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Language: Mak (Yangfeng)

Source/Author:  Ni Dabai 
Notes:  Spoken in Dali Hamlet, Yangfeng Village, Guizhou, China. Source: Ni, Dabai. 1988. "Yangfeng Mak of Libo county." In Jerold A. Edmondson and David B. Solnit (eds.), Comparative Kadai: Linguistic studies beyond Tai, 87-106. Summer Institute of Linguistics Publications in Linguistics, 86. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.

The Yangfeng Mak tones are:
1 = /12/ low level slight rise
2 = /31/ low falling
3 = /33/ mid level
4 = /42/ mid falling
5 = /34/ mid rising
6 = /44/ mid/high level
7L = /33/ mid level
7S = /44/ mid/high level
8L = /42/ mid/high falling
8S = /31/ mid falling
9 = /34/ mid rising 
Problems:  Limited lexicon 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 110
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 3
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Kam-Sui 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 6 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand mi1   1  
2 left re3      
3 right fa1   1  
4 leg/foot ka1   42  
5 to walk pa:i1      
6 road/path k'un1      
7 to come taŋ1      
8 to turn word info pan5      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin ʔȡa1      
13 back word info      
14 belly loŋ2      
15 bone ʔdok7L      
16 intestines ra:i3      
17 liver tap7S      
18 breast      
19 shoulder ha1      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think siŋ2      
22 to fear      
23 blood p'ja:t7L      
24 head ȶau3   1  
25 neck ho1      
26 hair word info run1      
27 nose naŋ1   1  
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth ʔbəp7S      
31 tooth      
32 tongue ma2   1  
33 to laugh ȶu1 Chinese   L
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
36 to spit      
37 to eat tsin1      
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink      
41 to bite ȶam3      
42 to suck      
43 ear ȶ'a1      
44 to hear ȶ'a1      
45 eye ʔdja1   1  
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep nun2      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream      
51 to sit      
52 to stand jun1      
53 person/human being ʔȡin1 Chinese   L
54 man/male ba:n1      
55 woman/female ʔbi:k7L      
56 child la:k8L   1  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother nəi4      
60 father tja3      
61 house ra:n1      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name      
64 to say van2      
65 rope za:k7      
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info tip7S      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info nak8S      
73 to steal      
74 to kill ha3      
75 to die, be dead      
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info sa:p8S      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp ljui1      
82 dull, blunt mjo4      
83 to work word info ve4 to do [work]    
84 to plant tem1      
85 to choose le6 to choose a seat    
86 to grow word info təp7S      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info nat7S      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig      
91 to buy ʔdjai3      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info tok9      
96 dog ma1      
97 bird nok8L   1  
98 egg ȶai5      
99 feather      
100 wing      
101 to fly      
102 rat no3      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease maŋ6      
105 tail      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info      
109 mosquito      
110 spider ȶwa:u1      
111 fish məm6      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf va5      
115 root      
116 flower wa1      
117 fruit p'iŋ6      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil ləm5      
120 stone      
121 sand      
122 water word info nam3   1  
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt ȶwa1      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky ʔbən1      
129 moon      
130 star      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog mok7L      
133 rain vən1      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind ləm1      
137 to blow word info po5      
138 warm word info ʔdjau33      
139 cold word info      
140 dry word info      
141 wet      
142 heavy      
143 fire      
144 to burn word info kut7S      
145 smoke word info      
146 ash      
147 black      
148 white p'uk8L      
149 red laŋ1      
150 yellow      
151 green jəu1      
152 small təi3      
153 big la:u4      
154 short word info ʔdjam35      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info ʔba:ŋ1      
157 thick word info na1      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick ȶit72      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
163 new mai5      
164 good ʔda:i1      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true tsəŋ35 Chinese   L
167 night mo3      
168 day van1      
169 year be1      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this na:i6   1  
178 that si5 medial    
178 that na3 distal 1  
179 near      
180 far      
181 where? word info      
182 I ʔe2      
183 thou ʔŋ̊2      
184 he/she tau1      
185 we word info ʔdi1      
186 you      
187 they ɕa:u3      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info ʔai3 nau1      
190 other      
191 all tu3      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not me2      
196 to count      
197 One word info ʔdeu1      
197 One word info ʔit7S      
198 Two word info ra1      
199 Three word info sa:m1      
200 Four word info səi5      
201 Five word info ŋo4      
202 Six word info lok8S      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info pa:t7L      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info rip8S      
207 Twenty word info ȵəi6 rip8S      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info pek7L      
210 One Thousand word info sin1      

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