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Language: Proto-Malayo-Polynesian (Zorc)

Source/Author:  Zorc (1995) 
Notes:  Zorc, R. David. 1995. "A Glossary of Austronesian Reconstructions." In Tryon, Darrell T., ed. Comparative Austronesian dictionary: An Introduction to Austronesian Studies. Part 1: Fascicle 2: 1106-1197. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

PHN = Proto-Hesperonesian (attested in Western MP languages but lost in Central/Eastern MP languages) 
Problems:  d2 is rendered as D here. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all      
192 and      
146 ash *abus      
173 at      
13 back word info *m-udehí      
165 bad, evil *zaqát   1  
14 belly *ba(t)bat PHN    
176 below *i-babáq      
153 big      
97 bird *manúk   1  
147 black *tidem      
23 blood      
15 bone *zúʀi thorn, fishbone.BB    
113 branch word info *daŋk[ae]q   1  
113 branch word info *daqan   1  
18 breast      
56 child      
131 cloud word info *rambun PHN    
139 cold word info *ma-diŋdiŋ   1  
166 correct, true *ma-bener   1  
168 day *daqani      
10 dirty *cemed      
96 dog      
140 dry word info *ma-ʀaŋaw   1  
140 dry word info *dĕʀáŋ PHN 1  
82 dull, blunt *dumppel      
82 dull, blunt *pul      
11 dust *debu      
11 dust *qabúk   1  
43 ear      
119 earth/soil *tanaq   1  
119 earth/soil *taneq   1  
98 egg      
204 Eight word info      
45 eye *maCá Zorc lists this form as PMP, although it might be PAN instead. 1  
180 far *daiúq      
180 far *diaúq      
180 far *ma-Zaúq      
104 fat/grease *meñak   1, 65  
104 fat/grease *miñak PHN 1  
104 fat/grease *tabéʔ PHN 1  
60 father *amáy      
99 feather *búlu      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire      
111 fish      
201 Five word info      
116 flower *búŋah same as fruit    
132 fog *kabut   1  
200 Four word info      
117 fruit *búŋah same as flower    
164 good *dia      
164 good *ma-piá   1  
118 grass *baliji   1  
118 grass *qalamen PHN 1  
118 grass *sedsed PHN 1  
151 green      
26 hair word info      
1 hand      
184 he/she      
24 head      
142 heavy *ma-beʀʔat      
61 house      
194 how? word info *kua   1  
57 husband      
182 I      
193 if      
174 in, inside *lem      
16 intestines      
126 lake      
114 leaf *Dahun      
114 leaf *bulúŋ PHN    
2 left      
4 leg/foot *waqay   1, 100  
135 lightning *gelap      
135 lightning *qu-silaq      
17 liver      
155 long word info      
108 louse word info      
54 man/male *láki      
54 man/male *la-láki PHN    
103 meat/flesh *qunéj      
129 moon      
109 mosquito *lamúk      
109 mosquito *ñamúk      
59 mother *inay      
59 mother *nana      
30 mouth *baqbaq   1  
63 name *ájan      
158 narrow *kepit   48  
179 near      
25 neck      
68 needle      
163 new      
167 night      
205 Nine word info      
195 no, not *diaq   2  
27 nose *qujúŋ      
27 nose *quzúŋ      
162 old word info *laki PHN    
197 One word info *ma-isa      
209 One Hundred word info *ʀatús      
210 One Thousand word info *ʀibu PHN    
210 One Thousand word info *ribu PHN    
190 other      
160 painful, sick *ma-sakít      
53 person/human being *tau-matáq      
133 rain      
102 rat *balabaw   1  
102 rat *babaw PHN    
149 red *pulá[h]      
149 red *baʀaq PHN    
149 red *dĕʀáŋ PHN    
3 right *taqú   5, 25  
6 road/path      
115 root *akaʀ   2  
115 root *wakaʀ   2  
115 root *waʀet   2  
115 root *ʀamút   2  
65 rope      
112 rotten word info *busuk      
112 rotten word info *ʀapuq      
112 rotten word info *baʀiw PHN    
125 salt      
121 sand      
124 sea *tasik   1  
203 Seven word info      
81 sharp *tazím      
154 short word info *ma-babáq height    
154 short word info *ma-pandak length    
19 shoulder      
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info      
12 skin *balulaŋ PHN 64  
128 sky      
152 small *Dikiq   138  
152 small *keDik      
145 smoke word info *qasúh      
106 snake *nipay   1  
110 spider *kăwáʔ      
130 star      
79 stick/wood      
120 stone *ninih      
105 tail *ikuŋ      
206 Ten word info      
178 that *ináʔ      
62 thatch/roof *qatép      
187 they *siDá   1  
157 thick word info *ma-kapal   1  
156 thin word info *ma-níwaŋ      
177 this      
183 thou      
199 Three word info      
134 thunder *dudu      
134 thunder *kuDug      
134 thunder *le(ŋ)gur      
134 thunder *rŭ(ŋ)guŋ      
134 thunder *duʀduʀ PHN    
41 to bite *ketket      
41 to bite *keteb      
41 to bite *ketep      
137 to blow word info      
28 to breathe *háŋes      
28 to breathe *ma-ñáwa   1  
144 to burn word info *tutuŋ      
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info *mamáq      
38 to chew word info *kitkit      
38 to chew word info *kutkut PHN    
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info *pa-nahik   1  
172 to climb word info *sákay   1  
7 to come *m-aʀi   1  
39 to cook word info *baŋi      
39 to cook word info *nasu      
39 to cook word info *Zakan      
39 to cook word info *lu-(n)tuq PHN    
196 to count *qi-(n)tuŋ   31  
34 to cry      
78 to cut, hack word info *gĕrét      
78 to cut, hack word info *keleŋ      
78 to cut, hack word info *ra-(n)tas      
75 to die, be dead      
90 to dig      
50 to dream *nipi   1  
40 to drink *inúm      
40 to drink *m-inúm PHN    
37 to eat *amaq PHN    
95 to fall word info *ka-nabúq      
22 to fear      
123 to flow *aliʀ   1  
123 to flow *qáʀus   24  
101 to fly *ʀebek   1  
101 to fly *lĕ(m)páD PHN 57  
101 to fly *layaŋ PHN 58  
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear *ŋeʀ      
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info *paluʔ      
72 to hit word info *kĕnáʔ PHN    
72 to hit word info *taltal PHN    
89 to hold word info *Dakép      
69 to hunt word info *kayaw PHN    
74 to kill      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *ma-taqú   1  
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info *hideʀáq      
76 to live, be alive *biháʀ PHN    
92 to open, uncover *bekaʔ      
92 to open, uncover *bukáʔ      
84 to plant *múla   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *bu-(n)tuk      
93 to pound, beat word info *buk      
93 to pound, beat word info *tuktuk   2  
64 to say *tutur   2  
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see *ahaʔ      
67 to sew word info *záqit      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit *DukDuk      
51 to sit *tubaŋ      
51 to sit *untud      
48 to sleep      
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit *luZáq      
80 to split word info *bakaq   40  
80 to split word info *bekah   40  
80 to split word info *lekaq   40  
80 to split word info *silaq   40  
80 to split word info *tak   40  
88 to squeeze word info *mesmes      
88 to squeeze word info *peʀáq      
88 to squeeze word info *peʀés   42  
88 to squeeze word info *pespes   18  
88 to squeeze word info *pispis      
71 to stab, pierce *suksuk   1  
71 to stab, pierce *tebék   1  
52 to stand *Diʀi   1  
52 to stand *kezeŋ      
52 to stand *tuquD   2  
73 to steal      
42 to suck *i-sep      
42 to suck *sumsum      
87 to swell word info *baʀéq      
87 to swell word info *humbak PHN    
9 to swim      
21 to think *DemDem   13  
21 to think *nemnem   28  
94 to throw word info *tudaʔ      
66 to tie up, fasten *hiket   1  
8 to turn word info *biliŋ   4  
8 to turn word info *ileŋ doublets *biliŋ *ileŋ 4  
35 to vomit      
5 to walk *lakáw   1  
5 to walk *lampaŋ      
5 to walk *lampaq      
5 to walk *pánaw   2  
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn      
32 tongue      
31 tooth *ŋípen   1, 48  
31 tooth *ípen *qipen    
31 tooth *isi      
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info      
138 warm word info *ma-panas      
138 warm word info *qaŋet   1  
122 water word info *wáhiʀ fresh water    
185 we word info      
141 wet *ma-basáq      
188 what? word info *apa   1  
170 when? word info      
181 where? word info      
148 white *burak   3  
189 who? word info *i-sai   1  
159 wide *ma-luqas      
58 wife      
136 wind *dĕʀes      
136 wind *háŋin      
100 wing *qelaD      
100 wing *sayap PHN    
55 woman/female *b(in)áHi   1, 41  
55 woman/female *ba-b(in)áHi   1, 106  
127 woods/forest *qutan   7  
127 woods/forest *halás PHN 1  
127 woods/forest *tuan PHN 7  
107 worm (earthworm) *bulati   1  
107 worm (earthworm) *kalati   1  
107 worm (earthworm) *watí   1  
169 year *taqún      
150 yellow *ma-kunij   1  
186 you *kamiu      

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