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Language: Proto-Malayic

Source/Author:  K. Alexander Adelaar 
Notes:  Adelaar, K. Alexander. 1992. Proto-Malayic: The Reconstruction of its Phonology and Parts of its Lexicon and Morphology. Pacific Linguistics, Series C, no. 119. Canberra: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, the Australian National University. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By: Sander Adelaar 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Sumbawan:North and East:Malayic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 96 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *taŋan   18  
2 left *kA-iri   1, 42  
2 left *kibaʔ   27  
3 right *kanan   1, 73  
4 leg/foot *kaki   1  
5 to walk *((mb)Ar-)jalan   21  
6 road/path *jalan   1  
7 to come *datəŋ   14  
8 to turn word info *biluk   24  
9 to swim *(mb)A-rənaŋ   23  
10 dirty *kamah   35  
10 dirty *kumuh      
11 dust *dəbu   58  
12 skin *kulit   1  
13 back word info *bAlakaŋ   27  
14 belly *pərut   32  
15 bone *tulaŋ   1  
16 intestines *pərut   23  
17 liver *hati   1  
18 breast *susu(ʔ)   1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *tahu(ʔ)   1  
21 to think      
22 to fear *takut   1  
23 blood *darah   1  
24 head *hulu(ʔ)   1  
25 neck *lihər   1  
26 hair word info *buø(uə)k   1  
26 hair word info *rambut   20  
27 nose *hiduŋ   1  
28 to breathe *ñawa   1  
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth *mulut   27  
31 tooth *gigi   17  
32 tongue *dilah   4  
33 to laugh *tawaʔ   1  
34 to cry *taŋis   1  
35 to vomit *mu(n)tah   1  
36 to spit *ludah   1  
37 to eat *makan   1  
38 to chew word info *kuñah   16  
38 to chew word info *mamah   1  
39 to cook word info *masak   19  
39 to cook word info *tanak   1  
40 to drink *inum   1  
41 to bite *gigit   21  
42 to suck *hi(ŋ)səp   1  
43 ear *tAliŋa(ʔ)   1  
44 to hear *dəŋər   1  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *lihat   23  
47 to yawn *uap   19  
48 to sleep *tidur   1, 70  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream *mimpi   1, 37  
50 to dream *impi   1, 37  
51 to sit *duduk   35  
52 to stand *diri   1  
53 person/human being *uraŋ   20  
54 man/male *laki(-laki)   2  
55 woman/female      
56 child *anak   1  
57 husband *laki   28  
58 wife *bini   5  
59 mother *ina   1  
59 mother *induʔ   10  
59 mother *(ə)ma(ʔ)   35  
60 father *apa(ʔ) ult. < Dravidian 12 L
61 house *rumah   1  
62 thatch/roof *hatəp   1  
63 name      
64 to say *tutur   2  
65 rope *tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *ikət   1  
67 to sew word info *jahit   2  
68 needle *jarum   1  
69 to hunt word info *buru   23  
70 to shoot word info *panah   1  
70 to shoot word info *timbak   49  
71 to stab, pierce *tikəm   31  
71 to stab, pierce *tusuk   1  
72 to hit word info *paluʔ   1  
72 to hit word info *pukul   27  
73 to steal *maliŋ   16  
74 to kill *bunuh   1  
75 to die, be dead *mati   1  
76 to live, be alive *hidup   1, 82  
77 to scratch word info *garut   44  
77 to scratch word info *garuk   20  
77 to scratch word info *garuʔ   55  
78 to cut, hack word info *tətək   3  
78 to cut, hack word info *tarAs   1  
79 stick/wood *kayuʔ   1  
80 to split word info *bəlah   1  
81 sharp *tajəm   1  
82 dull, blunt *tumpul   3  
83 to work word info *(mb)Ar-huma(ʔ)   1  
84 to plant *tanəm   2  
85 to choose *pilih   1  
86 to grow word info *tumbuh   1  
87 to swell word info *bəŋkak   19  
88 to squeeze word info *pərəs   42  
88 to squeeze word info *pərah   1  
89 to hold word info *pəgaŋ   32  
90 to dig *kali   1  
91 to buy *bəli   1  
92 to open, uncover *bukaʔ   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *tumbuk   9  
93 to pound, beat word info *tutuk   2  
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info *jatuh   38  
95 to fall word info *labuh   1  
96 dog *asuʔ   1  
97 bird *buruŋ   17  
98 egg *təlur   1  
99 feather *bulu   1  
100 wing *sayap   26  
101 to fly *tAr(ə)baŋ   18  
102 rat *tikus   22  
103 meat/flesh *isiʔ   10  
103 meat/flesh *dagiŋ   26  
104 fat/grease *ləmək   24  
105 tail *ikur   1  
106 snake *ulər   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *hulət   36  
107 worm (earthworm) *caciŋ   23  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
109 mosquito *ñamuk   1  
110 spider *lawaʔ   1  
110 spider *laba(ʔ)   1  
111 fish *ikan   1  
112 rotten word info *busuk   56  
113 branch word info *dahan   1  
114 leaf *daun   1  
115 root *akar   2  
116 flower *buŋa(ʔ)   1  
117 fruit *buah   1  
118 grass *rumput   27  
119 earth/soil *tanah   1  
120 stone *batu   1  
121 sand *pasir   18  
122 water word info *air   2  
123 to flow *alir   1  
124 sea *tasik   1  
125 salt *sira   1  
126 lake *danaw   1  
127 woods/forest *hutan   7  
127 woods/forest *rimbaʔ   37  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
129 moon *bulan   1  
130 star *bintaŋ   1  
131 cloud word info *a(bw)an   1  
132 fog *kabut   1  
133 rain *hujan   1  
134 thunder *guntur   30  
134 thunder *guruh   1  
135 lightning *kilat   1  
136 wind *aŋin   1  
137 to blow word info *tiup   1, 19  
138 warm word info *panas   1  
139 cold word info *diŋin   1  
140 dry word info *kəriŋ   22  
141 wet *basah   1  
142 heavy *bərat   1  
143 fire *api   1  
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
144 to burn word info *bakar   25  
145 smoke word info *asəp   49  
146 ash *habu   1  
147 black *hitəm   1  
148 white *putih   1  
149 red *(ma-)irah   1  
150 yellow *kunit   1  
151 green *hijaw   25  
152 small *kəcil   28  
152 small *kətik   28  
153 big *bəsar   28  
153 big *raya   1  
154 short word info *pandak   1  
154 short word info *pindik   68  
155 long word info *pañjaŋ   24  
156 thin word info *nipis   1, 44  
156 thin word info *mipis   1, 65  
157 thick word info *təbəl   26  
158 narrow *səmpit   68  
159 wide *libar   48  
160 painful, sick *sakit   1  
161 shy, ashamed *malu   20  
162 old word info *tuha(ʔ)   1  
163 new *bAharu   1  
164 good *baik   33  
165 bad, evil *jahət   1  
166 correct, true *bənər   1  
167 night *ma-lə(hø)əm   20  
168 day *hari   17  
169 year *tahun   1  
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info *buni   1  
172 to climb word info *naik   1  
173 at *di   20  
174 in, inside *(d-)aləm   1  
175 above *atas   1  
176 below *bah   1  
176 below *babah   1  
177 this *(i)ni(ʔ)   1  
178 that *(i)tu(ʔ)   16  
178 that *(i)na(n)   1  
178 that *(a)na(ʔ)   1  
179 near *dəkət   28  
179 near *(h)ampiŋ   25  
180 far *jauh   1  
181 where? word info *-mana(ʔ)   20  
182 I *aku   1  
183 thou *kau(ʔ)   1  
184 he/she *ia   1  
185 we word info *kitaʔ   1  
185 we word info *kami   2  
186 you *kamu(ʔ)   1  
187 they *sidaʔ   1  
188 what? word info *apa   1  
189 who? word info *si-apa   12  
189 who? word info *sai   1  
190 other *bukən   10  
191 all *habis   31, 74  
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not *-daʔ   109  
196 to count *hituŋ   31  
197 One word info *əsaʔ   1  
198 Two word info *dua(ʔ)   1  
199 Three word info *təlu   1  
200 Four word info *əmpat   1  
201 Five word info *limaʔ   1  
202 Six word info *ənəm   1  
203 Seven word info *tujuh   4  
204 Eight word info *dua(ʔ) alap-an   4  
205 Nine word info *əsaʔ ambil-an   10  
205 Nine word info *(ə)saʔ alap-an   41  
206 Ten word info *sA-puluh   5  
207 Twenty word info *dua(ʔ) puluh   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info *sA-ratus   4  
210 One Thousand word info *sA-ribu   5  

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