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Language: Proto-Austronesian (Zorc)

Source/Author:  Zorc (1995) 
Notes:  Zorc, R. David. 1995. "A Glossary of Austronesian Reconstructions." In Tryon, Darrell T., ed. Comparative Austronesian dictionary: An Introduction to Austronesian Studies. Part 1: Fascicle 2: 1106-1197. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

PHF = Proto-Hesperonesian-Formosan (attested in Formosan and Western MP languages but lost in Central/Eastern MP languages) 
Problems:  d2 is rendered as D here. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 238
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Austronesian 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 3 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
16 intestines      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think      
30 mouth      
38 to chew word info      
40 to drink      
45 eye      
51 to sit      
52 to stand      
62 thatch/roof      
66 to tie up, fasten      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
87 to swell word info      
92 to open, uncover      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
97 bird      
99 feather      
109 mosquito      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf      
116 flower      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
124 sea      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
136 wind      
138 warm word info      
140 dry word info      
141 wet      
142 heavy      
144 to burn word info      
150 yellow      
154 short word info      
158 narrow      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
176 below      
178 that      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
11 dust *bu      
19 shoulder *qali-wadaŋ PHF    
39 to cook word info *nasuk to boil    
42 to suck *tiptip      
43 ear *Cáliŋaʀ Zorc glosses this PAN word as "to eat," although this is most likely an error.    
64 to say *kaʀí      
65 rope *CalíS      
68 needle *Záʀum      
71 to stab, pierce *Cesek      
72 to hit word info *pekpek      
72 to hit word info *puk      
72 to hit word info *basbas PHF    
72 to hit word info *dakdák PHF    
74 to kill *bunúq      
75 to die, be dead *maCéy      
80 to split word info *bĕláq      
80 to split word info *laq      
81 sharp *Cadém PHF    
81 sharp *Cazém PHF    
81 sharp *Sáqit PHF    
85 to choose *píliq      
88 to squeeze word info *pit      
88 to squeeze word info *pesél PHF    
90 to dig *karkar PHF - to dig in the earth    
93 to pound, beat word info *tuk      
93 to pound, beat word info *CegCeg PHF    
93 to pound, beat word info *CelCel PHF    
98 egg *tĕlúʀ      
98 egg *qatĕluʀ      
98 egg *qi-tĕluʀ      
100 wing *pánij      
107 worm (earthworm) *qúlej      
108 louse word info *kúCuH      
110 spider *láwaq      
111 fish *Si-káʔen      
112 rotten word info *buʀúk      
115 root *uʀát PHF    
121 sand *qĕnay      
121 sand *benaqi PHF    
123 to flow *áluʀ      
125 salt *qasíN      
125 salt *qasiʀa      
128 sky *láŋit      
133 rain *quZáN      
139 cold word info *lamíg PHF    
143 fire *Sapúy      
146 ash *qabúH      
147 black *ma-qitém      
148 white *ma-putíq      
151 green *ma-Hátaq      
151 green *ma-ilem PHF    
152 small *keDiʔ      
156 thin word info *ma-nipís      
156 thin word info *pis      
157 thick word info *d₄amel      
159 wide *ma-lawa      
160 painful, sick *Sa-pĕjíq painful    
161 shy, ashamed *ma-Siáq      
162 old word info *ma-tuqáS      
162 old word info *lakay PHF    
163 new *baq(e)ʀuH      
168 day *qal(e)jáw      
170 when? word info *iján      
172 to climb word info *a-(n)Dak      
175 above *i-bábaw      
175 above *a-Caʔas      
177 this *qa-ní[H]      
179 near *zaNí      
181 where? word info *i-nú PHF    
182 I *akú      
182 I *ku      
183 thou *i-kaSú      
183 thou *i-Sú PHF    
184 he/she *siá      
186 you *kamú      
186 you *kamuyu PHF    
194 how? word info *mana PHF    
198 Two word info *d3uSá number is subscript    
199 Three word info *tĕlú      
199 Three word info *ta-tĕlu PHF    
200 Four word info *Sĕ(m)pát      
200 Four word info *Sa-Sĕpát PHF    
1 hand *qa-límaH   1  
2 left *wiʀí   1  
3 right *wanán PHF 1  
4 leg/foot *qaqay   1  
6 road/path *Zálan   1  
7 to come *ari   1  
7 to come *mai   1  
7 to come *aʀi PHF 1  
9 to swim *laŋúy PHF 1  
9 to swim *naŋúy PHF 1  
10 dirty *dakíH more specific meaning of dirty: dirt on skin, danduff 1  
12 skin *kúliC   1  
13 back word info *likúd   1  
14 belly *tiáN   1  
15 bone *CuqelaN PHF 1  
17 liver *qaCéy   1  
18 breast *súsu   1  
19 shoulder *qabáʀaH   1  
22 to fear *ma-tákut   1  
23 blood *dáʀaq   1  
24 head *qúluH   1  
25 neck *líqeʀ PHF 1  
27 nose *ijúŋ   1  
28 to breathe *ʀa-sináwa   1  
29 to sniff, smell *Sajék   1  
31 tooth *nípen doublets 1  
32 tongue *Sema   1  
33 to laugh *Cáwa   1  
34 to cry *Cáŋis   1  
35 to vomit *m-utaq   1  
36 to spit *ludáq PHF 1  
37 to eat *kaan   1  
37 to eat *kaʔen   1  
37 to eat *kán   1  
39 to cook word info *taNek PHF 1  
41 to bite *kaʀát   1  
41 to bite *katkat   1  
42 to suck *sepsep   1  
44 to hear *d3ĕŋéʀ number is subscript 1  
46 to see *kítaʔ   1  
48 to sleep *tiDuʀ   1  
48 to sleep *túDuʀ   1  
49 to lie down word info *qinép   1  
50 to dream *mi-Sepi   1  
53 person/human being *Cáu   1  
54 man/male *ma-ʀuqaNay   1  
55 woman/female *báHi   1  
56 child *aNak   1  
56 child *LaLak PHF 1  
57 husband *baNaS   1  
58 wife *qasáwa   1  
59 mother *ina   1  
59 mother *tina   1  
60 father *ama   1  
60 father *mama   1  
60 father *tama   1  
61 house *ʀumaq   1  
63 name *ŋájan   1  
67 to sew word info *CaSíq   1  
69 to hunt word info *qaNúp PHF 1  
70 to shoot word info *panaq   1  
73 to steal *Cákaw   1  
76 to live, be alive *ma-qúdip   1  
77 to scratch word info *kaʀaw   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *taʀáq   1  
79 stick/wood *káSiw   1  
79 stick/wood *káyuH   1  
86 to grow word info *Cú(m)buq   1  
89 to hold word info *gemgem   1  
90 to dig *kálih   1  
91 to buy *bĕlí   1  
96 dog *asu   1  
96 dog *qáyam PHF 1  
102 rat *labaw   1  
103 meat/flesh *Sesi   1  
105 tail *íkuʀ   1  
117 fruit *buáq   1  
120 stone *batú   1  
122 water word info *DaNúm fresh water 1  
129 moon *bulaN   1  
131 cloud word info *ʀabun   1  
135 lightning *kilát PHF 1  
137 to blow word info *Siúp   1  
145 smoke word info *qĕbél   1  
149 red *ma-iʀaq   1  
153 big *ma-ʀaya   1  
155 long word info *anaduq   1  
155 long word info *adaduq PHF 1  
167 night *beʀŋi   1  
167 night *ʀabíʔiH   1  
171 to hide word info *buNi   1  
171 to hide word info *táʀuq   1  
177 this *i-ní   1  
185 we word info *kitá   1  
192 and *a   1  
192 and *ka   1  
192 and *ma   1  
192 and *Na   1  
193 if *ka   1  
195 no, not *qazi   1  
196 to count *bílaŋ PHF 1  
197 One word info *asa   1  
197 One word info *ʔesá   1  
197 One word info *isá   1  
197 One word info *sa-   1  
201 Five word info *limá   1  
202 Six word info *ʔĕném   1  
202 Six word info *a-eném PHF 1  
203 Seven word info *pitú   1  
203 Seven word info *pa-pitú PHF 1  
55 woman/female *ba-báHi   1, 105  
100 wing *pakpak PHF 1, 33  
31 tooth *lipen doublets 1, 35  
2 left *ka-wiʀí   1, 42  
3 right *ka-wanáN   1, 62  
26 hair word info *buSék   1, 65  
43 ear *tangíla PHF 1, 72  
130 star *bi-(n)túqen   1, 78  
180 far *Sa-Lawid PHF 100  
1 hand *kamáy   13  
47 to yawn *ma-Suab   19  
14 belly *CináqiH   19, 24  
8 to turn word info *liu-   2  
10 dirty *ma-qilaŋ   2  
12 skin *kaLiC PHF - animal skin 2  
12 skin *qaNiC PHF - animal skin 2  
15 bone *dúʀiH   2  
31 tooth *waLiS   2  
57 husband *qasáwa PHF 2  
74 to kill *paCéy   2  
74 to kill *pa-ka-maCéy   2  
84 to plant *CaNém   2  
101 to fly *layap PHF 2  
104 fat/grease *Simaʀ PHF 2  
106 snake *ulaʀ   2  
125 salt *timus PHF 2  
185 we word info *kamí   2  
193 if *nu PHF 2  
196 to count *Hiáp PHF 2  
106 snake *qúlej   2, 33  
91 to buy *sáliw PHF 20  
157 thick word info *kid₃emel   21  
31 tooth *ŋísi[h]   24  
106 snake *buLay PHF? 29  
18 breast *ñuñu what is the evidence for ñ ? BB 3  
78 to cut, hack word info *tektek   3  
204 Eight word info *walú   3  
204 Eight word info *wa-walú PHF 3  
57 husband *lakay PHF 30  
22 to fear *tálaw cowardly 34  
5 to walk *lákad   40  
5 to walk *lakat   40  
197 One word info *tasa   41  
205 Nine word info *siáw   5  
206 Ten word info *púluq   5  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuqtuq   54  

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