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Language: Proto-Chamic

Source/Author:  Graham Thurgood 
Notes:  Thurgood, Graham. 1999. From Ancient Cham to Modern Dialects. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Proto-words annotated as "uncertain origin" could be of either Mon-Khmer or Austronesian origin. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Sumbawan:North and East:Chamic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
2 left      
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
13 back word info      
16 intestines      
22 to fear      
24 head      
25 neck      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
34 to cry      
36 to spit      
37 to eat      
41 to bite      
44 to hear      
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep      
49 to lie down word info      
52 to stand      
57 husband      
58 wife      
63 name      
69 to hunt word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal      
74 to kill      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
85 to choose      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
98 egg      
101 to fly      
110 spider      
114 leaf      
121 sand      
123 to flow      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info      
142 heavy      
144 to burn word info      
152 small      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
179 near      
181 where? word info      
186 you      
188 what? word info      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
208 Fifty word info      
30 mouth *babah      
62 thatch/roof *babuŋ uncertain origin (PKatuic: *-phuung, PMP *bubuŋ    
163 new *bahrɔw      
19 shoulder *bara   1  
87 to swell word info *barah   1  
141 wet *basah   1  
120 stone *batɔw      
164 good *bia uncertain origin    
130 star *bituʔ uncertain origin    
80 to split word info *blah      
137 to blow word info *blus uncertain origin    
91 to buy *blɛy      
83 to work word info *bruă      
112 rotten word info *bruʔ      
83 to work word info *buat      
190 other *bukən   10  
129 moon *bula:n      
99 feather *bulɔw      
116 flower *buŋa   1  
117 fruit *bɔh      
4 leg/foot *bətih calf of leg 23  
182 I *dahlaʔ I (polite)    
174 in, inside *dalam      
126 lake *danaw   1  
23 blood *darah   1  
113 branch word info *dha:n   1  
32 tongue *dilah   4  
173 at *do:k cf. *dɔ:k "to sit"    
185 we word info *drɛy also means "body, self (reflexive)"    
198 Two word info *dua   1  
207 Twenty word info *dua plʊh      
204 Eight word info *dua-lapan      
173 at *dĭ      
51 to sit *dɔ:k also means "to live, stay" 35  
192 and *dəŋan   64  
31 tooth *gigɛy      
127 woods/forest *glay uncertain origin    
131 cloud word info *gunam uncertain origin    
146 ash *habɔw      
17 liver *hatay      
151 green *hijaw      
147 black *hitam   1  
76 to live, be alive *hudip      
133 rain *huja:n      
107 worm (earthworm) *hulat      
182 I *hulun I (polite), slave 27  
168 day *hurɛy      
127 woods/forest *huta:n   7  
183 thou *hã      
177 this *inɛy      
185 we word info *ita   1  
67 to sew word info *jahit      
6 road/path *jala:n   1  
68 needle *jarum      
165 bad, evil *jəha:t   1  
77 to scratch word info *kacaw uncertain origin    
4 leg/foot *kakay   1  
118 grass *kala:ŋ      
90 to dig *kalɛy      
185 we word info *kamĭ   2  
185 we word info *kamɛy   2  
157 thick word info *kapa:l   1  
88 to squeeze word info *kapit      
135 lightning *kata:l uncertain origin    
79 stick/wood *kayɔw      
33 to laugh *klaw uncertain origin    
199 Three word info *klɔw      
12 skin *kulit   1  
55 woman/female *kumɛy uncertain origin    
108 louse word info *kutɔw      
150 yellow *kuñit   1  
182 I *kəu I (familiar)    
5 to walk *laba:t   1  
95 to fall word info *labuh      
54 man/male *lakɛy   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *lanaŋ uncertain origin, "earthworm"    
128 sky *laŋit   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
156 thin word info *lipih      
50 to dream *lumpɛy      
104 fat/grease *ləmaʔ      
119 earth/soil *lən      
30 mouth *mabah      
149 red *mahirah      
167 night *malam      
161 shy, ashamed *malɔw      
42 to suck *mam uncertain origin    
38 to chew word info *mamah      
97 bird *manuʔ 1st word: chicken, fowl    
7 to come *maray      
45 eye *mata   1  
75 to die, be dead *matay   1  
40 to drink *minam      
40 to drink *minum      
104 fat/grease *miña:k oil    
202 Six word info *nam      
5 to walk *naw   2  
200 Four word info *pa:t      
70 to shoot word info *panah   1  
35 to vomit *patah      
206 Ten word info *pluh      
84 to plant *pula uncertain origin 25  
148 white *putih   1  
53 person/human being *ra      
118 grass *rala:ŋ      
209 One Hundred word info *ratus      
153 big *rayaʔ   1  
140 dry word info *raŋ      
210 One Thousand word info *ribɔw      
197 One word info *sa   1  
205 Nine word info *sa-lapan   41  
61 house *sa:ŋ uncertain origin    
160 painful, sick *sakit   1  
205 Nine word info *samilan   10  
21 to think *saniŋ uncertain origin    
100 wing *saya:p      
125 salt *sira      
18 breast *susɔw > *tasɔw    
189 who? word info *sɛy      
65 rope *talɛy      
86 to grow word info *tamuh   1  
119 earth/soil *tanah      
39 to cook word info *tanaʔ   1  
124 sea *tasiʔ      
1 hand *taŋa:n   18  
78 to cut, hack word info *taʔ      
140 dry word info *thu uncertain origin    
169 year *thu      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *thɔw   1  
102 rat *tikus      
14 belly *tiya:n      
162 old word info *tuha      
203 Seven word info *tujuh   4  
15 bone *tula:ŋ      
14 belly *tuŋ      
43 ear *təliŋa   1  
196 to count *ya:p      
109 mosquito *ñamuk   1  
184 he/she *ñu   2  
187 they *ñu      
26 hair word info *ɓuk      
180 far *ɗɔh      
191 all *ʔabih   31, 74  
176 below *ʔala uncertain origin    
60 father *ʔama   1  
56 child *ʔana:k      
64 to say *ʔanan      
178 that *ʔanan third person    
89 to hold word info *ʔapan uncertain origin    
143 fire *ʔapuy      
145 smoke word info *ʔasap   49  
96 dog *ʔasɔw   1  
103 meat/flesh *ʔasɛy   31  
175 above *ʔata:s also means "long, far"    
137 to blow word info *ʔayup   1  
64 to say *ʔaŋan      
136 wind *ʔaŋin   1  
122 water word info *ʔiar      
27 nose *ʔiduŋ      
111 fish *ʔika:n      
66 to tie up, fasten *ʔikat   1  
105 tail *ʔiku      
59 mother *ʔina   1  
177 this *ʔinĭ      
166 correct, true *ʔjəp Mon-Khmer origin    
115 root *ʔugha:r      
106 snake *ʔular      
53 person/human being *ʔura:ŋ      
103 meat/flesh *ʔusar uncertain origin    

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