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Language: Gelao (Hongfeng)

Source/Author:  Zhou Guoyan 
Notes:  周国炎 / Zhou Guoyan. 仡佬族母語生态硏究 / Gelao zu mu yu sheng tai yan jiu [Studies on the linguistic ecology of the Gelao people]. Beijing: 民族出版社 / Min zu chu ban she, 2004.

Data is from Hongfeng village (红丰村), Dafang County (大方县), Guizhou, China. Considered an A'ou / Red Gelao dialect by Zhou. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 202
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 9
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kra:Western Kra 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 13 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
13 back word info      
28 to breathe      
47 to yawn      
62 thatch/roof      
70 to shoot word info      
83 to work word info      
93 to pound, beat word info      
110 spider      
113 branch word info      
117 fruit      
124 sea      
126 lake      
135 lightning      
161 shy, ashamed      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
190 other      
194 how? word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
1 hand po42 po42      
7 to come luŋ31      
9 to swim mu42 ŋ35      
10 dirty n̥o13      
11 dust hui35 tshən31 Chinese   L
12 skin ʔa42 phi31 fu35 Chinese pi2 fu1   L
15 bone ʔa42 la13      
17 liver pa42 ɬjau35      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔla35      
21 to think ntjuai31      
23 blood mpai13      
24 head pa42 ha13      
30 mouth pa42 mpai13      
35 to vomit ɬjau35 ɣuaŋ31 ɕi13      
39 to cook word info le31 mo42      
40 to drink ɣuŋ42      
41 to bite ɕa13      
42 to suck suai13      
43 ear pa42 ʑəu13      
46 to see ɣən31 Chinese   L
51 to sit ɕuai13      
53 person/human being ʔa42 ɣəu42      
55 woman/female ma42 wa42      
57 husband pu55 ho35      
59 mother ʔa42 ne42      
61 house pa42 he42      
64 to say ʑuai13      
65 rope ʔa42 la31      
68 needle laŋ31 lin13      
71 to stab, pierce tɕhe35      
72 to hit word info kho35      
73 to steal ljuŋ42      
75 to die, be dead ŋkuŋ31      
76 to live, be alive mpai42      
77 to scratch word info ŋa13      
80 to split word info ɕe13      
81 sharp hau42      
82 dull, blunt mpe42      
86 to grow word info ʑu13      
87 to swell word info khuŋ35      
88 to squeeze word info lən42      
92 to open, uncover ha42      
94 to throw word info ɣua42      
96 dog ʔa42 ŋ42      
97 bird ma42 lo13      
99 feather ʔa42 ʑun13      
100 wing pa42 həu35      
101 to fly ɕy13      
104 fat/grease lei31 oil    
107 worm (earthworm) ma42 qa42 also means insect (generic)    
108 louse word info ma42 tji31      
112 rotten word info ɣuŋ13      
120 stone ʔa42 ʔlui35 ɣo31      
123 to flow suai42      
128 sky ʔlau13 ɣui31      
129 moon ma42 le31 ʔau13 moon    
129 moon ma42 lai315 month    
130 star lei35 lau31      
132 fog hau13 lja13      
134 thunder ɣuei31 laŋ31      
136 wind ɣuaŋ31      
137 to blow word info ho13      
138 warm word info ɬjuŋ55      
142 heavy hi42      
143 fire hye42 Chinese or TB loanword   L
144 to burn word info pei35      
145 smoke word info haŋ42 hye42 hye42 = fire    
149 red le13      
150 yellow ɣua31      
151 green sai42      
152 small ntja42      
152 small dja42      
154 short word info ȵ̥aŋ35      
156 thin word info ʔau42      
156 thin word info ɣau42      
158 narrow tsi31 Chinese   L
159 wide khuan42 Chinese   L
160 painful, sick tjo35 ɣe42      
163 new wa31      
164 good ʔʑe42      
165 bad, evil ma42 ʔʑe42 ʔʑe42 = good    
167 night vei31 ŋtjuŋ31      
168 day ma42 ɣua42 sun    
169 year ŋkuai315      
172 to climb word info ʔʑi42      
173 at ko13      
175 above lau315 ha13      
177 this naŋ42      
181 where? word info ka31 he42      
182 I ʔa42 ʑi35      
185 we word info ʔa42 hie42      
187 they ʔæ42      
188 what? word info si55 he42      
189 who? word info ʔʑa42 lo42      
191 all wan31 tɕyan31 Chinese   L
192 and tshan42      
193 if zu31 ko42 Chinese   L
202 Six word info mjaŋ31      
209 One Hundred word info hai42      
32 tongue ma42 mi31   1  
201 Five word info mau31   1  
203 Seven word info te42   1  
205 Nine word info sau13   1  
200 Four word info pau42   11  
183 thou ʔa42 m31   15  
183 thou ʔa42 mu31   15  
79 stick/wood ma42 ɕi42 stick, also means tree 17  
197 One word info si55   1?  
198 Two word info səu42 ? LS 1?  
199 Three word info tji42 needs more investigation 1?  
204 Eight word info ɣe31 cf walu (LS) 1?  
45 eye pa42 ɕəu42   20  
84 to plant tjaŋ35   20  
63 name lei35 nei31   21  
69 to hunt word info tɕy13 tjuŋ31   21  
118 grass ʔlo55   22  
67 to sew word info pji13   23  
125 salt ȵtɕau31   23  
60 father ʔa42 pa42   26  
184 he/she ʔæ42   26  
85 to choose lja13   27  
178 that vu42   27  
6 road/path hən42   27?  
206 Ten word info ɕye13   28  
37 to eat khi42   29  
186 you ʔa42 tje42   3  
56 child lei35   30  
56 child to35 ɬje35   30  
174 in, inside pa42 ʔluŋ35   31  
210 One Thousand word info ŋən31   32  
31 tooth ma42 huaŋ42   33  
115 root ʔa42 tsha42 ɕi42 ɕi42 = tree 33  
44 to hear ȵ̥i42   35  
91 to buy tshən35   36  
114 leaf lai31 ɕi42 ɕi42 = tree 37  
90 to dig he35   38  
18 breast pa42 tsi35   39  
27 nose pa42 ʔa42 ŋua13   39  
133 rain min31   39  
122 water word info ŋ35   40  
168 day haŋ42 day 41  
4 leg/foot pa53 khe13 foot 42  
58 wife ma42 wa42   42  
98 egg ɕaŋ42 qhe42   42  
4 leg/foot pa42 həu42 ɬjuŋ42 leg 42?  
22 to fear ljəu31   43  
38 to chew word info ȵa42   43  
146 ash te13   43?  
52 to stand zau13   44  
19 shoulder ʔa42 kuŋ42   45  
3 right pa42 ŋəu13   46, 48  
116 flower ŋəu42   46?  
116 flower ŋkəu42   46?  
67 to sew word info tji13   47?  
16 intestines ʔa42 se35   48  
16 intestines pa42 se35   48  
26 hair word info ʔa42 saŋ42   48  
29 to sniff, smell me13 tsi13   48  
157 thick word info ləu31   48  
2 left pa42 m̥a42   50  
106 snake ma42 ŋəu31   50  
176 below pa42 ləu13   51  
34 to cry ȵe13   52  
74 to kill ʑin31   53  
25 neck ʔa42 ʑau31   54  
54 man/male pu55 ho35   54  
105 tail ʔa42 tɕhe13   54  
119 earth/soil pa42 ljuŋ42   54  
180 far lje31   54  
196 to count suan13 Chinese 56 L
8 to turn word info ʔue42   57  
102 rat ma42 ɬja35   57  
141 wet ʔȵa13   57  
141 wet ȵ̥a35   57  
147 black ljaŋ31   57  
166 correct, true ʔʑe42 = good 57  
49 to lie down word info ŋe13   58  
153 big ɬjuŋ42   58  
103 meat/flesh ʔo35   59  
109 mosquito ʔa42 ʑe13 wen31   59  
14 belly pa42 ɬjuŋ42   59?  
121 sand sa33 sa33   62  
148 white ʔau13   63  
96 dog ʔa42 ʔuŋ42   64  
111 fish ma42 ljəu31   65  
155 long word info ɣe42   65  
195 no, not ʔæ42   65  
48 to sleep ŋe13 hau13   67  
66 to tie up, fasten khe13   68  
36 to spit tje13   69  
89 to hold word info tshi35   69  
179 near ʔaŋ42 ljəu42   70  
33 to laugh sau42   73  
139 cold word info se13   73  
131 cloud word info fu35   73?  
127 woods/forest ʔa42 tjuŋ31 ɕi42   75  
95 to fall word info tjo13   76?  
50 to dream ȵe13 huaŋ42   8  
140 dry word info həu13   82  
5 to walk hye42   88  
78 to cut, hack word info tji35   94  
162 old word info ɣəu42 ʔʑəu35   96  

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