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Language: Laha (Ta Mit)

Source/Author:  Wardlaw & Edmondson 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:lha  Glottocode: laha1250 
Notes:  Source: Wardlaw, Terrance Randall. A phonological comparison between two varieties of Laha: Syllable constituents and tone in Ta Mit and Noong Lay Laha. M.A. Thesis, The University of Texas at Arlington, 2000.

Spoken in Tà Mít Commune, Than Uyên District, Lào Cai, Vietnam.

The 5 Ta Mit Laha tones are:
level: /33/
rising: /24/
falling: /42/
rising-falling: /243/
falling-rising: /423/ 
Problems:  Data is scant, as this variety had only been documented by Edmondson in the late 1990's. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 142
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 3
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kra:Eastern Kra 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 7 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ɐn33 ʔu42      
191 all tiŋ33 ka42      
192 and      
146 ash tʰu42      
173 at      
13 back word info li33 lɯn33   1?  
165 bad, evil fan24      
14 belly      
176 below ɐn33 tʰaŋ42      
153 big hɐn33 duŋ42      
97 bird mə24 nɯk42   1  
147 black diŋ42      
23 blood paat24      
15 bone thak32      
113 branch word info      
18 breast lə33 ɯk42      
56 child lɐ33 sɐi42 cf. Puyuma alak 1  
131 cloud word info mɔɔk33      
139 cold word info bi24      
166 correct, true      
168 day wɐn42      
10 dirty      
96 dog ba243      
140 dry word info xa42      
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear ka33 ha33 Most other TK languages have a high tone for this word, but Laha has a low tone.    
119 earth/soil ma33 kup24      
98 egg ma33 tam33      
204 Eight word info mɐ33 hu33   1  
45 eye maak42 ta243   1  
180 far kɐ33 lui33      
104 fat/grease      
60 father au423      
99 feather mɛ33      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire pɯi42   1  
111 fish mə33 la33 cf. Puyuma bulaw 2?  
201 Five word info ma33   1  
116 flower bak33   22  
132 fog mui243 PMP *kabut ? 1?  
200 Four word info pa33   11  
117 fruit mat24   1  
164 good ai42      
118 grass dau242      
151 green xu42      
26 hair word info ma33 sam33      
1 hand ɔn42 kə33 ma33   1  
184 he/she ka42      
24 head la33 xɐi243      
142 heavy xɐn42      
61 house nɐm33 tom42      
194 how? word info      
57 husband mɐ33 si33      
182 I ɪn42      
193 if      
174 in, inside bəŋ33 kun42      
16 intestines soi423      
126 lake      
114 leaf tʰɯŋ42   1?  
2 left bɯŋ33 mɛɛŋ24   49, 52  
4 leg/foot pak24 kʰɯk33   31  
135 lightning mo33 a33 lap33      
17 liver tap33   1  
155 long word info      
108 louse word info maŋ33 ku33 head louse    
108 louse word info ma33 tʰan33 body louse    
54 man/male lək33 xɯn33 kə33 pau42      
103 meat/flesh nɔ24      
129 moon ma33 tʰan33   1  
109 mosquito mɛɛŋ33 ʑaŋ33      
59 mother      
30 mouth man24      
63 name t͡ʃu42      
158 narrow xap42      
179 near ka33 la42      
25 neck kə33 ʑɔ33      
68 needle mɐ33 hɛ33      
163 new man33      
167 night kʰa33 lɯŋ33 cf. Puyuma qəzəm 'dark'    
167 night la33 kan33      
205 Nine word info sə33 wa24   1  
195 no, not      
27 nose ɲɛt33      
162 old word info kɛ42 old/elderly person    
197 One word info t͡ʃam42   1  
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other han42 ta42      
160 painful, sick      
53 person/human being xɯn33      
133 rain tʰɛn33 ʑɛn33   1  
102 rat lai423      
149 red dət33      
3 right bən̥33 ki42   49  
6 road/path lə33 xɯn33 wa42      
115 root      
65 rope sɔ42 fɐn24      
112 rotten word info poi423      
125 salt ɲɔ33      
121 sand ɲai42 PAN *bunaj ? 1  
124 sea      
203 Seven word info tʰo42   1  
81 sharp      
154 short word info tam212      
19 shoulder fiŋ42 fa24      
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info dɐm42   1  
12 skin      
128 sky tʰɛn33 Chinese   L
152 small      
145 smoke word info      
106 snake ŋa33      
110 spider səŋ42 sau243 PAN *kakaCu ?    
130 star mɐ33 luŋ33   1?  
79 stick/wood      
120 stone dun42   1?  
105 tail sɯt33      
206 Ten word info pɯt33   1  
178 that      
62 thatch/roof      
187 they      
157 thick word info      
156 thin word info      
177 this      
183 thou ma33   1  
199 Three word info tu42   1  
134 thunder tʰɛn33 tʰan33 tʰɛn33 = sky, a Chinese loanword   L
41 to bite ai24      
137 to blow word info hop33   1  
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info      
91 to buy t͡ʃɯn42      
38 to chew word info ɲaŋ42      
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come xɔ42      
39 to cook word info kɯ33 mɐu42      
196 to count      
34 to cry      
78 to cut, hack word info at33 bɐŋ42 fa42 to cut with a knife    
75 to die, be dead fɯn42      
90 to dig      
50 to dream nu243 t͡ʃə42 'pan243 noun 1  
40 to drink au42      
37 to eat au42      
95 to fall word info ɯk33      
22 to fear ɐn33 la33      
123 to flow      
101 to fly hɯn42      
86 to grow word info ma212      
44 to hear ɲɯi243      
171 to hide word info tʰeo24      
72 to hit word info      
89 to hold word info      
69 to hunt word info hu33 as in ba243 nu33 'hunting dog'    
74 to kill ma33 hɯn33      
20 to know, be knowledgeable sai24      
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive an42      
92 to open, uncover hak42      
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say      
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see dom24      
67 to sew word info      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit ɲɪn42      
48 to sleep xau212 ju42 Chinese ?   L
29 to sniff, smell ai24      
36 to spit      
80 to split word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand      
73 to steal pom42      
42 to suck      
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim lai24   1  
21 to think ŋam212   1  
94 to throw word info      
66 to tie up, fasten      
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit ʔa33 ɔɔk33      
5 to walk      
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn      
32 tongue ka33 lɪn42   36  
31 tooth suŋ42   33  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info sa42   1  
138 warm word info kɐ42 tu42 hot    
122 water word info uŋ42   40  
185 we word info mo33 ɔ42 inclusive    
185 we word info mo33 ɪn42 exclusive    
141 wet hɯŋ24      
188 what? word info      
170 when? word info      
181 where? word info      
148 white dan33      
189 who? word info      
159 wide waŋ24      
58 wife mɐ33 t͡ʃɔ33      
136 wind wan33 ui31      
100 wing      
55 woman/female kɔ42 mai42      
127 woods/forest pa33 t͡ʃɯn42      
107 worm (earthworm) ŋa33 wak24 ŋa33 = snake    
169 year ma33 tʰan33      
150 yellow lɯŋ243      
186 you      

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