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Language: Gelao (Sanchong)

Source/Author:  Yu-May Shen 
Notes:  Source: Shen, Yu-May. Phonology of Sanchong Gelao. M.A. Thesis. University of Texas at Arlington, 2003.

Sanchong Gelao is classified as Central Gelao by Edmondson and Shen, although Ostapirat had classified it earlier as Southwestern Gelao. It is spoken in Sanchong village (三冲村), Longlin County (隆林县), Guangxi, China by the Green Gelao people. Their autonym is ha53 kej53.

Sanchong Gelao has 5 tones: /33/, /35/, /13/, /53/, and /31/.

Other words of interest: m`53 sa53 (raw rice), moŋ53 (cooked rice), ɲaj31 m`53 (water buffalo), toŋ31 koŋ35 (knee) 
Problems:  Syllabic nasals are represented as m` and n`. The fricativized/apical vowel is represented as z`. The original source uses short lines under the letters instead of a grave mark `.

Tones were not given for some words. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 164
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 3
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kra:Western Kra 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 7 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
21 to think      
28 to breathe      
33 to laugh      
42 to suck      
47 to yawn      
55 woman/female      
57 husband      
58 wife      
62 thatch/roof      
65 rope      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
77 to scratch word info      
79 stick/wood      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
91 to buy      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf      
118 grass      
124 sea      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info      
141 wet      
146 ash      
149 red      
153 big      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
163 new      
170 when? word info      
173 at      
175 above      
176 below      
181 where? word info      
188 what? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
101 to fly bləw33      
24 head bu33 ke53      
66 to tie up, fasten d͡ʐu33      
37 to eat ha35   1  
144 to burn word info ha35      
90 to dig haj53      
40 to drink haŋ53      
165 bad, evil hi33      
96 dog hm`35      
184 he/she hn`53      
92 to open, uncover ho35      
53 person/human being həŋ35 Chinese   L
93 to pound, beat word info ka53      
6 road/path ka53 kun33      
13 back word info ka53 lai33      
162 old word info kaw53      
61 house ki53      
19 shoulder ki53 pu33      
46 to see ko35      
116 flower kəw33 hn`53      
112 rotten word info kʰoŋ33      
105 tail kʷo35 ɕi53      
20 to know, be knowledgeable law53      
86 to grow word info li31      
2 left li53 zej53 left hand 46  
56 child liʔ53 ji33      
179 near lo13      
22 to fear lo31      
8 to turn word info lo33      
157 thick word info lon31 ni33      
73 to steal ləŋ53      
147 black l̥aŋ33      
14 belly l̥oŋ35 stomach    
18 breast l̥u53 breast, heart    
183 thou m`31      
131 cloud word info m`53 hna33      
98 egg m`53 kaj53      
97 bird m`53 naŋ53   1  
111 fish m`53 plo35      
108 louse word info m`53 t͡ɕe31      
106 snake m`53 ŋo53      
102 rat m`53 ɬo53      
31 tooth m`54 pe53   1  
50 to dream m`54 pe53 noun    
59 mother ma13      
29 to sniff, smell maw53      
32 tongue mbi33 moŋ53      
1 hand mej31   1  
201 Five word info mej31   1  
208 Fifty word info mej31 pe53      
99 feather mi33      
26 hair word info mi33 ke33      
7 to come mo53 d͡ʑu33      
60 father mpa13      
30 mouth mpu33   1  
172 to climb word info məj31      
133 rain mən31      
166 correct, true məŋ31 ŋo53      
94 to throw word info m̥e33      
66 to tie up, fasten naŋ53      
64 to say nd͡ʒz`31      
104 fat/grease ne31 oil    
38 to chew word info ni33      
129 moon nta31 moon, month    
25 neck nta53 t͡ɕu31      
117 fruit ntaŋ31      
76 to live, be alive nte31 ti35      
63 name ntej13 surname    
44 to hear nt͡ʂaŋ33      
189 who? word info n̥a53      
27 nose n̥i53      
5 to walk paj35      
143 fire paj35      
67 to sew word info pe35      
67 to sew word info pi33      
23 blood plaʔ53      
80 to split word info plo53 to split bamboo, break    
76 to live, be alive plu35 raw    
120 stone poŋ35   1?  
4 leg/foot pu31 ko35   42  
12 skin pu33 ka53      
54 man/male pu33 ʂa35      
200 Four word info pu35   11  
169 year pzz`35      
81 sharp pzz`53      
75 to die, be dead pəŋ35      
150 yellow pʰej53      
87 to swell word info pʰie53      
144 to burn word info pʰʲaw33      
126 lake pʲaŋ pond    
3 right pʷi33 ta35 m`53 right hand 48  
16 intestines saj33   48  
115 root si53 ʔi35      
197 One word info sz`53   1  
210 One Thousand word info sz`53 ke53 vi35      
206 Ten word info sz`53 pe53   1  
209 One Hundred word info sz`53 tɕe53      
15 bone ta31 taŋ33   1  
185 we word info taw35      
199 Three word info taw35   1  
39 to cook word info taŋ53   1  
95 to fall word info taŋ53      
17 liver taʔ53 poŋ33      
35 to vomit ti53   1?  
45 eye to35   1  
41 to bite to53      
109 mosquito tsz`31 noŋ31      
51 to sit tu53      
119 earth/soil tu53 lu31      
78 to cut, hack word info təj53/31      
93 to pound, beat word info təŋ53      
177 this tʰa53 naj33      
178 that tʰa53 ʔaj33      
84 to plant tʰaŋ35      
36 to spit tʰu53 Chinese   L
152 small tʲaŋ33      
90 to dig t͡sej35      
187 they t͡ɕe33      
139 cold word info t͡ɕiŋ33      
88 to squeeze word info t͡ɕz`33      
85 to choose t͡ɕʰe31      
130 star t͡ʂa35      
186 you t͡ʂaw35      
203 Seven word info t͡ʂaw35   1?  
43 ear t͡ʂo35      
46 to see vaŋ53 to look    
136 wind ve      
145 smoke word info ve      
100 wing vi31   1?  
5 to walk vu d͡ʑu to go    
168 day z`e35      
167 night z`ej35 tu31      
160 painful, sick zaj13      
155 long word info zaj33      
74 to kill zəŋ31      
48 to sleep ŋaw53      
49 to lie down word info ŋaw53      
50 to dream ŋaw53 pe53   1?  
171 to hide word info ŋe31      
34 to cry ŋə53   1  
142 heavy ɕe35      
154 short word info ɲ.e33      
63 name ɲai31      
103 meat/flesh ɲaw33      
202 Six word info ɲaŋ31   1  
125 salt ɲu31      
121 sand ʂa33      
198 Two word info ʂa35   1  
207 Twenty word info ʂa35 pe53      
140 dry word info ʂʷo53 of weather    
205 Nine word info ʂʷo53   1  
174 in, inside ʐaw13      
204 Eight word info ʐaw31   1  
156 thin word info ʐʷo33      
52 to stand ʑoŋ35/13 Chinese ?   L?
119 earth/soil ʔi53      
182 I ʔi53      
180 far ʔlaj31      
123 to flow ʔlaj35      
151 green ʔlaŋ53      
122 water word info ʔm`53      
89 to hold word info ʔme53      
164 good ʔo33      
148 white ʔuʔ53      

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