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Language: Proto-Chamic

Source/Author:  Graham Thurgood 
Notes:  Thurgood, Graham. 1999. From Ancient Cham to Modern Dialects. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Proto-words annotated as "uncertain origin" could be of either Mon-Khmer or Austronesian origin. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Sumbawan:North and East:Chamic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above *ʔata:s also means "long, far"    
191 all *ʔabih   31, 74  
192 and *dəŋan   64  
146 ash *habɔw      
173 at *dĭ      
173 at *do:k cf. *dɔ:k "to sit"    
13 back word info      
165 bad, evil *jəha:t   1  
14 belly *tiya:n      
14 belly *tuŋ      
176 below *ʔala uncertain origin    
153 big *rayaʔ   1  
97 bird *manuʔ 1st word: chicken, fowl    
147 black *hitam   1  
23 blood *darah   1  
15 bone *tula:ŋ      
113 branch word info *dha:n   1  
18 breast *susɔw > *tasɔw    
56 child *ʔana:k      
131 cloud word info *gunam uncertain origin    
139 cold word info      
166 correct, true *ʔjəp Mon-Khmer origin    
168 day *hurɛy      
10 dirty      
96 dog *ʔasɔw   1  
140 dry word info *raŋ      
140 dry word info *thu uncertain origin    
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear *təliŋa   1  
119 earth/soil *tanah      
119 earth/soil *lən      
98 egg      
204 Eight word info *dua-lapan      
45 eye *mata   1  
180 far *ɗɔh      
104 fat/grease *miña:k oil    
104 fat/grease *ləmaʔ      
60 father *ʔama   1  
99 feather *bulɔw      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire *ʔapuy      
111 fish *ʔika:n      
201 Five word info *lima   1  
116 flower *buŋa   1  
132 fog      
200 Four word info *pa:t      
117 fruit *bɔh      
164 good *bia uncertain origin    
118 grass *rala:ŋ      
118 grass *kala:ŋ      
151 green *hijaw      
26 hair word info *ɓuk      
1 hand *taŋa:n   18  
184 he/she *ñu   2  
24 head      
142 heavy      
61 house *sa:ŋ uncertain origin    
194 how? word info      
57 husband      
182 I *kəu I (familiar)    
182 I *hulun I (polite), slave 27  
182 I *dahlaʔ I (polite)    
193 if      
174 in, inside *dalam      
16 intestines      
126 lake *danaw   1  
114 leaf      
2 left      
4 leg/foot *kakay   1  
4 leg/foot *bətih calf of leg 23  
135 lightning *kata:l uncertain origin    
17 liver *hatay      
155 long word info      
108 louse word info *kutɔw      
54 man/male *lakɛy   2  
103 meat/flesh *ʔasɛy   31  
103 meat/flesh *ʔusar uncertain origin    
129 moon *bula:n      
109 mosquito *ñamuk   1  
59 mother *ʔina   1  
30 mouth *babah      
30 mouth *mabah      
63 name      
158 narrow      
179 near      
25 neck      
68 needle *jarum      
163 new *bahrɔw      
167 night *malam      
205 Nine word info *samilan   10  
205 Nine word info *sa-lapan   41  
195 no, not      
27 nose *ʔiduŋ      
162 old word info *tuha      
197 One word info *sa   1  
209 One Hundred word info *ratus      
210 One Thousand word info *ribɔw      
190 other *bukən   10  
160 painful, sick *sakit   1  
53 person/human being *ʔura:ŋ      
53 person/human being *ra      
133 rain *huja:n      
102 rat *tikus      
149 red *mahirah      
3 right      
6 road/path *jala:n   1  
115 root *ʔugha:r      
65 rope *talɛy      
112 rotten word info *bruʔ      
125 salt *sira      
121 sand      
124 sea *tasiʔ      
203 Seven word info *tujuh   4  
81 sharp      
154 short word info      
19 shoulder *bara   1  
161 shy, ashamed *malɔw      
202 Six word info *nam      
12 skin *kulit   1  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
152 small      
145 smoke word info *ʔasap   49  
106 snake *ʔular      
110 spider      
130 star *bituʔ uncertain origin    
79 stick/wood *kayɔw      
120 stone *batɔw      
105 tail *ʔiku      
206 Ten word info *pluh      
178 that *ʔanan third person    
62 thatch/roof *babuŋ uncertain origin (PKatuic: *-phuung, PMP *bubuŋ    
187 they *ñu      
157 thick word info *kapa:l   1  
156 thin word info *lipih      
177 this *ʔinĭ      
177 this *inɛy      
183 thou *hã      
199 Three word info *klɔw      
134 thunder      
41 to bite      
137 to blow word info *ʔayup   1  
137 to blow word info *blus uncertain origin    
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info      
91 to buy *blɛy      
38 to chew word info *mamah      
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come *maray      
39 to cook word info *tanaʔ   1  
196 to count *ya:p      
34 to cry      
78 to cut, hack word info *taʔ      
75 to die, be dead *matay   1  
90 to dig *kalɛy      
50 to dream *lumpɛy      
40 to drink *minum      
40 to drink *minam      
37 to eat      
95 to fall word info *labuh      
22 to fear      
123 to flow      
101 to fly      
86 to grow word info *tamuh   1  
44 to hear      
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info      
89 to hold word info *ʔapan uncertain origin    
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *thɔw   1  
33 to laugh *klaw uncertain origin    
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive *hudip      
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant *pula uncertain origin 25  
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say *ʔaŋan      
64 to say *ʔanan      
77 to scratch word info *kacaw uncertain origin    
46 to see      
67 to sew word info *jahit      
70 to shoot word info *panah   1  
51 to sit *dɔ:k also means "to live, stay" 35  
48 to sleep      
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit      
80 to split word info *blah      
88 to squeeze word info *kapit      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand      
73 to steal      
42 to suck *mam uncertain origin    
87 to swell word info *barah   1  
9 to swim      
21 to think *saniŋ uncertain origin    
94 to throw word info      
66 to tie up, fasten *ʔikat   1  
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit *patah      
5 to walk *naw   2  
5 to walk *laba:t   1  
83 to work word info *bruă      
83 to work word info *buat      
47 to yawn      
32 tongue *dilah   4  
31 tooth *gigɛy      
207 Twenty word info *dua plʊh      
198 Two word info *dua   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info *ʔiar      
185 we word info *ita   1  
185 we word info *kamĭ   2  
185 we word info *kamɛy   2  
185 we word info *drɛy also means "body, self (reflexive)"    
141 wet *basah   1  
188 what? word info      
170 when? word info      
181 where? word info      
148 white *putih   1  
189 who? word info *sɛy      
159 wide      
58 wife      
136 wind *ʔaŋin   1  
100 wing *saya:p      
55 woman/female *kumɛy uncertain origin    
127 woods/forest *huta:n   7  
127 woods/forest *glay uncertain origin    
107 worm (earthworm) *hulat      
107 worm (earthworm) *lanaŋ uncertain origin, "earthworm"    
169 year *thu      
150 yellow *kuñit   1  
186 you      

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