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Language: Kavalan LTs

Source/Author:  Paul Jen-kuei Li 
Notes:  Li, Paul Jen-kuei and Shigeru Tsuchida. 2006. Kavalan Dictionary (噶瑪蘭語詞典). Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 319
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:East Formosan:Northern:Kavalan 
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Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 14 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand rima   1, 64  
2 left wiri   1  
3 right wanan   1  
4 leg/foot zapan   55  
5 to walk raziw-      
5 to walk saqay   3  
6 road/path razan   1  
7 to come utu-   41  
8 to turn word info kariseng-   72  
8 to turn word info krizeng   72  
9 to swim nanguy   1  
10 dirty ataʀ-   93  
10 dirty mutiʀ-   93  
11 dust buqas      
11 dust tabuk   47  
11 dust tiʀmuq   26  
12 skin rubung   60  
13 back word info tuqeb      
13 back word info tuqun      
13 back word info tuʀuz   36  
14 belly bles   64  
15 bone tiʀʀan   43  
16 intestines tal-   63  
16 intestines tall-   63  
17 liver zngit-   24  
18 breast sisu   1  
19 shoulder tqiaʀ   41  
20 to know, be knowledgeable suppeʀ   32  
21 to think anem   1  
21 to think siznges      
22 to fear itis-   54  
23 blood ʀinang   38  
24 head uʀu   1  
25 neck ruren   58  
26 hair word info buqes   1  
27 nose unung   1  
28 to breathe sngaz   61  
29 to sniff, smell singut-   26  
30 mouth ngibiʀ   87  
30 mouth nguyuʀ   87  
31 tooth bangʀaw   34  
32 tongue rilam   3  
33 to laugh tawa   1  
34 to cry uʀing   71  
35 to vomit uti   1  
36 to spit qat   76  
36 to spit tiʀpes   33?  
37 to eat qan-   1  
38 to chew word info kemkem   10  
38 to chew word info ngangngar-      
38 to chew word info samsam   21  
39 to cook word info ʀamaz      
40 to drink nanum   19  
40 to drink sirep   18  
41 to bite qaʀat-   1  
41 to bite qʀem-   52  
41 to bite qʀtut-   53  
42 to suck sisep-   1  
42 to suck supsup-   1  
42 to suck tuptup-   43  
43 ear kayar   34  
44 to hear ipir   62  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see qita   1  
46 to see tayta   74  
46 to see tita   74  
47 to yawn suab-   19  
48 to sleep inep-   8  
48 to sleep taquz-      
48 to sleep niʀuʀu-      
49 to lie down word info ʀuʀaz-      
49 to lie down word info zittang-   80  
50 to dream ʀaputuy      
51 to sit ʀiʀil-   113  
51 to sit llel-   113  
52 to stand teqteq      
53 person/human being razat   9  
54 man/male ʀunanay   1  
55 woman/female tazungan   97  
56 child pataq      
56 child ʀuin      
56 child sunis   58  
57 husband      
58 wife kuay-      
59 mother tina   1  
59 mother na   1  
60 father tama   1  
61 house rpaw   54  
62 thatch/roof ʔʀel      
63 name nangan   1  
64 to say sikawma to speak 124  
64 to say sikawman to speak 124  
65 rope ʀais   70  
66 to tie up, fasten nutuz to tie two strings    
67 to sew word info tais   1, 52  
68 needle razum Metathesis. -EG 1  
69 to hunt word info saraw   48  
70 to shoot word info pani   1  
71 to stab, pierce msi-      
71 to stab, pierce tbeq      
72 to hit word info babbar      
73 to steal ʀuzik-      
74 to kill ʔtung-   79  
75 to die, be dead patay   1  
76 to live, be alive qizi   65  
76 to live, be alive qizu-   65  
77 to scratch word info qaʀaw to scratch with fingernails 1  
78 to cut, hack word info qanib-   64  
79 stick/wood qpil-      
79 stick/wood quppit-      
79 stick/wood tunun      
80 to split word info siaq-      
81 sharp manang   64  
81 sharp mangan   64  
81 sharp tumis      
82 dull, blunt pungu-      
82 dull, blunt ʀazes-   47  
83 to work word info kuri   72  
83 to work word info saqay      
84 to plant ruma-   23  
84 to plant sapang-      
85 to choose mil-   1  
85 to choose mill-   1  
86 to grow word info rkez-      
86 to grow word info ruma-      
86 to grow word info sʀuz-      
87 to swell word info bunur   1  
87 to swell word info smaʀ-      
87 to swell word info masen      
87 to swell word info matuq-      
88 to squeeze word info pleq- *peleq 1  
89 to hold word info quppeʀ   82  
90 to dig tatak   44  
90 to dig kal- to dig up 1  
90 to dig kutkut to dig up 13  
90 to dig qiuʀ to dig up    
91 to buy asa   41  
92 to open, uncover ngaʀ   54  
92 to open, uncover ngaʀʀ   54  
93 to pound, beat word info insung      
93 to pound, beat word info taʀqan      
94 to throw word info suray-      
95 to fall word info risbuq      
95 to fall word info tibuq   3  
96 dog wasu   1  
97 bird alam   2  
97 bird tuil      
98 egg piʀas      
98 egg tiʀuʀ   1  
99 feather banus   59  
99 feather rinas   60  
99 feather surusut      
100 wing pakuz   22  
101 to fly baseʀ-   66  
102 rat mutun   31  
103 meat/flesh ʔsi   1  
104 fat/grease simaʀ   2  
105 tail riqul *likul 41  
106 snake btuna      
106 snake papaʀitan      
106 snake siqqay   58  
106 snake siʀqay   58  
107 worm (earthworm) binur      
107 worm (earthworm) qruqut   63  
107 worm (earthworm) kralut earthworm 63  
108 louse word info qutu   1  
109 mosquito ʀis *ʀeqiS - EG 71  
110 spider paqaw   54  
111 fish baut fish (generic) 31  
111 fish pulaw small fish that swim upstream in huge schools to spawn    
111 fish smumus      
112 rotten word info liuq   83  
112 rotten word info ratuq-   84  
112 rotten word info ʀapʀa-      
113 branch word info pising   64  
114 leaf biʀi   2 L?
114 leaf ʀapung      
115 root ʀabas   11  
116 flower muray   49  
117 fruit ʔsi   32  
118 grass psiw      
118 grass suay   66  
119 earth/soil manay   38  
119 earth/soil mranay   38  
120 stone btu   1  
121 sand buqan   73  
122 water word info zanum   1  
123 to flow suʀiʀ-   24?  
124 sea rzizing   57  
124 sea razing   57  
125 salt zmian   28  
126 lake banaw   33  
127 woods/forest paʀin      
128 sky llan   67  
129 moon buran   1  
130 star burtellan   58  
131 cloud word info ranem   35  
132 fog ranem   79  
133 rain uzan   1  
134 thunder zengzeng   3, 98  
135 lightning rizap   3  
136 wind bari   2  
136 wind rikaw-      
137 to blow word info pizpiz-      
137 to blow word info siup-   1  
137 to blow word info siaʀaʀ-      
138 warm word info szang   84  
138 warm word info skawaru      
139 cold word info ssen   87  
139 cold word info tuʀpus      
139 cold word info yarem-      
140 dry word info iseng-   33  
140 dry word info ʔtel-      
140 dry word info waʀi      
140 dry word info zazang      
141 wet zizi-   79  
142 heavy zinneq   55  
143 fire pilsa-      
143 fire ʀamaz   14  
144 to burn word info ʀamaz   105  
145 smoke word info qiʀeb   67  
145 smoke word info sisep-      
145 smoke word info turbun      
146 ash ibu   1  
147 black tngen   2  
148 white busaʀ   88  
149 red tbaʀi   79  
150 yellow pallallaw   62  
150 yellow plallaw   62  
151 green puri   60  
152 small kitut   88  
153 big ʀaya   1  
154 short word info kzu variants: kzus, kzut 76  
154 short word info ribeng      
155 long word info ʀʀung-   71  
155 long word info tnes-      
156 thin word info impis   1, 47  
156 thin word info inpis   1, 47  
156 thin word info kitut      
156 thin word info qiwat      
157 thick word info ʀuttuz   53  
157 thick word info sʀuz-   53  
158 narrow niku-      
158 narrow pasil-   56  
159 wide tabay   54  
160 painful, sick taʀaw   81  
161 shy, ashamed sikaz Why the final [z] not [t]? -EG. -z reflects *-d, so I think it is safe to code it as cognate. MR. 52  
162 old word info baqi   34  
163 new tasu   40  
164 good nngi   94  
165 bad, evil sukaw   70  
166 correct, true pria      
166 correct, true ayzipna      
166 correct, true lqel-      
167 night ʀabi   21  
168 day llan   45  
169 year tasaw   61  
170 when? word info anu   87  
170 when? word info qu      
170 when? word info qumni   17?  
171 to hide word info nbi      
172 to climb word info zaqis   2  
172 to climb word info purus- to climb a tree    
172 to climb word info tuqaz to climb a mountain    
173 at ta   7  
174 in, inside ʀasuʀ      
174 in, inside tʀeq      
175 above babaw   2  
176 below rbeng   69  
176 below ribeng   69  
177 this zau   32  
178 that nay   1  
179 near zaki-   84  
180 far laul-   2  
181 where? word info nian   54  
181 where? word info qayni   55  
182 I aiku   1  
183 thou aisu   1  
184 he/she aizipna   20  
184 he/she tiyau      
185 we word info aita   1  
185 we word info aimi   2  
186 you aimu   1  
187 they qaniyau   17  
188 what? word info niana   42  
188 what? word info nianu   2  
188 what? word info quni      
189 who? word info tiana   24  
190 other zuma   1  
191 all niz-   61  
191 all nizz-   61  
192 and atu   21  
192 and ka   1  
192 and sʀi   52  
193 if anu   2  
193 if si      
194 how? word info quni   45  
194 how? word info qunian   45  
195 no, not nia      
195 no, not ussa   97  
195 no, not wassa   97  
196 to count bilang   1  
197 One word info issa-   1  
197 One word info sa   1  
197 One word info russiq      
198 Two word info zusa   1  
199 Three word info turu   1  
200 Four word info spat   1  
201 Five word info rima   1  
202 Six word info ʔnem   1  
202 Six word info nnem-   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
204 Eight word info waru   3  
205 Nine word info siwa   5  
206 Ten word info ʀabtin   6  
206 Ten word info tʀay   15  
207 Twenty word info zusabtin   2  
208 Fifty word info rima      
209 One Hundred word info ʀasibu   26  
210 One Thousand word info razan-   8  

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