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Language: Ai-Cham (Diwo)

Source/Author:  Lin Shi & Cui Jianxin 
Notes:  ISO 639-3: aih This dialect of Ai-Cham (ʔai3 ȶam1) is from Gengfang Hamlet (ʔəu1 vu:ŋ1), Diwo Township, Jialiang District, Libo County, Qiannan Prefecture, Guizhou Province, China. The Diwo dialect is more representative of Ai-Cham than the other varieties are.

Source: Lin, Shi and Cui Jianxin. 1988. "An investigation of the Ai-Cham language." In Jerold A. Edmondson and David B. Solnit (eds.), Comparative Kadai: Linguistic studies beyond Tai, 59-85. Summer Institute of Linguistics Publications in Linguistics, 86. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.

Diwo Ai-Cham has 8 tones:
1 = /22/
2 = /31/
3 = /33/
4 = /53/
5 = /35/
6 = /13/
7 = /55/
7B = /24/
8 = /31/
 
Problems:  Limited lexicon 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 104
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 4
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Kam-Sui 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 6 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand mi1   1  
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot pau1 foot 43  
4 leg/foot ka1 leg 42  
5 to walk pa:i1      
6 road/path khun1      
7 to come m̥a1      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim lui1   1  
9 to swim ȡui1      
10 dirty wa5      
11 dust      
12 skin      
13 back word info      
14 belly      
15 bone ka:ŋ3 fish bone    
16 intestines      
17 liver tap7      
18 breast ɕu4   1?  
19 shoulder ha1      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think      
22 to fear l̥jəu1      
23 blood phja:t7      
24 head      
25 neck ku4      
26 hair word info pjam1      
27 nose      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth pa:k7      
31 tooth      
32 tongue ma2   1  
33 to laugh      
34 to cry ȵe3      
35 to vomit du:k7B   1  
36 to spit      
37 to eat si:n1      
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink      
41 to bite ȶam3      
42 to suck      
43 ear      
44 to hear      
45 eye da1   1  
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep nən2      
49 to lie down word info niŋ3      
50 to dream      
51 to sit      
52 to stand      
53 person/human being ȡin1      
54 man/male ba:n1      
55 woman/female bi:k7B      
55 woman/female si3 ja4      
56 child      
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother      
60 father      
61 house ja:n1      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name da:n1   1  
64 to say      
65 rope di:k7B thread    
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info tip7      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info peŋ5      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info map8      
73 to steal ȶip7 to rob    
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead tai1   1  
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info ȵ̊ak7B      
78 to cut, hack word info phu:t7      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info pɯk7      
81 sharp l̥ui1      
81 sharp l̥weŋ5      
81 sharp da:u3      
82 dull, blunt wa3      
83 to work word info na:m1 working hard    
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info pan3      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info ɕuk7 PMP *tuktuk?    
94 to throw word info wit8      
95 to fall word info tok7      
96 dog      
97 bird nok8   1  
98 egg      
99 feather      
100 wing      
101 to fly      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease maŋ6      
105 tail zwət7B      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm) zjan4      
108 louse word info təu1   1  
109 mosquito ȵuŋ4      
110 spider      
111 fish məm6      
112 rotten word info nwat7      
113 branch word info ŋa6      
114 leaf va5      
115 root      
116 flower hwa1 Chinese   L
117 fruit      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
120 stone tui2      
121 sand      
122 water word info nam3   1  
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky mən1      
129 moon ni:n2      
130 star      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog mok7      
133 rain vin1      
134 thunder pja3      
135 lightning      
136 wind ləm1      
137 to blow word info po5      
138 warm word info pjom6      
139 cold word info ȵit7      
140 dry word info ti:m4 to dry a mat    
141 wet min2 moist    
142 heavy      
143 fire      
144 to burn word info tun1      
145 smoke word info      
146 ash vok7B      
147 black nam1   1  
147 black nwa:i3      
148 white pu:k8      
149 red      
150 yellow ŋ̊a:n3      
151 green j̥əu1      
152 small      
153 big      
154 short word info dam5      
154 short word info din6      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info ba:ŋ1      
156 thin word info nun6      
157 thick word info na1      
158 narrow njap7      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick ȶit7      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
163 new      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true toi5 Chinese   L
167 night      
168 day      
169 year      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info ȶha3      
172 to climb word info pin1      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below l̥a3      
177 this na:i6   1  
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
181 where? word info      
182 I ʔe2      
183 thou ŋ2      
184 he/she man1      
185 we word info di1   9  
185 we word info wə1      
186 you si1   1  
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not məi6 not yet    
196 to count ȡai5      
197 One word info      
198 Two word info ja1      
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info pa:t7 Chinese   L
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info pek7 Chinese   L
210 One Thousand word info      

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