɔ5 Chinese 54 L
65 rope θɔk10 rope (thick)    
81 sharp θɛm3   1?  

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