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Language: Proto-Austronesian (Zorc)

Source/Author:  Zorc (1995) 
Notes:  Zorc, R. David. 1995. "A Glossary of Austronesian Reconstructions." In Tryon, Darrell T., ed. Comparative Austronesian dictionary: An Introduction to Austronesian Studies. Part 1: Fascicle 2: 1106-1197. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

PHF = Proto-Hesperonesian-Formosan (attested in Formosan and Western MP languages but lost in Central/Eastern MP languages) 
Problems:  d2 is rendered as D here. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 238
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Austronesian 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 3 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
16 intestines      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think      
30 mouth      
38 to chew word info      
40 to drink      
45 eye      
51 to sit      
52 to stand      
62 thatch/roof      
66 to tie up, fasten      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
87 to swell word info      
92 to open, uncover      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
97 bird      
99 feather      
109 mosquito      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf      
116 flower      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
124 sea      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
136 wind      
138 warm word info      
140 dry word info      
141 wet      
142 heavy      
144 to burn word info      
150 yellow      
154 short word info      
158 narrow      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
176 below      
178 that      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
84 to plant *CaNém   2  
67 to sew word info *CaSíq   1  
81 sharp *Cadém PHF    
65 rope *CalíS      
81 sharp *Cazém PHF    
93 to pound, beat word info *CegCeg PHF    
93 to pound, beat word info *CelCel PHF    
71 to stab, pierce *Cesek      
14 belly *CináqiH   19, 24  
15 bone *CuqelaN PHF 1  
73 to steal *Cákaw   1  
43 ear *Cáliŋaʀ Zorc glosses this PAN word as "to eat," although this is most likely an error.    
53 person/human being *Cáu   1  
33 to laugh *Cáwa   1  
34 to cry *Cáŋis   1  
86 to grow word info *Cú(m)buq   1  
122 water word info *DaNúm fresh water 1  
196 to count *Hiáp PHF 2  
56 child *LaLak PHF 1  
192 and *Na   1  
180 far *Sa-Lawid PHF 100  
200 Four word info *Sa-Sĕpát PHF    
160 painful, sick *Sa-pĕjíq painful    
29 to sniff, smell *Sajék   1  
143 fire *Sapúy      
32 tongue *Sema   1  
103 meat/flesh *Sesi   1  
111 fish *Si-káʔen      
104 fat/grease *Simaʀ PHF 2  
137 to blow word info *Siúp   1  
81 sharp *Sáqit PHF    
200 Four word info *Sĕ(m)pát      
6 road/path *Zálan   1  
68 needle *Záʀum      
192 and *a   1  
172 to climb word info *a-(n)Dak      
175 above *a-Caʔas      
202 Six word info *a-eném PHF 1  
56 child *aNak   1  
155 long word info *adaduq PHF 1  
182 I *akú      
60 father *ama   1  
155 long word info *anaduq   1  
7 to come *ari   1  
197 One word info *asa   1  
96 dog *asu   1  
7 to come *aʀi PHF 1  
55 woman/female *ba-báHi   1, 105  
57 husband *baNaS   1  
163 new *baq(e)ʀuH      
72 to hit word info *basbas PHF    
120 stone *batú   1  
121 sand *benaqi PHF    
167 night *beʀŋi   1  
130 star *bi-(n)túqen   1, 78  
11 dust *bu      
106 snake *buLay PHF? 29  
171 to hide word info *buNi   1  
26 hair word info *buSék   1, 65  
129 moon *bulaN   1  
74 to kill *bunúq      
117 fruit *buáq   1  
112 rotten word info *buʀúk      
55 woman/female *báHi   1  
196 to count *bílaŋ PHF 1  
80 to split word info *bĕláq      
91 to buy *bĕlí   1  
198 Two word info *d3uSá number is subscript    
44 to hear *d3ĕŋéʀ number is subscript 1  
72 to hit word info *dakdák PHF    
10 dirty *dakíH more specific meaning of dirty: dirt on skin, danduff 1  
23 blood *dáʀaq   1  
15 bone *dúʀiH   2  
157 thick word info *d₄amel      
89 to hold word info *gemgem   1  
183 thou *i-Sú PHF    
175 above *i-bábaw      
183 thou *i-kaSú      
177 this *i-ní   1  
181 where? word info *i-nú PHF    
170 when? word info *iján      
27 nose *ijúŋ   1  
59 mother *ina   1  
197 One word info *isá   1  
192 and *ka   1  
193 if *ka   1  
3 right *ka-wanáN   1, 62  
2 left *ka-wiʀí   1, 42  
12 skin *kaLiC PHF - animal skin 2  
37 to eat *kaan   1  
186 you *kamuyu PHF    
1 hand *kamáy   13  
185 we word info *kamí   2  
186 you *kamú      
90 to dig *karkar PHF - to dig in the earth    
41 to bite *katkat   1  
77 to scratch word info *kaʀaw   1  
41 to bite *kaʀát   1  
64 to say *kaʀí      
37 to eat *kaʔen   1  
152 small *keDiʔ      
157 thick word info *kid₃emel   21  
135 lightning *kilát PHF 1  
185 we word info *kitá   1  
182 I *ku      
79 stick/wood *káSiw   1  
90 to dig *kálih   1  
37 to eat *kán   1  
79 stick/wood *káyuH   1  
46 to see *kítaʔ   1  
108 louse word info *kúCuH      
12 skin *kúliC   1  
102 rat *labaw   1  
5 to walk *lakat   40  
57 husband *lakay PHF 30  
162 old word info *lakay PHF    
139 cold word info *lamíg PHF    
80 to split word info *laq      
101 to fly *layap PHF 2  
9 to swim *laŋúy PHF 1  
13 back word info *likúd   1  
201 Five word info *limá   1  
31 tooth *lipen doublets 1, 35  
8 to turn word info *liu-   2  
36 to spit *ludáq PHF 1  
5 to walk *lákad   40  
110 spider *láwaq      
128 sky *láŋit      
25 neck *líqeʀ PHF 1  
35 to vomit *m-utaq   1  
192 and *ma   1  
151 green *ma-Hátaq      
161 shy, ashamed *ma-Siáq      
47 to yawn *ma-Suab   19  
151 green *ma-ilem PHF    
149 red *ma-iʀaq   1  
159 wide *ma-lawa      
156 thin word info *ma-nipís      
148 white *ma-putíq      
10 dirty *ma-qilaŋ   2  
147 black *ma-qitém      
76 to live, be alive *ma-qúdip   1  
162 old word info *ma-tuqáS      
22 to fear *ma-tákut   1  
153 big *ma-ʀaya   1  
54 man/male *ma-ʀuqaNay   1  
75 to die, be dead *maCéy      
7 to come *mai   1  
60 father *mama   1  
194 how? word info *mana PHF    
50 to dream *mi-Sepi   1  
39 to cook word info *nasuk to boil    
9 to swim *naŋúy PHF 1  
193 if *nu PHF 2  
31 tooth *nípen doublets 1  
74 to kill *pa-ka-maCéy   2  
203 Seven word info *pa-pitú PHF 1  
74 to kill *paCéy   2  
100 wing *pakpak PHF 1, 33  
70 to shoot word info *panaq   1  
72 to hit word info *pekpek      
88 to squeeze word info *pesél PHF    
156 thin word info *pis      
88 to squeeze word info *pit      
203 Seven word info *pitú   1  
72 to hit word info *puk      
100 wing *pánij      
85 to choose *píliq      
206 Ten word info *púluq   5  
1 hand *qa-límaH   1  
177 this *qa-ní[H]      
17 liver *qaCéy   1  
12 skin *qaNiC PHF - animal skin 2  
69 to hunt word info *qaNúp PHF 1  
19 shoulder *qabáʀaH   1  
146 ash *qabúH      
168 day *qal(e)jáw      
19 shoulder *qali-wadaŋ PHF    
4 leg/foot *qaqay   1  
125 salt *qasiʀa      
57 husband *qasáwa PHF 2  
58 wife *qasáwa   1  
125 salt *qasíN      
98 egg *qatĕluʀ      
195 no, not *qazi   1  
98 egg *qi-tĕluʀ      
49 to lie down word info *qinép   1  
133 rain *quZáN      
96 dog *qáyam PHF 1  
106 snake *qúlej   2, 33  
107 worm (earthworm) *qúlej      
24 head *qúluH   1  
145 smoke word info *qĕbél   1  
121 sand *qĕnay      
197 One word info *sa-   1  
42 to suck *sepsep   1  
184 he/she *siá      
205 Nine word info *siáw   5  
91 to buy *sáliw PHF 20  
18 breast *súsu   1  
199 Three word info *ta-tĕlu PHF    
39 to cook word info *taNek PHF 1  
60 father *tama   1  
43 ear *tangíla PHF 1, 72  
197 One word info *tasa   41  
78 to cut, hack word info *taʀáq   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *tektek   3  
48 to sleep *tiDuʀ   1  
125 salt *timus PHF 2  
59 mother *tina   1  
42 to suck *tiptip      
14 belly *tiáN   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuk      
93 to pound, beat word info *tuqtuq   54  
22 to fear *tálaw cowardly 34  
171 to hide word info *táʀuq   1  
48 to sleep *túDuʀ   1  
199 Three word info *tĕlú      
98 egg *tĕlúʀ      
106 snake *ulaʀ   2  
115 root *uʀát PHF    
204 Eight word info *wa-walú PHF 3  
31 tooth *waLiS   2  
204 Eight word info *walú   3  
3 right *wanán PHF 1  
2 left *wiʀí   1  
179 near *zaNí      
123 to flow *áluʀ      
105 tail *íkuʀ   1  
18 breast *ñuñu what is the evidence for ñ ? BB 3  
63 name *ŋájan   1  
31 tooth *ŋísi[h]   24  
28 to breathe *ʀa-sináwa   1  
131 cloud word info *ʀabun   1  
167 night *ʀabíʔiH   1  
61 house *ʀumaq   1  
197 One word info *ʔesá   1  
202 Six word info *ʔĕném   1  

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