https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Rukai

Source/Author:  Paul Jen-kuei Li 
Notes:  Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 1977. "The Internal Relationships of Rukai." In Li, Paul Jen-kuei. 2004. Selected Papers on Formosan Languages. Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica.
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 153
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Rukai 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

Showing 3 of 5 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
11 dust      
12 skin      
15 bone      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
23 blood      
33 to laugh      
46 to see      
49 to lie down word info      
51 to sit      
53 person/human being      
63 name      
64 to say      
65 rope      
69 to hunt word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
74 to kill      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
86 to grow word info      
90 to dig      
92 to open, uncover      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog      
98 egg      
105 tail      
109 mosquito      
115 root      
116 flower      
118 grass      
124 sea      
127 woods/forest      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
136 wind      
138 warm word info      
140 dry word info      
141 wet      
142 heavy      
149 red      
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
170 when? word info      
173 at      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
181 where? word info      
183 thou      
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
208 Fifty word info      
44 to hear *-laɭa   52  
55 woman/female *abay   1  
146 ash *abo   1  
122 water word info *acilay   46  
19 shoulder *alivaɖaŋə   49  
60 father *ama   1  
24 head *aoɭo   1  
143 fire *apoy   1  
97 bird *aðamə   2  
1 hand *aɭima   1  
17 liver *aθay L from Rukai? -EG 1 L
171 to hide word info *balay to hide something    
14 belly *baraŋə   67  
126 lake *baðo   30  
205 Nine word info *baŋatə   8  
87 to swell word info *baɭakə   46  
163 new *baʔoanə   1  
14 belly *bicoka stomach 68  
103 meat/flesh *boatə   37  
80 to split word info *bocoko   67  
16 intestines *boro   53  
62 thatch/roof *cavaɭi   2  
169 year *cavili   22  
62 thatch/roof *caɭavi   2  
43 ear *caɭiŋa   1  
5 to walk *davacə   23  
6 road/path *daɭanə   1  
61 house *daʔanə   41  
119 earth/soil *daʔə   30  
94 to throw word info *dokoɭo   61  
77 to scratch word info *gacəgacə   62  
78 to cut, hack word info *gəɭəgəɭə      
209 One Hundred word info *iday   1  
59 mother *ina   1  
195 no, not *ini no 3  
68 needle *inəmay   22  
26 hair word info *isiw   50  
182 I *ka-li      
37 to eat *kanə   1  
177 this *kay   30  
195 no, not *kay not 86  
41 to bite *kaʔacə   1  
111 fish *kaʔaŋə   3  
171 to hide word info *ki-a-ləpəŋə to hide someone    
21 to think *ki-ɖəmə-ɖəmə   13, 58  
73 to steal *kiʔopa   37  
108 louse word info *koco   1  
22 to fear *koloɖo fear / afraid 57  
210 One Thousand word info *koɖolo   7  
102 rat *koɭabaw   1  
7 to come *kəla to arrive 39  
78 to cut, hack word info *kəʔətə   21  
91 to buy *laŋay also means "to sell" 40  
9 to swim *laŋoy   1  
76 to live, be alive *m-oɖipi   1  
148 white *ma-poli   111  
207 Twenty word info *ma-posa-lə   1  
162 old word info *ma-roɖaŋə   130  
47 to yawn *ma-swabə   19  
45 eye *maca   1  
160 painful, sick *macaʔə́mə   3  
39 to cook word info *madoʔo adjective: cooked    
81 sharp *magaraŋə   41  
147 black *maicəɭəŋə metathesis 2  
10 dirty *makoɖoɭo   91  
139 cold word info *makəcəɭə   2  
112 rotten word info *malaməkə   80  
167 night *maoŋo   2  
153 big *maɖaw   33  
117 fruit *maɖo   2  
161 shy, ashamed *maɭomalə embarassed 44  
172 to climb word info *mo-bələŋə      
5 to walk *moa to go, from PAN *m-uSa    
123 to flow *moaloɖo   25  
28 to breathe *niakə noun: breath 59  
38 to chew word info *oa-apoʔo   50  
196 to count *oa-asipi   3  
89 to hold word info *oa-gəməgəmə   1  
144 to burn word info *oa-laobo   78  
88 to squeeze word info *oa-pəʔə   1  
99 feather *obalə body hair    
133 rain *odalə   1  
79 stick/wood *okoɖo      
75 to die, be dead *pacay   1  
100 wing *pakəpakə   33  
57 husband *palaŋə spouse 87  
58 wife *palaŋə spouse 84  
70 to shoot word info *pana   1  
113 branch word info *pilaka   38  
203 Seven word info *pito   1  
85 to choose *piɭi   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *poko      
206 Ten word info *poɭoko   5  
29 to sniff, smell *sabaɭi   3  
54 man/male *saʔovalay (?) 1, 108  
192 and *si   49  
93 to pound, beat word info *si-a-ɭibóʔo   34  
87 to swell word info *simakə      
104 fat/grease *simaʔa   2  
50 to dream *sipi   1  
36 to spit *so-ŋaɭay   3  
114 leaf *sopoŋo      
106 snake *soɭaʔa   2  
200 Four word info *səpatə   1  
72 to hit word info *sətiti   76  
19 shoulder *tabalaŋaʔanə also means arm 7  
128 sky *tabələŋanə   56  
130 star *tariaw   45  
125 salt *timo   2  
67 to sew word info *tinono to weave    
34 to cry *tobi   54  
199 Three word info *toɭo   1  
56 child *valakə generic 1, 86  
31 tooth *valisi   2  
3 right *vanalə   1  
204 Eight word info *vaɭo   3  
168 day *vaʔi sun 17  
2 left *viri   1  
101 to fly *ŋi-palay   49  
30 mouth *ŋodoy   71  
78 to cut, hack word info *ŋotoʔo      
27 nose *ŋoŋoʔanə   47  
129 moon *ɖamarə   25  
4 leg/foot *ɖapalə foot 55  
175 above *ɖaða   41  
198 Two word info *ɖosa   1  
134 thunder *ɖərə   4  
13 back word info *ɖəɭəkə   71  
197 One word info *əa   1?  
145 smoke word info *əbəɭə   1  
121 sand *ənay   1  
202 Six word info *ənəmə   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *ərəcə   71  
176 below *ɭaoɖo      
110 spider *ɭavaθə < *(taka)lawas 1, 75  
32 tongue *ɭidamə   3  
135 lightning *ɭikacə   89  
201 Five word info *ɭima   1  
56 child *ɭolay child, baby 20  
99 feather *ɭomo feather 28  
120 stone *ɭənəgə   34  
25 neck *ɭəʔə   1  
101 to fly *ʔan-palay   49  
48 to sleep *ʔapəcə   77  
174 in, inside *ʔaɖiŋi   38  
52 to stand *ʔidiʔi   1  
137 to blow word info *ʔipi   1  
35 to vomit *ʔota   1  
40 to drink *ʔoŋolo   45  
167 night *ʔwaobo evening    
107 worm (earthworm) *ʔəkay      
18 breast *θoθo   1  
42 to suck *θəpəθəpə   1  

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