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Language: Gelao (Sanchong)

Source/Author:  Yu-May Shen 
Notes:  Source: Shen, Yu-May. Phonology of Sanchong Gelao. M.A. Thesis. University of Texas at Arlington, 2003.

Sanchong Gelao is classified as Central Gelao by Edmondson and Shen, although Ostapirat had classified it earlier as Southwestern Gelao. It is spoken in Sanchong village (三冲村), Longlin County (隆林县), Guangxi, China by the Green Gelao people. Their autonym is ha53 kej53.

Sanchong Gelao has 5 tones: /33/, /35/, /13/, /53/, and /31/.

Other words of interest: m`53 sa53 (raw rice), moŋ53 (cooked rice), ɲaj31 m`53 (water buffalo), toŋ31 koŋ35 (knee) 
Problems:  Syllabic nasals are represented as m` and n`. The fricativized/apical vowel is represented as z`. The original source uses short lines under the letters instead of a grave mark `.

Tones were not given for some words. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 164
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 3
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kra:Western Kra 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 7 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all      
192 and      
146 ash      
173 at      
13 back word info ka53 lai33      
165 bad, evil hi33      
14 belly l̥oŋ35 stomach    
176 below      
153 big      
97 bird m`53 naŋ53   1  
147 black l̥aŋ33      
23 blood plaʔ53      
15 bone ta31 taŋ33   1  
113 branch word info      
18 breast l̥u53 breast, heart    
56 child liʔ53 ji33      
131 cloud word info m`53 hna33      
139 cold word info t͡ɕiŋ33      
166 correct, true məŋ31 ŋo53      
168 day z`e35      
10 dirty      
96 dog hm`35      
140 dry word info ʂʷo53 of weather    
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear t͡ʂo35      
119 earth/soil ʔi53      
119 earth/soil tu53 lu31      
98 egg m`53 kaj53      
204 Eight word info ʐaw31   1  
45 eye to35   1  
180 far ʔlaj31      
104 fat/grease ne31 oil    
60 father mpa13      
99 feather mi33      
208 Fifty word info mej31 pe53      
143 fire paj35      
111 fish m`53 plo35      
201 Five word info mej31   1  
116 flower kəw33 hn`53      
132 fog      
200 Four word info pu35   11  
117 fruit ntaŋ31      
164 good ʔo33      
118 grass      
151 green ʔlaŋ53      
26 hair word info mi33 ke33      
1 hand mej31   1  
184 he/she hn`53      
24 head bu33 ke53      
142 heavy ɕe35      
61 house ki53      
194 how? word info      
57 husband      
182 I ʔi53      
193 if      
174 in, inside ʐaw13      
16 intestines saj33   48  
126 lake pʲaŋ pond    
114 leaf      
2 left li53 zej53 left hand 46  
4 leg/foot pu31 ko35   42  
135 lightning      
17 liver taʔ53 poŋ33      
155 long word info zaj33      
108 louse word info m`53 t͡ɕe31      
54 man/male pu33 ʂa35      
103 meat/flesh ɲaw33      
129 moon nta31 moon, month    
109 mosquito tsz`31 noŋ31      
59 mother ma13      
30 mouth mpu33   1  
63 name ɲai31      
63 name ntej13 surname    
158 narrow      
179 near lo13      
25 neck nta53 t͡ɕu31      
68 needle      
163 new      
167 night z`ej35 tu31      
205 Nine word info ʂʷo53   1  
195 no, not      
27 nose n̥i53      
162 old word info kaw53      
197 One word info sz`53   1  
209 One Hundred word info sz`53 tɕe53      
210 One Thousand word info sz`53 ke53 vi35      
190 other      
160 painful, sick zaj13      
53 person/human being həŋ35 Chinese   L
133 rain mən31      
102 rat m`53 ɬo53      
149 red      
3 right pʷi33 ta35 m`53 right hand 48  
6 road/path ka53 kun33      
115 root si53 ʔi35      
65 rope      
112 rotten word info kʰoŋ33      
125 salt ɲu31      
121 sand ʂa33      
124 sea      
203 Seven word info t͡ʂaw35   1?  
81 sharp pzz`53      
154 short word info ɲ.e33      
19 shoulder ki53 pu33      
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info ɲaŋ31   1  
12 skin pu33 ka53      
128 sky      
152 small tʲaŋ33      
145 smoke word info ve      
106 snake m`53 ŋo53      
110 spider      
130 star t͡ʂa35      
79 stick/wood      
120 stone poŋ35   1?  
105 tail kʷo35 ɕi53      
206 Ten word info sz`53 pe53   1  
178 that tʰa53 ʔaj33      
62 thatch/roof      
187 they t͡ɕe33      
157 thick word info lon31 ni33      
156 thin word info ʐʷo33      
177 this tʰa53 naj33      
183 thou m`31      
199 Three word info taw35   1  
134 thunder      
41 to bite to53      
137 to blow word info      
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info ha35      
144 to burn word info pʰʲaw33      
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info ni33      
85 to choose t͡ɕʰe31      
172 to climb word info məj31      
7 to come mo53 d͡ʑu33      
39 to cook word info taŋ53   1  
196 to count      
34 to cry ŋə53   1  
78 to cut, hack word info təj53/31      
75 to die, be dead pəŋ35      
90 to dig haj53      
90 to dig t͡sej35      
50 to dream ŋaw53 pe53   1?  
50 to dream m`54 pe53 noun    
40 to drink haŋ53      
37 to eat ha35   1  
95 to fall word info taŋ53      
22 to fear lo31      
123 to flow ʔlaj35      
101 to fly bləw33      
86 to grow word info li31      
44 to hear nt͡ʂaŋ33      
171 to hide word info ŋe31      
72 to hit word info      
89 to hold word info ʔme53      
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill zəŋ31      
20 to know, be knowledgeable law53      
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info ŋaw53      
76 to live, be alive plu35 raw    
76 to live, be alive nte31 ti35      
92 to open, uncover ho35      
84 to plant tʰaŋ35      
93 to pound, beat word info təŋ53      
93 to pound, beat word info ka53      
64 to say nd͡ʒz`31      
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see ko35      
46 to see vaŋ53 to look    
67 to sew word info pi33      
67 to sew word info pe35      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit tu53      
48 to sleep ŋaw53      
29 to sniff, smell maw53      
36 to spit tʰu53 Chinese   L
80 to split word info plo53 to split bamboo, break    
88 to squeeze word info t͡ɕz`33      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand ʑoŋ35/13 Chinese ?   L?
73 to steal ləŋ53      
42 to suck      
87 to swell word info pʰie53      
9 to swim      
21 to think      
94 to throw word info m̥e33      
66 to tie up, fasten naŋ53      
66 to tie up, fasten d͡ʐu33      
8 to turn word info lo33      
35 to vomit ti53   1?  
5 to walk paj35      
5 to walk vu d͡ʑu to go    
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn      
32 tongue mbi33 moŋ53      
31 tooth m`54 pe53   1  
207 Twenty word info ʂa35 pe53      
198 Two word info ʂa35   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info ʔm`53      
185 we word info taw35      
141 wet      
188 what? word info      
170 when? word info      
181 where? word info      
148 white ʔuʔ53      
189 who? word info n̥a53      
159 wide      
58 wife      
136 wind ve      
100 wing vi31   1?  
55 woman/female      
127 woods/forest      
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year pzz`35      
150 yellow pʰej53      
186 you t͡ʂaw35      

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