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Language: Proto-Puyuma

Source/Author:  Pang-hsin Ting 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:pyu  Glottocode: puyu1239 
Notes:  Ting, Pang-hsin [丁邦新]. 1978. Reconstruction of Proto-Puyuma Phonology [古北南語的擬測]. Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, 49:321-391. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 149
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Puyuma 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
13 back word info      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think      
22 to fear      
27 nose      
30 mouth      
32 tongue      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
40 to drink      
42 to suck      
44 to hear      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
51 to sit      
52 to stand      
56 child      
57 husband      
58 wife      
63 name      
67 to sew word info      
69 to hunt word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
95 to fall word info      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
110 spider      
117 fruit      
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
148 white      
149 red      
151 green      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
165 bad, evil      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
173 at      
176 below      
181 where? word info      
182 I      
183 thou      
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
189 who? word info      
192 and      
193 if      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
179 near *adaləp   78  
180 far *adawil   2  
7 to come *alamu   37  
48 to sleep *alupəʔ   76  
60 father *ama   1  
169 year *ami   23  
143 fire *apuy   1  
142 heavy *aɭuɖun   3  
66 to tie up, fasten *b-ən-aliʔəʈu      
66 to tie up, fasten *b-ən-ətəbət   70  
54 man/male *babayan   1?  
120 stone *barasaʔ   33  
136 wind *baɭi   2  
76 to live, be alive *baʔaw alive 51  
114 leaf *biraʔ   2  
138 warm word info *biʔas hot 79  
129 moon *buɭan   1  
98 egg *buʈinun   47  
121 sand *buʈək   58  
163 new *bəkaɭ (?) 39  
39 to cook word info *d-əm-əru   74  
23 blood *damuk   20  
126 lake *danaw   1  
4 leg/foot *dapal foot 55  
119 earth/soil *darəʔ   30  
6 road/path *daɭan   1  
68 needle *daʔum   1  
99 feather *gumul body hair 22  
87 to swell word info *hənarəʔ   1  
105 tail *ikur   1  
59 mother *ina   1  
177 this *ini   1  
175 above *isaʈ   42  
205 Nine word info *iwa   5  
178 that *iɖiw distal 47  
178 that *iɖu medial 13  
175 above *iʈas   42  
41 to bite *k-əm-araʈ   1  
90 to dig *k-əm-uruʈ   41  
168 day *kadaw sun 1  
167 night *karaub   21?  
5 to walk *kawaŋ   91  
79 stick/wood *kawi tree/wood 1  
76 to live, be alive *kaɖu to live    
83 to work word info *kikarun   62  
160 painful, sick *kualəŋ sick 76  
102 rat *kulabaw   1  
111 fish *kuraw if < *kalaw (MDR), should be ~kulaw 74  
108 louse word info *kuʈu   1  
131 cloud word info *kuʈəm   78  
194 how? word info *kəmuda   1  
157 thick word info *kətibi   13  
109 mosquito *kəŋkəŋ   96  
154 short word info *likti   11  
75 to die, be dead *m-in-aʈay   1  
77 to scratch word info *magatəɭ   61  
208 Fifty word info *maka-luaʈ      
207 Twenty word info *makabuʈaan (?) 17  
152 small *makitəŋ   85  
140 dry word info *marum   30  
64 to say *marŋay   99  
50 to dream *matiaʔ   44  
93 to pound, beat word info *matinapan   36  
112 rotten word info *matupaʔ   54  
150 yellow *maɭuɭuʔ   18  
45 eye *maʈa   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *maʈək to cut wood 3?  
55 woman/female *maʔinayan      
153 big *maʔiɖaŋ   2  
162 old word info *maʔiɖaŋ old (of age); = big 129  
137 to blow word info *miyup to blow (with mouth) 1  
101 to fly *mubiʔi   30  
172 to climb word info *muisaʈ   13  
172 to climb word info *muiʈas   13  
37 to eat *məkan   1  
46 to see *mənaʔu   76  
28 to breathe *məŋaɖ   61  
160 painful, sick *nana pain 75  
190 other *naɖuma other (person) 1  
25 neck *niʔən   94  
74 to kill *p-in-aʈay   2  
70 to shoot word info *p-ən-anaʔ   1  
100 wing *pakpak   33  
166 correct, true *pamau   61  
91 to buy *pamiɭiʔ      
200 Four word info *pat   1  
203 Seven word info *pitu   1  
144 to burn word info *purbu   77?  
206 Ten word info *puɭuʔ   5  
191 all *pənia   20  
4 leg/foot *pəriʔ calf of leg    
17 liver *rami   29  
115 root *rami   3  
61 house *rumaʔ   1  
197 One word info *sa   1  
174 in, inside *sabak inside 37  
210 One Thousand word info *sakuɖul   7  
141 wet *sapənəʔ   73  
209 One Hundred word info *saɭman   3  
113 branch word info *saʔaɖ   11  
62 thatch/roof *saʔub   51  
158 narrow *saʔuʈ narrow (as a path) 49  
84 to plant *smaɭəm < *s-um-aRem 2  
96 dog *suan   71  
18 breast *susu   1  
36 to spit *t-əm-ama   79  
3 right *tarawalan   1, 68  
2 left *tarawiri   1  
43 ear *taŋiɭa   1, 72  
24 head *taŋuruʔ   36  
43 ear *taɭiŋa   1  
14 belly *tial   1  
16 intestines *tinaʔi   1  
130 star *tiʔur   45  
15 bone *ukak   19  
106 snake *unan   54  
31 tooth *wali   2  
168 day *wari day 17  
204 Eight word info *waɭu   3  
198 Two word info *ɖua   1  
134 thunder *ɖəruŋ   3  
188 what? word info *əman   16  
38 to chew word info *əməɭʔəɭ   2  
202 Six word info *ənəm   1  
128 sky *ɭaŋiʈ   1  
1 hand *ɭima   1, 64  
201 Five word info *ɭima   1  
128 sky *ɭiŋaʈ   1  
12 skin *ɭubiʈ   61  
29 to sniff, smell *ʈ-əm-aul   60  
139 cold word info *ʈaliŋtiŋ cold (of things) 82  
53 person/human being *ʈau   1  
65 rope *ʈaɭi string (small) 1  
118 grass *ʈaɭun   53  
92 to open, uncover *ʈuali   50  
135 lightning *ʈuliʔ   58  
199 Three word info *ʈəɭu (?) 1  
94 to throw word info *ʔ-əm-aʈəl      
146 ash *ʔabu   1  
116 flower *ʔapuʈ   44  
26 hair word info *ʔarbu *qaRbu 16  
145 smoke word info *ʔasban   1  
97 bird *ʔayam   2  
164 good *ʔinaba   56  
19 shoulder *ʔiyab   53  
133 rain *ʔudal   1  
107 worm (earthworm) *ʔuləd   27  
147 black *ʔuɖəʔɖəm   1  
122 water word info *ʔənay   41  

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