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Language: Proto-Puyuma

Source/Author:  Pang-hsin Ting 
Notes:  Ting, Pang-hsin [丁邦新]. 1978. Reconstruction of Proto-Puyuma Phonology [古北南語的擬測]. Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, 49:321-391. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 149
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Puyuma 
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Showing 3 of 3 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *ɭima   1, 64  
2 left *tarawiri   1  
3 right *tarawalan   1, 68  
4 leg/foot *dapal foot 55  
4 leg/foot *pəriʔ calf of leg    
5 to walk *kawaŋ   91  
6 road/path *daɭan   1  
7 to come *alamu   37  
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin *ɭubiʈ   61  
13 back word info      
14 belly *tial   1  
15 bone *ukak   19  
16 intestines *tinaʔi   1  
17 liver *rami   29  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *ʔiyab   53  
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think      
22 to fear      
23 blood *damuk   20  
24 head *taŋuruʔ   36  
25 neck *niʔən   94  
26 hair word info *ʔarbu *qaRbu 16  
27 nose      
28 to breathe *məŋaɖ   61  
29 to sniff, smell *ʈ-əm-aul   60  
30 mouth      
31 tooth *wali   2  
32 tongue      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
36 to spit *t-əm-ama   79  
37 to eat *məkan   1  
38 to chew word info *əməɭʔəɭ   2  
39 to cook word info *d-əm-əru   74  
40 to drink      
41 to bite *k-əm-araʈ   1  
42 to suck      
43 ear *taɭiŋa   1  
43 ear *taŋiɭa   1, 72  
44 to hear      
45 eye *maʈa   1  
46 to see *mənaʔu   76  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep *alupəʔ   76  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream *matiaʔ   44  
51 to sit      
52 to stand      
53 person/human being *ʈau   1  
54 man/male *babayan   1?  
55 woman/female *maʔinayan      
56 child      
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother *ina   1  
60 father *ama   1  
61 house *rumaʔ   1  
62 thatch/roof *saʔub   51  
63 name      
64 to say *marŋay   99  
65 rope *ʈaɭi string (small) 1  
66 to tie up, fasten *b-ən-ətəbət   70  
66 to tie up, fasten *b-ən-aliʔəʈu      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle *daʔum   1  
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info *p-ən-anaʔ   1  
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal      
74 to kill *p-in-aʈay   2  
75 to die, be dead *m-in-aʈay   1  
76 to live, be alive *kaɖu to live    
76 to live, be alive *baʔaw alive 51  
77 to scratch word info *magatəɭ   61  
78 to cut, hack word info *maʈək to cut wood 3?  
79 stick/wood *kawi tree/wood 1  
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info *kikarun   62  
84 to plant *smaɭəm < *s-um-aRem 2  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info *hənarəʔ   1  
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig *k-əm-uruʈ   41  
91 to buy *pamiɭiʔ      
92 to open, uncover *ʈuali   50  
93 to pound, beat word info *matinapan   36  
94 to throw word info *ʔ-əm-aʈəl      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog *suan   71  
97 bird *ʔayam   2  
98 egg *buʈinun   47  
99 feather *gumul body hair 22  
100 wing *pakpak   33  
101 to fly *mubiʔi   30  
102 rat *kulabaw   1  
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail *ikur   1  
106 snake *unan   54  
107 worm (earthworm) *ʔuləd   27  
108 louse word info *kuʈu   1  
109 mosquito *kəŋkəŋ   96  
110 spider      
111 fish *kuraw if < *kalaw (MDR), should be ~kulaw 74  
112 rotten word info *matupaʔ   54  
113 branch word info *saʔaɖ   11  
114 leaf *biraʔ   2  
115 root *rami   3  
116 flower *ʔapuʈ   44  
117 fruit      
118 grass *ʈaɭun   53  
119 earth/soil *darəʔ   30  
120 stone *barasaʔ   33  
121 sand *buʈək   58  
122 water word info *ʔənay   41  
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt      
126 lake *danaw   1  
127 woods/forest      
128 sky *ɭaŋiʈ   1  
128 sky *ɭiŋaʈ   1  
129 moon *buɭan   1  
130 star *tiʔur   45  
131 cloud word info *kuʈəm   78  
132 fog      
133 rain *ʔudal   1  
134 thunder *ɖəruŋ   3  
135 lightning *ʈuliʔ   58  
136 wind *baɭi   2  
137 to blow word info *miyup to blow (with mouth) 1  
138 warm word info *biʔas hot 79  
139 cold word info *ʈaliŋtiŋ cold (of things) 82  
140 dry word info *marum   30  
141 wet *sapənəʔ   73  
142 heavy *aɭuɖun   3  
143 fire *apuy   1  
144 to burn word info *purbu   77?  
145 smoke word info *ʔasban   1  
146 ash *ʔabu   1  
147 black *ʔuɖəʔɖəm   1  
148 white      
149 red      
150 yellow *maɭuɭuʔ   18  
151 green      
152 small *makitəŋ   85  
153 big *maʔiɖaŋ   2  
154 short word info *likti   11  
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info *kətibi   13  
158 narrow *saʔuʈ narrow (as a path) 49  
159 wide      
160 painful, sick *nana pain 75  
160 painful, sick *kualəŋ sick 76  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info *maʔiɖaŋ old (of age); = big 129  
163 new *bəkaɭ (?) 39  
164 good *ʔinaba   56  
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true *pamau   61  
167 night *karaub   21?  
168 day *wari day 17  
168 day *kadaw sun 1  
169 year *ami   23  
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info *muiʈas   13  
172 to climb word info *muisaʈ   13  
173 at      
174 in, inside *sabak inside 37  
175 above *isaʈ   42  
175 above *iʈas   42  
176 below      
177 this *ini   1  
178 that *iɖu medial 13  
178 that *iɖiw distal 47  
179 near *adaləp   78  
180 far *adawil   2  
181 where? word info      
182 I      
183 thou      
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info *əman   16  
189 who? word info      
190 other *naɖuma other (person) 1  
191 all *pənia   20  
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info *kəmuda   1  
195 no, not      
196 to count      
197 One word info *sa   1  
198 Two word info *ɖua   1  
199 Three word info *ʈəɭu (?) 1  
200 Four word info *pat   1  
201 Five word info *ɭima   1  
202 Six word info *ənəm   1  
203 Seven word info *pitu   1  
204 Eight word info *waɭu   3  
205 Nine word info *iwa   5  
206 Ten word info *puɭuʔ   5  
207 Twenty word info *makabuʈaan (?) 17  
208 Fifty word info *maka-luaʈ      
209 One Hundred word info *saɭman   3  
210 One Thousand word info *sakuɖul   7  

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