https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Biao (Shidong)

Source/Author:  Liang Min 
Notes:  ISO 639-3: byk Source: 梁敏 / Liang Min. 标话硏究 / Biao hua yan jiu (A Study of Biao). Beijing: 中央民族大学出版社 / Zhong yang min zu da xue chu ban she, 2002.

Biao, the easternmost of the Tai-Kadai languages, is spoken by the Biao people (标人) of Huaiji County (怀集县), Guangdong, China. The Shidong (诗洞) dialect is used. Liang considers Lakkia and Biao to be Kam-Sui languages (Liang 2002:159-160).

Tones (Shidong 诗洞 dialect):
1 = /55/
2 = /214/
3 = /54/
4 = /132/
5 = /35/
6 = /22/
7 = /55/
8 = /35/
9 = /12/
10 = /22/
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 225
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 43
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Kam-Sui 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 48 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand hy2 Chinese ?   L?
2 left θɔ5 Chinese 54 L
3 right jau6 Chinese   L
4 leg/foot puk7   41  
5 to walk ha:ŋ2      
5 to walk poi1 to go    
6 road/path ti6 tsɔŋ1      
7 to come naŋ1      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim ta1 øm5      
10 dirty ta1 θɔ3      
11 dust phuŋ3      
12 skin pi4      
13 back word info thaŋ6 θiak9      
14 belly tu1 Chinese   L
15 bone jak8      
16 intestines wɔi4      
17 liver kɔŋ3 Chinese   L
18 breast niŋ3      
19 shoulder ha6 tshu5      
20 to know, be knowledgeable hɛu1      
21 to think nam3   1  
22 to fear sip7      
23 blood jan2      
23 blood lyt10 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
24 head ha6 lo5 PAN *qulu 1  
25 neck lak8 ŋen1   1?  
26 hair word info ha6 lo5 θam1      
27 nose kaŋ2 ȵaŋ3   1?  
28 to breathe sɔk9 hi5 Chinese ?   L?
29 to sniff, smell ham5      
30 mouth θœi1 Chinese   L
31 tooth ŋa4 Chinese   L
32 tongue tshu1      
32 tongue phyə1 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
33 to laugh ly6 wɔ2      
33 to laugh wɔ2      
34 to cry ta1 phɔ1      
35 to vomit au1 Chinese   L
36 to spit phiɔ3      
37 to eat ki1      
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info tsuŋ2      
40 to drink      
41 to bite kat7      
42 to suck sɔk9      
43 ear lak8 ho2      
44 to hear thiaŋ5 Chinese   L
45 eye θo1 θiaŋ3      
45 eye θo1      
46 to see tsiŋ3 Chinese ?   L?
47 to yawn tsha:ŋ5 θuk7      
48 to sleep han5      
49 to lie down word info paŋ6 to recline (posture)    
50 to dream muŋ6 Chinese   L
51 to sit naŋ6      
52 to stand ȵyn1      
53 person/human being lan2      
53 person/human being jan2      
53 person/human being ȵan4      
54 man/male lak8 i3      
55 woman/female lak8 piɔ4      
56 child liak8 son, offspring 1  
57 husband (lam5) uŋ3      
58 wife (lam5) piɔ4      
59 mother uŋ3 tsɔ3      
59 mother a1 ma5 vocative    
60 father lam5 na6      
60 father a1 pa1 vocative    
61 house løk10      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name miaŋ4 θu6 Chinese   L
64 to say kɔŋ1      
65 rope θɔk10 rope (thick)    
65 rope ja6 rope (thin)    
66 to tie up, fasten tsa:t9      
66 to tie up, fasten tɛu4      
67 to sew word info tshyn1      
67 to sew word info tshia3      
68 needle tsham1      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info sia6 Chinese   L
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info kut7      
73 to steal θak8   34  
74 to kill thɔŋ1      
75 to die, be dead θa1   1  
76 to live, be alive kyn6      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info tiak9      
79 stick/wood muk8 tree    
80 to split word info fan3 Chinese   L
81 sharp θɛm3   1?  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
85 to choose thɛu3      
86 to grow word info put9 to grow (of wild grass)    
87 to swell word info huk8      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info tuk7      
89 to hold word info ȵam1      
90 to dig kwat8      
90 to dig wɛt9      
91 to buy ɔ1      
92 to open, uncover hoi1 older Chinese loanword   L
92 to open, uncover hoi3 later Chinese loanword   L
93 to pound, beat word info ta:p10      
94 to throw word info san5      
94 to throw word info fak7 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
95 to fall word info      
96 dog mu3      
97 bird phuk7      
97 bird lak8 phuk7      
98 egg ja:i6      
99 feather jaŋ2      
100 wing tshat7      
101 to fly pan5      
102 rat lak8 nu4      
103 meat/flesh ŋa:u4 of animals    
103 meat/flesh nɔn4 of people, fruits    
104 fat/grease man2      
105 tail tyŋ1      
106 snake tshy1      
107 worm (earthworm) søn1 earthworm    
108 louse word info jɔ2 head louse    
108 louse word info san1 body louse    
109 mosquito jɛ6      
110 spider tam1 so1      
111 fish ma:i6      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info san3      
114 leaf my1      
114 leaf mai5 used by older generation speakers, probably more conservative form    
115 root jøk10   31  
116 flower fa3      
117 fruit haŋ6 ȵa2 liak8      
118 grass jɔk10      
119 earth/soil phen1      
120 stone ta1 pɔŋ2      
121 sand sa3      
122 water word info na:m4   1  
123 to flow lai1      
124 sea hɔi1 Chinese   L
125 salt him4      
126 lake hu2 Chinese   L
127 woods/forest liam6      
128 sky man1      
129 moon phyn1      
130 star θiaŋ3      
131 cloud word info wan4      
132 fog mu6      
133 rain tshan1      
134 thunder phɔ3      
134 thunder phɔ3 kiu5 verb    
135 lightning phɔ3 tshik7 liaŋ6 verb    
136 wind lam2      
137 to blow word info tshœi1 Chinese   L
138 warm word info lɔt9 hot    
138 warm word info am5 warm    
139 cold word info θa:ŋ5      
140 dry word info θa:i5      
141 wet jai2      
142 heavy tshak7      
143 fire pai1   1  
144 to burn word info tsau4 Chinese   L
145 smoke word info ɛn3 Chinese   L
146 ash      
147 black muk7      
148 white piak10 Chinese   L
149 red lyŋ5      
150 yellow wɔŋ4 Chinese   L
151 green luk8 Chinese   L
151 green thiaŋ3 = Green/Blue, Chinese   L
152 small ȵik7      
153 big luŋ5      
154 short word info tɛ4      
155 long word info wɔi2      
156 thin word info pœk10 Chinese   L
157 thick word info tsho1      
158 narrow kɛp10      
159 wide hut9      
160 painful, sick kɛt9 painful 1  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info tsɔ3      
163 new jau5      
164 good lɛ1      
165 bad, evil juŋ4      
166 correct, true ha:p10      
166 correct, true ŋa:m5      
167 night ha:m5      
168 day jan2      
168 day wɛn2 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
169 year pɛ1      
169 year phui1 Yonggu Biao Dialect    
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info puk8      
172 to climb word info kwa4      
172 to climb word info ka4      
173 at ȵy4 also means "to reside"    
174 in, inside ly1 møŋ3 Chinese   L
175 above hyn1 tiaŋ1      
176 below tai1 møŋ3      
177 this na:i1 before a word 1  
177 this nai2 after a word 1  
178 that mui1 before a word    
178 that mɔ5 after a word    
179 near a5      
180 far lɔi1      
181 where? word info lia1 kam2      
182 I tsia1      
183 thou mu2   1  
184 he/she man2      
185 we word info jɔ2 (lan1) inclusive    
185 we word info løŋ2 (lan1) exclusive    
186 you sau1   1  
186 you mu2 lan1      
187 they man2 lan1      
188 what? word info m6 sia1      
189 who? word info an1 tsan2      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and kuŋ6      
192 and kuŋ6 ma:i4      
193 if ȵy4 kɔ1 Chinese   L
194 how? word info syŋ5      
195 no, not m6      
195 no, not pat7      
196 to count kai5      
197 One word info jat7 Chinese   L
198 Two word info ȵi6 Chinese   L
199 Three word info θa:m1 Chinese   L
200 Four word info θi5 Chinese   L
201 Five word info ŋ3 Chinese   L
202 Six word info suk7 Chinese   L
203 Seven word info that7 Chinese   L
204 Eight word info pa:t9 Chinese   L
205 Nine word info ku3 Chinese   L
206 Ten word info sap8 Chinese   L
207 Twenty word info ȵi6 sap8 Chinese   L
208 Fifty word info ŋ3 sap8 Chinese   L
209 One Hundred word info pa:k9 Chinese   L
210 One Thousand word info thɛn3 Chinese   L

Seen an error? Please let us know:

Save Data: